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English 11 Literary Terms

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Title: English 11 Literary Terms


1
English 11 Literary Terms
  • ArchetypesType

2
Hero/Heroine
  • The chief character in a work of literature.

3
Trickster
4
Faithful Companion
5
Outsider/Outcast
6
Rugged Individualist
7
Innocent
8
Villain
9
Caretaker
10
Earth Mother
11
Rebel
12
Misfit
13
English 11 Literary Terms
  • Dramatic Conventions

14
Stage Directions
  • Written notes within plays which explain
    movements, gestures, and appearance of actors or
    actresses in a play

15
Soliloquy
  • A character speaks directly to the audience
    (thinking aloud about motives, feelings, and
    decisions)

16
Monologue
  • A single person speaking, with or without an
    audience

17
Aside
  • A character speaks in such a way that some of the
    characters on stage do not hear what is said
    (while others do)

18
Verbal Irony
  • When someone states one thing and means another

19
Situational Irony
  • Contrast between what is expected to happen and
    what actually does happen
  • Ex. Someone who is loved commits suicide

20
Dramatic Irony
  • When readers know more about the situation than
    the characters do

21
Catharsis
  • Explains the effects of tragic drama on an
    audience

22
English 11 Literary Terms Cont.
23
Caricature
  • A grotesque or foolish image of a character,
    achieved through the exaggeration of personality
    traits

24
Foil
  • A minor character introduced in order to
    represent the abilities of a more significant
    character
  • (Ex.Millhouse serves as a foil to Bart Simpson.)

25
Tragedy
  • Traces the career and downfall of an individual

26
Voice
  • Clarifies the persona of the narrative

27
Figurative Literal Language
  • Figurative Language-an exaggeration
  • Literal Language-literally true

28
Imagery
  • All of the words which refer to the objects or
    qualities which appeal to the senses and feelings

29
Apostrophe
  • A rhetorical (not requiring a response) term for
    a speech addresses to someone or something in the
    beginning of a poem or essay
  • Clue When your parents ask, Who do you think
    you are? You are not supposed to respond.

30
Metonymy
  • The substitution of the name of a thing by the
    name of an attribute of it,
  • (Ex.the crown monarchy)

31
Synecdoche
  • A part is used to describe the whole.
  • Ex all hands on decksailors
  • All aboardboarding a train

32
Language English 11 Literary Terms Devices
33
Rhetorical Question
  • Not requiring a response

34
Tone
  • The manner or mood of a passage

35
Diction
  • Choice of words in a piece of work the kind of
    vocabulary that is used

i.e. Shakespearean language in a Shakespeare
play Slang is used in an Eminem movie
36
Dialect
  • The style and manner of speaking from one
    particular area
  • (Ex.New Yorkers are from New Yark)

37
Sarcasm
  • An ironical statement intended to hurt or insult
  • (ex. Brilliant, stated to a student who is
    clearly wrong.)

38
Elevated Language/Style
39
Satire
  • Literature which represents something in a
    comical sense, making it appear ridiculous

40
Parallelism
  • The building up of sentence or statement using
    repeated syntactic units (repeated words and
    sounds)

41
Colloquialism/Vernacular
  • The use of the kinds of expression and grammar
    associated with ordinary, everyday speech rather
    than formal language

Ex. Cool, Phat!
42
Connotation/Denotation
  • Connotation-emotional response evoked by a word
  • Ex. Kittensoft, warm, cuddly
  • Denotation-literal meaning
  • Ex. Kittenyoung cat

43
Pun
  • The use of a word in a way that plays on its
    different meanings.
  • Ex. The hungry gorilla went ape.

44
Irony
  • Contrast between appearance and actuality

45
Stream of Consciousness
  • Present the flow of a characters seemingly
    unconnected thoughts, responses, and sensations.

46
English 11 Literary Terms
  • Literary Forms

47
Gothic
  • Grotesque characters, bizarre situations, and
    violent events

48
Historical Fiction
  • Fiction that is loosely based on some historical
    period

49
Proverb
  • Short popular saying embodying a general truth
  • Ex. Look before you leap

50
Aphorism
  • A generally accepted principle or truth expressed
    in a short, witty manner
  • Ex. A rolling stone gathers no moss.

51
Epigram
  • Originally an inscription on a monumentnow used
    to describe a witty saying or poem with a sharp,
    satiric, or amusing ending
  • Ex In God We Trust

52
Tall Tale
  • Humorous story characterized by exaggeration
  • Ex Jack and the Beanstalk

53
English 11 Literary Terms
  • Poetry

54
Rhyme
  • Similarity of sound between two words

55
Meter
  • The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a
    line of poetry.

56
Foot
  • One stressed syllable indicated by a
  • Two stressed syllables indicated by a

57
Iamb
  • An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed
    syllable

58
Pentameter
  • Five feet

59
Stress
  • The accent is on a specific part of the word

60
Masculine Rhyme
  • The accent is on a specific part of the word, and
    stressed in a deep voice.

61
Blank Verse
  • A poem written in blank verse consists of
    unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.

62
Free Verse
  • Poetry that does not have regular patterns of
    rhyme and meter

63
Scansion
  • The process of determining meter when you scan a
    line of poetry, you mark its stressed and
    unstressed syllables to identify the rhythm

64
Inversion
  • Departure from normal word order, common in
    poetry

65
Alliteration
A sequence of repeated consonantal sounds in a
stretch of language Example Some late visitor
entreating entrance at my chamber door. (from
The Raven by Edgar Allen Poe)
66
Allusion
  • A passing reference in a work of literature to
    something outside itself.
  • Example Speak to my gossip VENUS one fair word.

67
Assonance
  • The correspondence, or near-correspondence, in
    two words of the stressed vowel, and sometimes
    those which follow, but not of the consonants
    (unlike rhyme).
  • Example Can and fat food and droop
  • Child and silence nation and traitor

68
Ballad
  • A poem or song which tells a story in simple,
    colloquial language.
  • Example O What is That Sound by W. H. Auden

69
Feminine Rhyme
  • A rhyme in which two differing sounds in two
    words are followed by stressed rhyming syllables
    and unstressed rhyming syllables
  • Example revival, survival, arrival

70
End Rhyme
  • Poetry that rhymes at the end of the line

71
Internal Rhyme
  • Poetry that rhymes in the middle of the line

72
Slant Rhyme
  • Words that sounds similar with a hint of a rhyme
    (inexact rhyme)
  • Example

73
Refrain
Repeating a Stanza Example Nevermore from
The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
74
Repetition
  • Repeating of words or sounds in poetry
  • Example May the warp be/May the weft be/May
    the border be (from the Song of the Sky Loom,
    a Navajo song)

75
Hyperbole
76
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