Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations

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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations Pre-Columbian Society in North and South America MesoAmerica Maya, then Aztecs = dominant civilizations built on the foundation of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations


1
Maya, Aztec, and Inca Civilizations
  • Pre-Columbian Society in North and South America

2
MesoAmerica
  • Maya, then Aztecs dominant civilizations
  • built on the foundation of earlier civilizations
    eg Olmec (the big head people)
  • Maize
  • Ball games
  • Temple pyramids/ritual human sacrifice
  • Astronomy/calendar

3
Aztecs greenMaya - brown
4
Maya
  • Height 600CE-900CE
  • Culturally united (NOT POLITICALLY)
  • City-states
  • Polytheistic
  • Nobles/Priests elite class
  • Innovative agriculture b/c of poor soil
    (chinampas, terraces, irrigation)
  • Glyph writing/zero
  • Downfall? Overtaxed environment, internal warfare

5
Maya Tikal
6
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7
Whats he up to?
8
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9
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10
Theatre Statetallest building in the Americas
until the Flatiron Bldg. in1903
11
Writing Styles
12
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13
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14
Aztecs
  • Height 1300CE-1500CE
  • Invading conquerors from N. Mexico
  • Tenochtitlan capital w/Emperor
  • Important families controlled outlying areas
  • Conquered people had to give tribute
  • Complex social hierarchy (nobles, priests, etc.)
  • Human sacrifice, often used to control populace
    which had been conquered by this migratory group

15
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18
Inca 1400s-1500s
  • South America (Andes Mts.)
  • Military expansionists
  • Governed territory of over 2,500 miles
  • Use of our friend, the Llama
  • Farmed potatoes on terraces
  • God-kings intermediaries b/t heaven and earth

19
Social Hierarchy
  • Aristocrats lived privileged lives (fine foods,
    embroidered clothes, and large ears spools)
  • Spanish called them big ears

Inca ear spools
20
Cuzco
  • Capital city
  • Connected to outlying areas by 16,000 m. of roads
  • Royal family ruled outlying areas
  • Tribute state - to Cuzco, emperor ensured
    everyone has what they need
  • Govt control trade, labor, detailed census,
    centralized econ, etc.

21
  • Taxes often paid in labor (mita)
  • Labor groups
  • ayllu extended family organized groups
  • NO writing used kipus!
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