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Constitutional Amendments

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African Americans and Native Americans given U.S. citizenship ... Americans (and the government) did not like the effects of the 18th amendment, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Constitutional Amendments


1
Constitutional Amendments
  • 11-27

2
11th amendment
  • Ratified 1795
  • Citizens cannot sue the state, but can sue state
    representatives
  • Commonly used by prisoners (today)

3
12th amendment
  • Ratified 1804
  • Establishes the ELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • Before this amendment it used to be that the top
    vote-getter was president and 2nd place was VP

4
13th Amendment
  • One of the Three Civil War Amendments
  • Ratified 1865
  • Abolished Slavery

5
14th amendment
  • One of the Three Civil War Amendments
  • Ratified 1868
  • Equal Protection under the Law
  • African Americans and Native Americans given U.S.
    citizenship
  • All citizens must be treated equally
  • Established Due Process to the States

6
15th amendment
  • One of the Three Civil War Amendments
  • Ratified 1870
  • African American Suffrage
  • You cannot be denied the right to vote based on
    RACE
  • No mention of women

7
16th Amendment
  • Progressive Era
  • Ratified 1913
  • Congress has the power to collect and lay taxes
    on your income

8
17th amendment
  • Progressive Era
  • Ratified 1913
  • Direct Election of Senators
  • Before this amendment, state legislatures
    (Nebraskas unicameral) would decide who the
    state Senators were
  • Would this be a conflict of interest?

9
18th Amendment
  • Progressive Era
  • Ratified 1919
  • Prohibition of Alcohol
  • No making, selling, transporting, or drinking of
    liquor
  • Effects Bootlegging, the MOB, the Rise of Al
    Capone

10
19th Amendment
  • Progressive Era
  • Ratified 1920
  • Womens SuffrageFINALLY
  • Amendments giving women the right to vote had
    been proposed for more than 40 years

11
20th Amendment
  • Ratified 1933
  • Presidential Inauguration is Jan. 20th
  • Lame Duck Amendment
  • a LAME DUCK is a government official who
    continues to serve in office though not reelected
    to another term
  • Before this, officials remained in office for 4
    months
  • Now Lame Ducks remain in office for a little over
    2 months

12
21st Amendment
  • Ratified 1933
  • Repeal of the 18th (Prohibition)
  • Americans (and the government) did not like the
    effects of the 18th amendment, so it was repealed

13
22nd Amendment
  • Ratified 1951
  • After which President died?
  • 22 - 2 terms
  • Limits the Presidents Terms to TWO
  • Whats the longest time a President HAS served?
  • Whats the longest time a President COULD serve
    NOW?

14
The Constitution says
  • No person shall be elected to the office of the
    President more than twice, and no person who has
    held the office of President for more than 2
    years of a term to which some other person was
    elected President shall be elected to the office
    of President more than once.
  • ANSWER?????

15
23rd Amendment
  • Ratified 1961
  • 23 - DC
  • Residents in the District of Columbia (DC) can
    vote (in national elections only)
  • No taxation without representation

16
24th Amendment
  • Ratified 1964
  • During the Civil Rights Movement
  • 24-No More
  • No more Poll Tax (to vote)
  • Poll taxes were used to keep poor whites and
    blacks from voting in national and state elections

17
25th amendment
  • Ratified 1967
  • After which President died?
  • 25 and he dies
  • Presidential Succession and Disability
  • If the President dies, the VP takes over
  • If both the President and VP cannot serve, the
    Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi) serves
  • Who comes next in line?

18
26th amendment
  • Ratified 1971
  • Came as a direct response to the Vietnam War
  • Suffrage for 18-year-olds

19
27th amendment
  • Proposed 1789, Ratified 1992
  • One of the original Bill of Rights (2)
  • Congressional Pay Raises
  • Congress members cannot give themselves a pay
    raise
  • Congress members must wait until that raise is
    confirmed by Congress. The pay raise will not go
    into effect until the next Congressional session
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