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Constitutional Amendments

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Title: Constitutional Amendments


1
Constitutional Amendments
  • Links in this power point take you to the
    website
  • www.usconstitution.net

2
How is the Constitution Amended?
  • The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses
    shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments
    to this Constitution,
  • or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two
    thirds of the several States, shall call a
    Convention for proposing Amendments,
  • when ratified by the Legislatures of three
    fourths of the several States, or by Conventions
    in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other
    Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the
    Congress

3
Bill of Rights
  • 1-10 amendments
  • The Constitution was passed without them
  • The guarantee of a bill of rights was a key
    factor in convincing some states to ratify the
    constitution.
  • North Carolina and Rhode Island were the two big
    hold outs
  • North Carolina failed to ratify the Constitution
    on its first vote.

4
1st Amendment
  • Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion, or prohibiting the
    free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom
    of speech, or of the press or the right of the
    people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
    Government for a redress of grievances.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

5
2nd Amendment
  • Right to Bear Arms
  • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the
    security of a free State, the right of the people
    to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

6
3rd Amendment
  • Quartering of Soldiers
  • No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
    in any house, without the consent of the Owner,
    nor in time of war, but in a manner to be
    prescribed by law.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

7
4th Amendment
  • Search and Seizure
  • The right of the people to be secure in their
    persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
    unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be
    violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon
    probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation,
    and particularly describing the place to be
    searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

8
5th Amendment
  • Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings
  • No person shall be held to answer for a capital,
    or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a
    presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except
    in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or
    in the Militia, when in actual service in time of
    War or public danger nor shall any person be
    subject for the same offense to be twice put in
    jeopardy of life or limb nor shall be compelled
    in any criminal case to be a witness against
    himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law nor shall
    private property be taken for public use, without
    just compensation.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

9
6th Amendment
  • Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses
  • In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall
    enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by
    an impartial jury of the State and district
    wherein the crime shall have been committed,
    which district shall have been previously
    ascertained by law, and to be informed of the
    nature and cause of the accusation to be
    confronted with the witnesses against him to
    have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses
    in his favor, and to have the Assistance of
    Counsel for his defence.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

10
7th Amendment
  • Trial by Jury in Civil Cases
  • In Suits at common law, where the value in
    controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
    right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no
    fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
    re-examined in any Court of the United States,
    than according to the rules of the common law.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

11
8th Amendment
  • Cruel and Unusual Punishment
  • Excessive bail shall not be required, nor
    excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
    punishments inflicted.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

12
9th Amendment
  • Construction of Constitution
  • The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain
    rights, shall not be construed to deny or
    disparage others retained by the people.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

13
10th Amendment
  • Powers of the States and People
  • The powers not delegated to the United States by
    the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
    States, are reserved to the States respectively,
    or to the people.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 12/15/1791

14
11th Amendment
  • Judicial Limits
  • The Judicial power of the United States shall not
    be construed to extend to any suit in law or
    equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of
    the United States by Citizens of another State,
    or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
  • Someone from one state cant sue someone in
    another state.
  • Proposed 3/4/1794 Ratified 2/7/1795

15
12th Amendment
  • Choosing the President, Vice-President
  • Solved a problem in electing the president and
    vice president.
  • The electoral college now casts separate votes
    for the President and the Vice President
  • The way it was Article 2 section 1 paragraph 3
    In every Case, after the Choice of the
    President, the Person having the greatest Number
    of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice
    President.
  • It meant that the runner up would be vice
    president. IE Al Gore would have been George
    Bushs V.P.
  • Proposed 12/9/1803 Ratified 6/15/1804

16
Civil War Amendments
  • The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
  • Passed to ensure the civil liberties of former
    slaves.

17
13th Amendment
  • Slavery Abolished
  • Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except
    as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall
    have been duly convicted, shall exist within the
    United States, or any place subject to their
    jurisdiction.
  • Proposed 1/31/1865 Ratified 12/6/1865

18
14th Amendment
  • Citizenship Rights
  • All persons born in the US are citizens (former
    slaves)
  • No State shall make or enforce any law which
    shall abridge the privileges or immunities of
    citizens of the United States nor shall any
    State deprive any person of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law nor deny to
    any person within its jurisdiction the equal
    protection of the laws.
  • Restructured how representatives would be
    apportioned
  • Denied all leaders of the Confederacy from
    holding office
  • The US is not responsible for the debts of the
    Confederacy
  • Proposed 6/13/1866 Ratified 7/9/1868

