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SHORT STORY ELEMENTS

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SHORT STORY ELEMENTS 1.Setting the place and TIME of the action of the story 2.Plot series of events in a story 3.External conflict struggle of man vs. man, man vs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SHORT STORY ELEMENTS


1
SHORT STORY ELEMENTS
2
  • 1.Setting
  • the place and TIME of the action of the story
  • 2.Plot
  • series of events in a story
  • 3.External conflict
  • struggle of man vs. man,
  • man vs. nature, man vs. machine,
  • or man vs. society

3
  • 4.internal conflict
  • is always man vs. himself-(man struggles mentally
    with opposing needs, desires, and emotions)
  • 5.protagonist
  • the main character
  • 6.antagonist
  • character or force that comes into contact with
    or against the protagonist

4
  • 7.exposition
  • the basic situation background of the story
  • 8.Rising Action- where the conflict intensifies
  • 9.Climax
  • the turning point in the story that affects the
    outcome of the story
  • 10.falling action
  • the part directly after the climax that gives
    explanation and is followed by the resolution
  • 11.resolution
  • occurs when all of the conflicts
  • are resolved

5
Plot at a Glance
climax falling action rising
action resolution exposition
6
  • 12.imagery
  • when a writer appeals to the readers senses
    (smell, sight, taste, sound, touch)
  • 13.irony-the difference between what is expected
    and reality in a negative way
  • 14.dramatic irony
  • when the reader knows
  • something in the story that
  • the other characters dont know

7
  • 15.foreshadowing
  • The use of clues that hint at
  • what is going to happen later
  • in the story
  • 16.tone
  • attitude a writer takes
  • toward a reader, subject,
  • or character

8
  • 17.motivation
  • persons reasons for doing
  • something or feeling a certain
  • way

9
  • 18.mood
  • The atmosphere created by a literary work

10
  • 19.Flat character
  • is not fully developed we know only one
  • side of the character.
  • 20.Static Character- This character
  • does not change throughout the story.
  • 21.Round character
  • is fully-developed, with many traits--bad and
    good--shown in the story.

11
  • 22.Dynamic character- This character changes.
  • 23. in media res
  • (means in the middle of things)-when an author
    begins in the middle of the story and fills in
    the background later

12
  • 24.point of view
  • the perspective of whoever is telling the story
  • Point of view types
  • First person - uses "I
  • Second person - uses "you" - The author speaks
    directly to the reader(rarely used today)
  • Third person - uses "he," "she," or "it"
  • Limited omniscient (type of 3rd person)- We are
    told the thoughts and feelings of only one
    character
  • Omniscient (type of 3rd person)We are told
    everything about the story, including the
    thoughts and feelings of all the characters

13
  • 25.diction
  • An author's choice of words
  • 26.symbolism
  • A device in literature where an object represents
    an idea. (Ex Neo in the Matrix represents a
    Christ-like figure.)
  • 27.flashback
  • A reference to an event which took place prior to
    the beginning of a story or play

14
27. Theme In literature, theme is a perception
about life or human nature that the writer wants
to share with the reader. Sometimes, it is a
lesson or moral. In most cases, the theme is not
stated directly but must be inferred. Themes can
be revealed by - a storys title - key phrases
and statements about big ideas - the ways the
characters change and the lessons they learn
about life.
15
  • Examples of Themes in Literature
  • Greed is the Root of all Evil
  • Love conquers all
  • Carpe Diem (seize the day)
  • Trust Yourself
  • The Power of Nature
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