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Short Story Elements


Short Story Elements 9th Grade Literature Coach Hunt & Ms. Roberts – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Short Story Elements

Short Story Elements
  • 9th Grade Literature
  • Coach Hunt Ms. Roberts

Directions (Dont Copy This)
  • As we go through these slides over the next few
    weeks, were going to practice practical
    note-taking. When youre copying notes in your
    classes, you dont have to write down every word
    in fact its a huge waste of time and energy.
    For this PowerPoint, listen and read all the
    slides, but only copy what is underlined!

  • Definition The time and location in which a
    story takes place is called the setting.
  • Aspects of Setting to Consider
  • Place geographic location. Where is the action
    of the story taking place?
  • Time When is the story taking place (historical
    period, time of day, year, etc.)
  • Weather conditions Is it rainy, sunny, stormy,

Setting (Cont.)
  • Social Conditions What is the daily life of the
    characters like? Does the story contain local
    color (writing that focuses on the speech, dress,
    mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place)?
  • Mood or Atmosphere What feeling is created at
    the beginning of the story? Is it bright and
    cheerful or dark and frightening?

  • Definition The plot is how the author arranges
    events to develop his basic idea it is the
    sequence of events in the story or play. The
    plot is a planned, logical series of events
    having a beginning, middle and end. Short
    stories usually have one plot and can be read in
    one sitting.
  • There are 5 essential parts of plot

Plot Diagram
Elements of Plot
  • Exposition The beginning of the story where the
    characters and setting are revealed
  • Rising Action This is where the events of the
    story become complicated and the conflict of the
    story is revealed (events between introduction
    and climax)
  • Climax This is the highest point of interest
    and the turning point of the story. The reader
    wonders what will happen next will the conflict
    be resolved or not?

Elements of Plot (cont.)
  • Falling Action The events and complications
    begin to resolve themselves (events between the
    climax and resolution)
  • Resolution This is the final outcome or
    untangling of events in the story (also called

  • Without conflict there is no plot. It is the
    opposition of forces which ties one incident to
    another and makes the plot move. Conflict is any
    form of opposition that faces the main character.
    Within a short story there may be only one
    central struggle, or there may be one dominant
    struggle with many minor ones.

2 Types of Conflict
  • External A struggle with a force outside of
    ones self
  • Internal A struggle within ones self a person
    must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet
    their temper, resist an urge, etc.

4 Kinds of Conflict
  • Man vs. Man The leading character struggles
    with his physical strength against other men,
    forces of nature or animals.
  • Man vs. Circumstances The leading character
    struggles against fate, or the circumstances of
    life facing him/her.
  • Man vs. Society The leading character struggles
    against ideas, practices, or customs of other
  • Man vs. Self The leading character struggles
    with himself with his own soul, ideas of right
    and wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc.

  • Protagonist Clearly central to the story with
    all major events having some importance to this
  • Antagonist The person or force that opposes the
    main character.

  • You can characterize someone by
  • Their physical appearance
  • What they say, think, feel or dream
  • What the do or do not do
  • What others say about them and how others react
    to them

Types of Characterization
  • Static/Flat Character has one or two of his
    characteristics/qualities that never change and
    are emphasized
  • Dynamic/Round Many sided and complex

Point of View
  • First Person The story is told by the
    protagonist or one of the characters who
    interacts closely with the protagonist (using the
    pronouns I, me, we, etc.). The reader sees the
    story through this persons eyes as they
    experience, and only knows what the character
    knows, sees, or feels
  • Third Person The story is told by a narrator
    outside of the story and uses the pronouns he,
    she, they, etc. There are several different ways
    for authors to use 3rd person point of view. You
    will learn more about those next year.

  • Irony expressing something different from and
    often opposite to their literal meaning

3 Types of Irony
  • Situational When the opposite of what you
    expect happens Ex. The fire station burning down
  • Dramatic When the audience or reader knows more
    than the characters
  • Verbal Sarcasm. Saying one thing, but meaning
    the opposite

  • The theme in a piece of fiction is its
    controlling idea or its central insight. It is
    the authors underlying meaning and main idea that
    is trying to convey. The theme may be the
    authors thoughts about a topic or view of human
  • The lesson or moral of the story.

Examples of Theme
  • Things are not always as they appear
  • Love is blind
  • Be careful what you wish for
  • People are afraid of change
  • Dont judge a book by its cover

  • A symbol is a person, a place, an activity or an
    object that stands for something beyond itself.
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