19
15th Amendment
  • Race No Bar to Vote
  • Suffrage for former slaves
  • The right of citizens of the United States to
    vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
    United States or by any State on account of race,
    color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Proposed 2/26/1869 Ratified 2/3/1870

20
16th Amendment
  • Income Tax
  • The Congress shall have power to lay and collect
    taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived,
    without apportionment among the several States,
    and without regard to any census or enumeration.
  • Proposed 7/12/1909 Ratified 2/3/1913

21
17th Amendment
  • Senators Elected by Popular Vote
  • The Senate of the United States shall be composed
    of two Senators from each State, elected by the
    people thereof, for six years and each Senator
    shall have one vote. The electors in each State
    shall have the qualifications requisite for
    electors of the most numerous branch of the State
    legislatures.
  • What it was A-1, S-3, P-1 The Senate of the
    United States shall be composed of two Senators
    from each State, chosen by the Legislature
    thereof, for six Years and each Senator shall
    have one Vote.
  • Proposed 5/13/1912 Ratified 4/8/1913

22
18th Amendment
  • Prohibition (Liquor Abolished)
  • After one year from the ratification of this
    article the manufacture, sale, or transportation
    of intoxicating liquors within, the importation
    thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the
    United States and all territory subject to the
    jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is
    hereby prohibited.
  • Proposed 12/18/1917 Ratified 1/16/1919

23
19th Amendment
  • Women's Suffrage
  • The right of citizens of the United States to
    vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
    United States or by any State on account of sex.
  • Proposed 6/4/1919 Ratified 8/18/1920

24
20th Amendment
  • Presidential, Congressional Terms
  • Lame Duck Amendment
  • When the terms of President and Vice President
    end (Noon Jan 20th)
  • When the terms of Senators and Representatives
    end (Noon Jan 3rd)
  • Presidential succession when the president elect
    dies, or fails to qualify for the office.
  • The Vice President becomes president or holds the
    office until the President elect meets the
    qualifications. IE the president elect will not
    be 35 years old until the 21st of January.
  • Proposed 3/2/1932 Ratified 1/23/1933

25
21st Amendment
  • Ended Prohibition
  • The eighteenth article of amendment to the
    Constitution of the United States is hereby
    repealed
  • Proposed 2/20/1933 Ratified 12/5/1933

26
22nd Amendments
  • Presidential Term Limits
  • No person shall be elected to the office of the
    President more than twice, and no person who has
    held the office of President, or acted as
    President, for more than two years of a term to
    which some other person was elected President
    shall be elected to the office of the President
    more than once.
  • Proposed 3/21/1947 Ratified 2/27/1951

27
23rd Amendment
  • Presidential Vote for District of Columbia
  • The District constituting the seat of Government
    of the United States shall appoint in such manner
    as the Congress may direct A number of electors
    of President and Vice President equal to the
    whole number of Senators and Representatives in
    Congress to which the District would be entitled
    if it were a State,
  • Proposed 6/17/1960 Ratified 3/29/1961

28
24th Amendment
  • - Poll Tax Barred
  • The right of citizens of the United States to
    vote in any primary or other election for
    President or Vice President, for electors for
    President or Vice President, or for Senator or
    Representative in Congress, shall not be denied
    or abridged by the United States or any State by
    reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other
    tax.
  • Proposed 8/27/1962 Ratified 1/23/1964

29
25th Amendments
  • Presidential Disability and Succession
  • In case of the removal of the President from
    office or of his death or resignation, the Vice
    President shall become President.
  • 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of
    the Vice President, the President shall nominate
    a Vice President who shall take office upon
    confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of
    Congress.
  • 3. Whenever the President transmits to the
    President pro tempore of the Senate and the
    Speaker of the House of Representatives his
    written declaration that he is unable to
    discharge the powers and duties of his office,
    and until he transmits to them a written
    declaration to the contrary, such powers and
    duties shall be discharged by the Vice President
    as Acting President.
  • Proposed 7/6/1965 Ratified 2/10/1967

30
26th Amendment
  • Voting Age Set to 18 Years
  • The right of citizens of the United States, who
    are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall
    not be denied or abridged by the United States or
    by any State on account of age.
  • Proposed 3/23/1971 Ratified 7/1/1971

31
27th Amendment
  • Limiting Congressional Pay Increases
  • No law, varying the compensation for the services
    of the Senators and Representatives, shall take
    effect, until an election of Representatives
    shall have intervened.
  • Proposed 9/25/1789 Ratified 5/7/1992
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