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Literary Terms

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Literary Terms FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figures of Speech A figure of speech is a specific device or kind of figurative language, such as hyperbole, metaphor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Terms


1
Literary Terms
2
Genre
Genre is an important word in the English class.
We teach different genres of literature such as
poetry, short stories, myths, plays, non-fiction,
novels, mysteries, and so on. When we speak about
a kind of literature we are really speaking about
a genre of literature. So when someone asks you
what genre of literature you like, you might
answer, poetry, novels, comics, and so on.
3
Character
  • A character is a person or an animal that takes
    part in the action of a literary work.

4
Antagonist
  • The Antagonist is a character or force in
    conflict with a main character, or protagonist.

5
Do you know your Antagonists???
  • On your paper take a few minutes to write down
    some Antagonists that you can recall from movies,
    television shows, and video games
  • Remember the Antagonist is in conflict with the
    Protagonist or, main character!
  • Helpful hint you should now know why people use
    the saying Dont antagonize me!

6
Protagonist
  • The Protagonist is the main character in a
    literary work
  • Can you name some famous Protagonists that are
    found in literature?

7
CHARACTERIZATION
  • Characterization is the process by which the
    writer reveals the personality of a character.
    Characterization is revealed through direct
    characterization and indirect characterization.

8
DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION
Direct Characterization tells the audience what
the personality of the character is. Example
The patient boy and quiet girl were both well
mannered and did not disobey their mother.
Explanation The author is directly telling the
audience the personality of these two children.
The boy is patient and the girl is quiet.
9
INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION
Indirect Characterization shows things that
reveal the personality of a character. There are
five different methods of indirect
characterization
SPEECH What does the character say? How does the character speak?
THOUGHTS What is revealed through the characters private thoughts and feelings?
EFFECT ON OTHERS How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?
ACTIONS What does the character do? How does the character behave?
LOOKS What does the character look like? How does the character dress?
10
Plot
  • Plot is the sequence of events. The first event
    causes the second, the second causes the third,
    and so forth.

11
PLOT TRIANGLE
Climax
Rising Action
Falling Action
Resolution
Exposition
Conflict Introduced
12
Exposition
  • Introduction
  • Introduces the characters,
  • setting, and basic situation.

13
Setting
  • The setting of a literary work is the time and
    place of the action.
  • The setting includes all the details of a place
    and time the year, the time of day, even the
    weather. The place may be a specific country,
    state, region, community, neighborhood, building,
    institution, or home.
  • .

14
Rising Action
  • Events that lead to the climax of the story.

15
Climax
  • Point of greatest emotional intensity, interest,
    or suspense.
  • Typically comes at the turning point in a story
    or drama.

16
Falling Action
  • Action that follows the climax and reveals its
    results.

17
Resolution
  • Part of the plot that concludes the falling
    action by revealing or suggesting the outcome of
    the conflict.

18
POINT OF VIEW
  • There are 3 ways of telling a story
  • 1st person - "I" tells the story and is a
    character in the story this can be present tense
    or past tense.
  • 2nd person - "You" is used to tell the story
    these tend to be like Choose Your Own Adventure
    stories or computer games and are usually in the
    present tense.
  • 3rd person - "He, she, it, they" - the story is
    told by someone, usually not identified by name,
    who knows it. Usually in the past tense.

19
Theme
  • The theme of a literary work is its central
    message, concern, or purpose.
  • A theme can usually be expressed as a
    generalization, or general statement, about
    people or life. The theme may be stated directly
    by the writer although it is more often presented
    indirectly. When the theme is stated indirectly,
    the reader must figure out the theme by looking
    carefully at what the work reveals about the
    people or about life.

20
CINDERELLA
21
CINDERELLA
  • Setting long ago, the palace, the ball, a far
    away kingdom, the home of Cinderella's
    step-mother.
  • Characterization
  • Cinderella loving, kind, works hard, pretty,
    innocent, hero, cheerful, smart, happy.
  • Step-mother step-sisters jealous, mean, ugly,
    self-absorbed, villain, lazy, nasty.

22
CINDERELLA
  • Theme Work hard and good things come. What goes
    around comes around.
  • Plot
  • Exposition
  • As a child, Cinderella was happy. After her
    mother died, her father re-married a mean woman
    with two daughters. The step-mother gave her
    daughters everything and Cinderella nothing.

23
  • Rising Action
  • A messenger delivers an invitation to the ball.
    The step-mother tells Cinderella she can go if
    she finishes her chores. The Fairy Godmother
    gives Cinderella a dress and coach. Cinderella
    arrives at the ball and dances with the Prince.
    On the way out she drops her shoe.
  • Climax
  • The Prince finds Cinderella and puts the glass
    slipper on her foot. It fits!
  • Resolution
  • Cinderella and the Prince get married.

