Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations

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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations Fall of the Inca BUT ultimately, it was Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro that brought about the fall of the Inca Empire. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations


1
Maya, Aztec, and IncaCivilizations
2
Mesoamerica
  • Mesoamerica Mexico Central America

3
Mesoamerica
  • Some of the greatest civilizations in the
    Americas developed in Mesoamerica
  • The Maya and Aztec lived in the Mesoamerican
    region

4
How did people first get to the Americas?
  • Theory 1 Bering land bridge
  • Humans migrated into North America from Asia by
    crossing over a land bridge between Alaska and
    Siberia

5
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6
How did people first get to the Americas?
  • Theory 2 Coastal migration
  • Humans migrated to the Americas by crossing the
    seas, most likely the Pacific Ocean, and settling
    along the western coasts of the Americas

7
Where did the ancient Maya live?
  • The Maya settled on the Yucatan Peninsula in
    central America.
  • South and east Mexico
  • West Honduras
  • Guatemala
  • El Salvador
  • Belize

8
People
  • The Mayan were an advanced culture
  • Mayan civilization stopped around 900 A.D.
  • Archaeologists DO NOT KNOW WHY Maya civilization
    declined
  • Theory Around 900A.D. there was a severe
    drought. Many died due to starvation others
    migrated away.

9
Maya Religion
  • The Maya were polytheistic
  • The Maya practiced human sacrifice

10
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11
AccomplishmentsMaya Architecture
  • built towering temples and palaces
  • Ceremonial platforms, temples,
  • pyramids, observatories, ball courts
  • all built by the Maya

12
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13
Advances in learning
  • The Maya created a writing system of
    hieroglyphics
  • Best written language in Latin America
  • Math concepts of zero
  • 365-day calendar
  • Slash and Burn farming
  • Farming in flood plains

14
Maya today
  • more than 2 million Maya people live in
    Guatemala and southern Mexico today.

15
Maya Video Clip
  • http//www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID12203
  • This National Geographic video shows the Mayan
    Pyramids. It is part of the series Lost Temples
    and it tries to give an answer to the question
    "Why did the Maya abandon their magnificent city
    of Chichen Itza?" There is reference to Maya
    culture.

16
Aztecs
17
Where did the Aztecs live?
  • The Aztecs lived in what is now known as Modern
    Day Mexico City
  • It was the Aztec capital
  • Tenochtitlan (an island city)

18
Tenochtitlan
  • Tenochtitlan was the capital city of the Aztec
    Empire.

19
How did the Aztecs build a city in the center of
a lake?
  • Tenochtitlan was built on an island
  • It was connected to the mainland by causeways
    leading north, south, and west of the city.
  • The city was interlaced with a series of canals,
    so that all sections of the city could be visited
    either on foot or by canoe.

20
Tenochtitlan
  • Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City

21
People
  • Montezuma was the greatest ruler
  • Composed of tribes of warriors
  • Mexica tribe most dominant where Mexico took
    its name

22
Other Interesting FactsReligion Mythology
  • Aztecs were polytheistic
  • Huitzilopochtli was
  • the main Aztec god.
  • (weets se lo poch tlee)
  • The Aztecs built massive temples and
  • pyramids dedicated to their gods
  • To give the sun strength to rise
  • each day, human sacrifices were offered.

23
Religion Mythology
  • Pyramid of the Sun
  • Pyramid of the Moon

24
Accomplishments
  • Military strength
  • Chinampas floating gardens built in marshes to
    add farmland.
  • Grew maize, beans, squash, avocados, tomatoes and
    peppers

25
What happened to the Aztecs?
  • Spanish conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes
    conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztecs in
    1521.

26
Aztec Video Clips
  • Engineering An Empire
  • http//www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID6255
  • What the Ancients Did For Us
  • http//www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID10964

27
Inca
28
Where did the Inca live?
  • The Inca controlled an empire in the Andes
    Mountain region of South America.
  • Peru
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Bolivia
  • N. Chile
  • NW Argentina

29
People
  • People communicated by using runners messages
    sent over 150 miles per day

30
AccomplishmentsUniting the Empire
  • The Inca built a massive road network through
    mountains and across rivers and gorges.
  • Terraces flat land dug out
  • Of the side of a mtn. to create a
  • Farmland. Preventing erosion.
  • Irrigation canals
  • Stone roads
  • Stone cities Machu Picchu

31
Stonework
  • The Inca constructed stone temples without using
    mortars yet the stones fit together so well that
    a knife would not fit between the stones.

32
Other interesting Facts
  • The Inca were polytheistic.
  • The primary god was Inti, the sun god.
  • The Inca performed successful skull surgery.
  • The Inca also used medicines to make patients
    unconscious during surgery

33
What happened to the Inca?
  • Civil war in the empire broke out...
  • AND
  • Smallpox spread, killing much of the Inca

34
Fall of the Inca
  • BUT ultimately, it was Spanish conquistadors led
    by Francisco Pizarro that brought about the fall
    of the Inca Empire.

35
Inca Video Clip
  • http//www.watchknow.org/Video.aspx?VideoID2301
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