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Early Latin American Civilizations

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Maya, Aztec, Inca The Maya ... weaving, and produced fine art. ... Worshipped Quetzalcoatl Offered human sacrifices to keep the sun god strong. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Latin American Civilizations


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Early Latin American Civilizations
  • Maya, Aztec, Inca

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The Maya established between 2000 BC - 250 AD,
reached height between 250 900 AD
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Where were the Maya?
  • The Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and other
    countries such as Guatemala, Belize, Honduras,
    and El Salvador

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What did the Maya do?
  • Among the most advanced peoples in the early
    Americas
  • Skilled architects and engineers (pyramids)
  • Writing system (hieroglyphs)
  • Astronomy predicted solar eclipses used an
    agricultural calendar (365 days for seasonal
    planting)
  • Math accounting system using the number zero.
  • Ballgame

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What did the Maya believe?
  • Polytheistic religion closely tied to agriculture
  • Human sacrifices

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How did the Maya fall?
  • Disease
  • Drought
  • Over farmed the land
  • Warfare
  • Lost faith in kings
  • Peasant revolt

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The Aztecs
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Where were the Aztecs?
  • Central Mexico
  • Main city Tenochtitlan

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What did the Aztecs do?
  • Architecture
  • Learned metalworking, weaving, and produced fine
    art.
  • Used calendars and mathematics
  • Military society where warriors earned prestige
    and power

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What did the Aztecs believe?
  • Worshipped Quetzalcoatl
  • Offered human sacrifices to keep the sun god
    strong.

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How did the Aztecs fall?
  • Hernan Cortes and the Spanish Conquistadors

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The Inca
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Where were the Incas?
  • Andes Mountains of South America
  • Capital city of Cuzco

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What did the Inca do?
  • Ruled vast empire of many peoples
  • Built fortresses, irrigation systems and roads.
  • Set up an education system to teach nobles the
    official language, Quechua.
  • Did not have a system of writing.
  • Used quipu, a series of knots on strings, to keep
    records

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What did the Inca believe?
  • Inti Sun god
  • Owned all land
  • It was their duty to conquer and unite all the
    land for Inti
  • Smaller-scale sacrifice
  • Machu Picchu

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How did the Inca fall?
  • Francisco Pizarro

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