24
CINDERELLA
  • Conflict
  • Man vs. Man (Cinderella vs. step-mother and
    step-sisters).
  • Man vs. Nature (Cinderella vs. the stroke of
    midnight).

25
Conflict
  • Conflict is the struggle between opposing forces
    in a story or play. There are two types of
    conflict that exist in literature.

26
External Conflict
  • External conflict exists when a character
    struggles against some outside force, such as
    another character, nature, society, or fate.
  • Man vs. Society (The Monsters are Due on Maple
    Street)
  • Man vs. Man (Cinderella vs. step-mother and
    step-sisters)
  • Man vs. Nature (Cinderella vs. the stroke of
    midnight)

27
Internal Conflict
  • Internal conflict exists within the mind of a
    character who is torn between different courses
    of action.
  • Man vs. Himself (A Christmas Carol)

28
MOOD
  • Mood, or atmosphere, is the feeling created in
    the reader by a literary work or passage.
  • Writers use many devices to create mood,
    including images, dialogue, setting, and plot.
    Often, a writer creates a mood at the beginning
    of a work and then sustains the mood throughout.
    Sometimes, however, the mood of the work changes
    dramatically.

29
Imagery
  • Imagery is words or phrases that appeal to one or
    more of the five senses. Writers use imagery to
    describe how their subjects look, sound, feel,
    taste, and smell.

30
Flashback
  • A flashback is a literary device in which an
    earlier episode, conversation, or event is
    inserted into the sequence of events. Often
    flashbacks are presented as a memory of the
    narrator or of another character.

31
  • The movie Titanic is told almost entirely in a
    flashback.
  • What are some other films that contain flashback
    to help tell stories?
  • Holes
  • Willy Wonka
  • Think of some more

Flashback continued
32
Foreshadowing
  • Foreshadowing is the authors use of clues to
    hint at what might happen later in the story.
    Writers use foreshadowing to build their readers
    expectations and to create suspense. This is
    used to help readers prepare for what is to come.

33
Foreshadowing in Literature
  • Example
  • Scrooge wished he could rid himself of the sick
    feeling in his gut that told him something
    terrible was going to happen.

34
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
35
Figures of Speech
  • A figure of speech is a specific device or kind
    of figurative language, such as hyperbole,
    metaphor, personification, simile, or
    understatement.
  • Figurative language is used to state ideas in
    vivid and imaginative ways.

36
Simile
  • A Simile is another figure of speech that
    compares seemingly unlike things. Similes use
    the words like or as.
  • Examples Her voice was like nails on a
    chalkboard.
  • The metal twisted like a
    ribbon.
  • She is as sweet as candy.

37
Important!
  • Using like or as doesnt always make a
    simile.
  • A comparison must be made.
  • Not a Simile I like pizza.
  • Simile The moon is like a pizza.

38
Metaphor
  • A Metaphor is a type of speech that compares or
    equates two or more things that have something in
    common. A metaphor does NOT use like or as.
  • Examples Life is a bowl of cherries.
  • All the world is a stage.
  • Her heart is stone.

39
Personification
  • Personification is a figure of speech in which an
    animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given
    human qualities or characteristics.
  • Examples Tears began to fall from the
  • dark clouds.
  • The sunlight danced.
  • Water on the lake shivers.
  • The streets are calling me.

40
Alliteration
  • Alliteration is the repetition of sounds, most
    often consonant sounds, at the beginning of
    words. Alliteration gives emphasis to words.
  • Example Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled
    peppers

41
Onomatopoeia
  • A word that makes a sound
  • SPLAT
  • PING
  • SLAM
  • POP
  • POW

42
Juxtaposition
  • Juxtaposition is a literary technique in which
    two or more ideas, places, characters and their
    actions are placed side by side in a narrative or
    a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons
    and contrasts

43
What two images are juxtaposed here? What
is the same about these images? What is
different? Why did the artist want you to
compare these two images?
44
Juxtaposition in A Long Walk to Water
  • How did the author of A Long Walk to Water
    juxtapose Nya and Salva?

45
Quiz
  • On a separate sheet of paper
  • I will put an example of figurative language on
    the board.
  • You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor,
    personification, juxtaposition, or onomatopoeia.
  • You can use your notes.

46
1
  • He drew a line as straight as an arrow.

47
2
  • Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are
    kings and queens.

48
3
  • The sun was beating down on me.

49
4
  • A flag wags like a fishhook there in the sky.

50
5
  • Ravenous and savage from its long polar
    journey, the North Wind is searching for food

51
6.
  • The clouds smiled down at me.

52
7.
  • SPLAT!

53
8.
  • She is as sweet as candy

54
9.
  • The wheat field was a sea of gold.

55
10.
  • The streets called to him.

56
11.
  • POP!

57
12.
  • She was dressed to the nines.

58
13.
  • Your face is killing me!

59
14.
  • She was as white as a ghost.

60
15.
61
Figurative Language YouTube!
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vqPiVfdwAsUg
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