Amendments 11th - 27th - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Amendments 11th - 27th

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Title: Amendments 11 - 17 Author: PSD Last modified by: Parkland High School Created Date: 10/29/2009 1:15:09 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Amendments 11th - 27th


1
Amendments 11th - 27th
  • Added to the Constitution

  • from

  • 1791 - 1992

2
11th Amendment
  • 1795
  • Prohibits federal courts from hearing cases in
    which a state is sued by individuals from another
    state or country
  • A person cannot sue another state
  • Does not include matters of federal law

3
12th Amendment
  • 1804
  • Changes in the electoral college procedures
  • The Vice-President is no longer the second
    highest vote getter
  • President and Vice President are united on one
    ticket
  • President and Vice President must be from
    different states

4
13th Amendment
  • 1865
  • 1st of the Civil War Amendments
  • Makes slavery and involuntary servitude illegal

5
14th Amendment
  • 1868
  • The Second Civil War Amendment
  • The Magnificent Fourteenth
  • A Civil Rights Amendment
  • Citizenship, due process and equal protection
  • Due Process of the Law Clause - government must
    act fairly and follow all the rules

6
15th Amendment
  • 1870
  • The third Civil War Amendment
  • Citizens are guaranteed the right to vote,
    regardless of race, color, or previous condition
    of servitude
  • Did not include women

7
16th Amendment
  • February 3, 1913
  • Power to collect / levy income taxes
  • Congress has the right to set up an income tax

8
17th Amendment
  • April 8, 1913
  • U.S. Senators are elected directly by voters in
    each state.
  • Use to be elected by state legislatures

9
18th Amendment
  • 1919
  • Prohibition
  • Outlawed the making, selling, consumption,
    transporting, importing, or exporting alcoholic
    beverages in the United States
  • Repealed by the 21st Amendment.

10
19th Amendment
  • 1920
  • Equal suffrage
  • No person can be denied the right to vote in any
    election in the United States on account of his
    her gender.
  • Guaranteed the right to vote to women

11
20th Amendment
  • 1933
  • The President takes office on January 20th
    instead of March 4th
  • Congress term begins January 3rd instead of the
    1st Monday in December
  • Sometimes referred to as the Lame Duck Amendment
    (period of time in office after being defeated)
  • Changed the dates for the start of Presidential
    and Congressional terms

12
21st Amendment
  • 1933
  • Repealed the 18th Amendment (Prohibition)
  • The sale, transportation, consumption of alcohol
    beverages now legal
  • The sale, transportation, consumption of alcohol
    beverages is controlled by the states.

13
22nd Amendment
  • 1951
  • Two term limit for President - traditional amount
    of time since George Washington
  • The tradition was broken by Franklin Roosevelt
  • No President can be elected to Presidency for
    more than 2 terms or maximum of 10 years.

14
23rd Amendment
  • 1961
  • People living in Washington, D.C. may vote in
    presidential and vice presidential elections
  • D.C. has three presidential electors - equal to
    the least number given to the smallest states

15
24th Amendment
  • 1964
  • Outlawed the payment of any tax as a condition
    for taking part in the nomination or election of
    any federal officeholder
  • No Poll taxes

16
25th Amendment
  • 1967
  • Presidential Succession - who comes next? - Vice
    President
  • Vice Presidency vacancy - President can appoint
    new VP, confirmed by Senate
  • Presidential disability - cabinet and VP notifies
    Congress, VP becomes acting Pres
  • What happens if both Pres and VP are not
    available?

17
  • Presidential Succession 2010
  • 1 Vice President Joe Biden
  • 2 Speaker of the House John Boehner
  • 3 President pro tempore of the Senate
    Dan Inouye
  • 4 Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
  • 5 Secretary of the Treasury Timothy
    Geithner
  • 6 Secretary of Defense
    Leon E. Panetta
  • 7 Attorney General Eric Holder
  • 8 Secretary of the Interior Ken
    Salazar
  • 9 Secretary of Agriculture Tom
    Vilsack
  • 10 Secretary of Commerce John E.
    Bryson

18
  • 11 Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis
  • 12 Secretary of Health and Human Services
    Kathleen Sebelius
  • 13 Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
    Shaun Donovan
  • 14 Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood
  • 15 Secretary of Energy Steven Chu
  • 16 Secretary of Education Arne Duncan
  • 17 Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki
  • 18 Secretary of Homeland Security Janet
    Napolitano

19
26th Amendment
  • 1971
  • Changes the minimum age to vote from 21 to 18
    years of age.

20
27th Amendment
  • 1992
  • If Congress votes themselves a raise, they are
    unable to collect it until after their next
    election.
  • Gives the voters a chance to vote them out of
    office.
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