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English 9A Literary Terms Notes

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Title: English 9A Literary Terms Notes Author: St. Johns Public Schools Last modified by: Christina Snyder Created Date: 11/5/2010 2:23:06 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: English 9A Literary Terms Notes


1
English 9A Literary Terms Notes
  • The Scarlet Ibis

2
Point of View (narrative)
  • Narratorteller of the story
  • (To narrateto tell a story)
  • Through whose eyes does the reader view the
    story?
  • 1st person (insider)
  • 3rd person (outsider)

3
1st person point of view (an insider)
  • A character in the story who can tell the story
    from the I vantage point cannot tell you
    thoughts of others (only his own thinking)
  • Examples
  • TKAM (Scout Finch)
  • The narrator of The Scarlet Ibis

4
3rd Person point of view (an outsider)
  • 3rd Person OMNISCIENT
  • (all-knowing narrator)
  • Outsider tells the story
  • and can enter the minds
  • of all the characters

5
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6
  • 3rd Person LIMITED
  • Outsider tells the story focusing on only one
    characters perspective
  • Example The Most Dangerous Game
  • Whose perspective is focused on in this story?

7
  • 3rd Person OBJECTIVE (dramatic)
  • Outsider tells the story like a newspaper
    reporter who merely relates the facts without
    presenting the thoughts or feelings of the
    character

8
  • Example A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner.
  • Here is a passage
  • They rose when she entereda small, fat woman in
    black...She did not ask them to sit. She just
    stood there in the door and listened quietly
    until the spokesman came to a stumbling halt.
    Then they could hear the invisible watch ticking
    at the end of the gold chain. Her voice was dry
    and cold, I have no taxes in Jefferson. Colonel
    Sartoris explained it to me. Perhaps one of you
    can gain access to the city records and satisfy
    yourselvs.
  • Emily Grierson?

9
Foreshadowing
  • An authors use of hints or clues about events
    which will occur later.
  • Example Shooting of rabid dog, Tim Johnson
    foreshadows the shooting/death of Tom Robinson in
    To Kill a Mockingbird.

10
Flashback
  • An interruption in the action of the story to
    show an episode that happened at an earlier time.
    It is a useful literary device because it can
    provide background information necessary to
    understand characters or plot.

11
Example
  • The story of The Scarlet Ibis is told from the
    perspective of an adult having a series of
    flashbacks about his childhood involving brother,
    Doodle.

12
Video example
  • In the movie, The Sandlot, Michael (Squints) is
    trying to explain to Scotty Smalls why the dog
    next to their baseball field (The Beast) is so
    dangerous. This flashback provides the story of
    The Beasts violent nature
  • (video on next slide)

13
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14
Symbols
  • Anything that suggests a meaning beyond its
    obvious one
  • Examples
  • The mockingbird innocent beings
  • The ibisDoodle
  • ?happy
  • ? love

15
Imagery
  • Concrete details (word choice/phrases) which
    appeal to the 5 senses. Authors use imagery for
    2 purposes
  • To help the reader draw a mental picture
  • Arouse emotions/establish mood so the reader
    feels what the characters feel

16
Imagery Example
  • The music coursed through us, shaking our bodies
    as if it came from within us. (Physical
    appeal/sense of touch)

17
Simile
  • Comparison between UNLIKE things using words
    like or as
  • Example John runs like the wind and is as
    strong as an ox.

18
Metaphor
  • Comparison between two essentially UNLIKE
    things-without using words like or as
  • Examples
  • The tumbleweeds are the lost children of the
    desert.
  • Wolfing your lunch

19
Hyperbole
  • Exaggerated statement used deliberately to
    heighten effect on listener
  • Examples
  • The coffee was so strong you could stand a spoon
    on it
  • I am so hungry I could eat a horse!
  • The music was deafening.
  • I am starving!

20
Alliteration
  • Repetition of initial consonant sounds
  • Example It tastes better baked in butter.

21
Onomatopoeia
  • A words sound that imitates its meaning
  • The embers in the fire crackled and snapped late
    into the night.
  • She was sloshing through the melted snow.
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