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The Basic Elements of a Short Story

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The Basic Elements of a Short Story 9th Grade English I/Literacy Definition of a Short Story Tells about a single event or experience Fictional (not true) 500 to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Basic Elements of a Short Story


1
The BasicElements of a Short Story
  • 9th Grade English I/Literacy

2
Definition of a Short Story
  • Tells about a single event or experience
  • Fictional (not true)
  • 500 to 15,000 words in length
  • Can be read in one sitting
  • Few characters, one plot, one theme, one setting
  • Creates an impression on the reader

3
Basic Elements of a Short Story
  • Plot/Conflict
  • Character(ization)
  • Setting
  • Theme
  • Point of View

4
Short Story Elements
  • Plot The story line, or action of a narrative.
    Usually, plot is divided into five parts
  • Exposition
  • Complication (rising)
  • Climax
  • Denouement (falling)
  • Conclusion

5
Short Story Elements
  • Conflict The central source of tension and drama
    in the story.
  • Conflict is sometimes referred to as the story
    problem that must be solved
  • 4 common types of conflict ???

6
Short Story Elements
  • Characterization
  • The presentation of fictional beings as credible
    persons
  • Also, the particular methods of description,
    detail, action and dialogue that the author uses
    to make his or her characters believable.

7
Short Story Elements
  • Setting the environment in which a story takes
    place
  • Often times the storys action and characters are
    effected by setting both physically and
    psychologically
  • Ex large city vs. deserted island

8
Short Story Elements
  • Theme The central idea or main point of a
    literary work usually dealing with universal
    truths or human experience such as love, good vs.
    evil, life and death

9
Short Story Elements
  • Point of view The perspective from which the
    story is told and what the narrator sees from
    that vantage point.
  • Omniscient
  • Limited

10
Basic Elements of a Short Story
  • Plot/Conflict
  • Characterization
  • Setting
  • Theme
  • Point of View

11
Short Story
  • Great writers are able to use the elements of the
    short story with such precision that the reader
    is caught up in the action of the story. This is
    a trademark of a great author and story.

12
Goals for Our Short Story Unit
  1. You will identify which elements are intended to
    be very obvious by the authors throughout our
    unit.
  2. You will learn to distinguish the various points
    of view from which a story is told.
  3. You will learn about all of the previously
    mentioned short story elements.
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