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The History of the United States

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Title: The History of the United States


1
The History of the United States
1784 to 1800
The dynamics of
change
By Justin Peavey
2
Thesis statement
  • The period of 1784 to 1800 was a time rife with
    political, social, and economic upheaval. A new
    nation was being born, and was taking its first
    shaky steps at independence. The United States
    was an experiment in democracy, and few knew
    whether this fledgling nation was up to the
    challenge.

3
Political Change
  • This time period saw the end of the American
    Revolution, and the beginnings of a nation that
    would one day become a world super-power. Many
    changes in the early attempts at a democratic
    government were necessary to ensure a strong and
    stable country.

4
The end of the war
  • On January 14th of 1784 the US Congress ratified
    the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain to end the
    American Revolutionary War, with the signature of
    President of Congress Thomas Mifflin.
  • The newly independent nation turned to the
    daunting task of creating a stable government.

5
Articles of Confederation
  • The Articles of Confederation was the first
    constitution of the United States of America and
    legally established the union of the states.
  • However, with no executive branch, the Articles
    were not able to effectively enforce laws, and
    because of the economic depression that followed
    the war, many people became burdened by debt and
    heavy taxes

6
Shays Rebellion
  • Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in
    Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787. The rebellion is
    named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of the
    American Revolution who led the rebels. Most of
    Shays' allies were poor farmers angered by
    crushing debt and taxes.
  • Shays and his men were seeking debt relief
    through the issuance of paper currency and lower
    taxes, and they attempted to prevent the courts
    from seizing property from indebted farmers by
    forcing the closure of courts in western
    Massachusetts. The participants in Shays'
    Rebellion believed they were acting in the spirit
    of the Revolution.

7
The Constitution
  • It soon became clear that the Articles of
    Confederation were not powerful enough to enforce
    the law.
  • On May 14th , 1787, delegates begin arriving in
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to revise the
    Articles.
  • On May 25th the delegates begin to convene a
    Constitutional Convention intended to amend the
    Articles of Confederation. However, a new
    Constitution for the United States is eventually
    produced. George Washington presides over the
    Convention.
  • On September 17th The United States Constitution
    is adopted by the Constitutional Convention.

8
The ratification of the Constitution
  • On October 27th , The first of the Federalist
    Papers, a series of essays written by Alexander
    Hamilton James Madison and John Jay calling for
    ratification of the U.S. Constitution, is
    published in a New York paper.
  • On December 7th, Delaware ratifies the
    Constitution and becomes the first U.S. state.
  • On December 12th , Pennsylvania becomes the
    second U.S. state.
  • On December 18th , New Jersey becomes the third
    U.S. state.
  • In 1788 Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts,
    Maryland, South Carolina, and New Hampshire
    ratifies the United States Constitution and with
    the ratification of the constitution by the 9th
    U.S. state, New Hampshire the Constitution goes
    into effect.

9
The new Government
  • On January 7th the 1789 United States
    presidential elections and House of
    Representatives elections are held.
  • George Washington is unanimously elected the
    first President of the United States by the
    United States Electoral College on February 4th .
  • At Federal Hall in New York City, the 1st United
    States Congress meets on March 4th and declares
    the new United States Constitution to be in
    effect.
  • On April 1 At Federal Hall, the United States
    House of Representatives attains its first quorum
    and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania
    as its first Speaker of the House.
  • On April 30 George Washington is inaugurated at
    Federal Hall in New York City, beginning his term
    as the first President of the United States.

10
George Washington
  • George Washington set many precedents for future
    presidents during his term as president, such as
    only serving two terms (later broken by Franklin
    D. Roosevelt and afterwards made into law by the
    22nd amendment). He also set constitutional
    precedent by being the first president to use the
    Presidential Veto.
  • On September 17th U.S. President George
    Washington issued his Farewell Address, which
    warns against partisan politics and foreign
    entanglements, on shaped American policy for
    years to come.

11
The Bill of Rights
  • Many people felt the Constitution was not
    complete, and needed a written guarantee of the
    peoples rights. Several states only ratified the
    Constitution with the understanding that a Bill
    of Rights would soon be included.
  • On December 15th Ratification by the states of
    the first ten amendments to the United States
    Constitution is completed, creating the United
    States Bill of Rights. Two additional amendments
    remain pending, and one of these is finally
    ratified in 1992, becoming the Twenty-seventh
    Amendment.

12
Economic Change
  • There were many changes in the technologies and
    availability of resources during this time
    period, new inventions and opportunities to grow
    for the new country

13
Inventions
  • In 1794, March 14th Eli Whitney is granted a
    patent for the cotton gin, which would
    revolutionize the southern cotton industry and
    cause slavery in the south to increase
    tremendously.

14
Pirates
  • The young nations shipping interests were
    greatly affected by fierce raids made by Barbary
    corsairs (pirates) in the Mediterranean and the
    United States economy was suffering because of
    this.
  • On October 21st in Boston Harbor, the 44-gun
    United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is
    launched to fight Barbary pirates off the coast
    of Tripoli.
  • In 1798 The United States Marine Corps, successor
    to the Continental Marines, was established to
    combat the threat of corsairs .

15
New Territories
  • On July 11th The United States takes possession
    of Detroit from Great Britain under the terms of
    the Jay Treaty.
  • By 1800 the number of States was 15.
  • The United States was growing slowly but surely,
    and was becoming more economically stable

16
Social Changes
  • There was little significant social change during
    this time period, but the changes that did occur
    were very important.

17
Republican Motherhood
  • "Republican Motherhood" identifies the concept
    related to women's roles as mothers in the
    emerging United States after the American
    Revolution. It centered on the belief that
    children should be raised to uphold the ideals of
    republicanism, making them the ideal citizens of
    the new nation. Republican motherhood meant a new
    and important role for women, especially
    regarding civic duty and education.

18
Art
  • Art of this time period was focused mainly on the
    elaborate portraits commissioned by the rich and
    influential.
  • The Washington Family by Edward Savage is a
    life-sized group portrait of U. S. President
    George Washington, First Lady Martha Washington,
    two of her grandchildren, and an enslaved
    servant.

19
Other Works
  • François Marie Suzanne was a French sculptor. His
    works included a terra cotta statuette of
    Benjamin Franklin
  • Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences (1792)
    is an oil-on-canvas painting by American artist
    Samuel Jennings.
  • The Lansdowne portrait is an iconic oil-on-canvas
    portrait of George Washington, the first
    President of the United States. The portrait was
    commissioned in April 1796 by Senator William
    Bingham of Pennsylvania

20
Conclusion
  • So as you can see, the period of 1784 to 1800 was
    a time of great change, a young people shaping
    their nation, and setting themselves on the path
    of freedom and justice.

21
Works Cited
  • http//library.thinkquest.org/06aug/00439/images/s
    cotsahamilton2.jpeg
  • http//www.constitutioncenter.org/timeline/flash/a
    ssets/asset_upload_file867_11926.jpg
  • http//www.springfieldmuseums.org/writable/collect
    ion/2004-D03-565.jpg
  • http//www.class.uh.edu/gl/critical2_files/image00
    1.gif
  • http//www.elcivics.com/george_washington_drawing.
    jpg
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1784
  • http//www.freewebs.com/dforecastle99/Pictures/Shi
    ps/uss_constitution.JPG
  • http//www.google.com/
  • http//media.photobucket.com/image/American20eagl
    e/dudemjk/american
  • http//www.hickerphoto.com/data/media/4/american_f
    lag_pictures_t2684.jpg
  • Bailey, Kennedy, and Cohen, The American pageant
    , Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998
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