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Literary Elements

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Literary Elements OBJECTIVES Identify elements of a short story Define elements of a short story Demonstrate mastery of short story elements OVERVIEW Short stories ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Elements


1
Literary Elements
2
OBJECTIVES
  • Identify elements of a short story
  • Define elements of a short story
  • Demonstrate mastery of short story elements

3
OVERVIEW
  • Short stories often contain structural and
    character elements that should be familiar to
    you.
  • These elements can be used as guides to help you
    think about the actions, themes, and contexts of
    the story.

4
Elements of a Short Story
  • Plot
  • - exposition statement
  • - rising action
  • conflict
  • - climax
  • - falling action
  • - resolution
  • Theme
  • Setting
  • Characters
  • Point of view
  • Characterization

5
THEME
  • The main idea of a literary work, usually
    expressed as a generalization.

SETTING
  • The time and place in which a work of literature
    happens.

6
Theme In literature, theme is a perception about
life or human nature that the writer wants to
share with the reader. In most cases, the theme
is not stated directly but must be
inferred. Themes can be revealed by - a storys
title - key phrases and statements about big
ideas - the ways the characters change and the
lessons they learn about life.
7
Setting time and place -puts the reader in the
story by giving the reader the feeling of
being in the situation. -creates atmosphere by
the positive or negative feelings associated
with the place.
8
CHARACTERS
  • The people (or actors) in the story.

POINT OF VIEW
  • The story teller from whose point of view the
    story is being told, the narrator.

9
CHARACTERIZATION
  • The description of the personalities of the
    characters in the story and the way in which an
    author reveals their personalities.

10
Methods of CharacterizationCreating Believable
Characters
  • Indirect
  • physical appearance
  • speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of the
    character
  • speech, thoughts, feelings, or actions of other
    characters
  • Direct
  • the narrators direct comments about a character

11
Point of View or . . . (Whos telling this story
anyway?) -the vantage point from which the story
is told. -determines how much we, the readers,
know about the characters.
12
  • 1st Person
  • Narrator is a character in the story.
  • Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I, me, my,
    we, us, our to refer to himself or herself.
  • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one
    character and speaks directly to reader.

13
  • 3rd Person Limited
  • Narrator does not participate in action of story.
  • Narrator does not refer to himself or herself.
  • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one
    character, but readers are able to maintain some
    emotional distance from the character.

14
  • 3rd Person Omniscient
  • Narrator does not participate in action of story.
  • Narrator does not refer to himself or herself.
  • Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all
    characters readers get insight into several
    characters.

15
PLOT
  • The sequence or order of events in a story. The
    plot includes
  • Exposition Statement - The part of the plot that
    tells how the story begins.
  • Rising Action - The action in the story leading
    up to the climax.
  • Conflict - Struggles or problems between opposing
    forces.

16
More PLOT
  • Climax - The point of crisis in the plot. It may
    be the readers point of highest interest.
  • Falling action - The action in the story after
    the climax is revealed.
  • Resolution - The part of the plot that reveals
    the final outcome.

17
PLOT DIAGRAM
Climax
Rising Action
Conflict
Falling Action
Exposition
Resolution
18
The plot of a short story centers around
conflict. Conflict is a struggle between
opposing forces. Complications build the readers
excitement.
19
  • Types of Conflict
  • External
  • -Man v Man
  • -Man v Nature
  • - Man v Fate
  • -Man v Obstacle or Society
  • Internal
  • -Man v Himself

20
Bibliography
  • Dinneen, K. Elements of the Short Story.
    Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, from
    Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
  • http//www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/
    units/1983/3/83.03.09.x.html

Five Elements of a Story. Retrieved Jun. 19,
2003, http//www.teachervision.com/lesson
-plans/lesson-2277.html
Guevin, D. Short Story Elements. Retrieved Jun.
19, 2003, http//www.uvm.edu/dguevi
n/Elements.html
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