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Religious Institutions

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Religious Institutions * * Religion and Society What is religion? A system of beliefs, rituals, and ceremonies Promotes community among followers Provides a personal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Religious Institutions


1
Religious Institutions
2
Religion and Society
  • What is religion?
  • A system of beliefs, rituals, and ceremonies
  • Promotes community among followers
  • Provides a personal spiritual experience for its
    members

3
The Great Transformation of Societies
  • In preindustrial societies, religion dominates
    all aspects of society.
  • In industrial societies, the institution of
    religion has become separated from many social
    and economic activities
  • Why do you think this is the case?

4
Function of Religion
  • What does religion do for people?
  • Gives them hope of something better than what
    they have now.
  • Gives answers to unknowing questions.
  • What happens when I die?
  • Why am I here?
  • What is the point to life?
  • Serves to bind people together in times of crisis
    and confusion

5
Social Change
  • How can religion contribute to social change?
  • Protestant work ethic
  • Disciplined commitment to worldly labor driven by
    a desire to bring glory to God
  • Shared by followers of Martin Luther and John
    Calvin
  • Do you think Religion teaches work ethic?
  • How?

6
Social Control
  • Can religion control society?
  • Yes?
  • Inhibits social change
  • Forces masses into submission by offering a
    consolation for their harsh lives on earth
  • Promotes social instability by perpetuating
    patterns of social inequality
  • Believers vs. Nonbelievers

7
Examples of Social Control by Religion
8
Examples of Social Control by Religion
9
Gender and Religion
  • Women have played fundamental role in religious
    socialization
  • However, they take subordinate role in religious
    leadership
  • Most religions are patriarchal
  • Leader is a male
  • Reinforce mens dominance in secular and
    spiritual matters
  • Women compose 12.8 percent of U.S. clergy

10
Characteristics of Religion
  • Beliefs
  • Ideas, based upon faith, that people consider
    true
  • The sacred
  • Sacred that which has supernatural qualities
  • Rituals
  • Routines that reinforce the faith
  • Moral communities
  • People who share a religious belief
  • Personal experience
  • Grants meaning to life

11
Americans Believe
12
3 Components of Religion
  • Denominations
  • Sects
  • Cults

13
Components of Religion
  • Denomination
  • Large, organized religion with strong support in
    the world
  • Christianity
  • Muslim
  • Judaism
  • Hinduism

14
Components of Religion
  • Sect
  • Relatively small religious group that has broken
    away from some other religious organization to
    renew what it considers the original vision of
    the faith
  • Protestants
  • Episcopalians
  • Church of Christ

15
Americans Religious Preferences
16
Components of Religion
  • Cult
  • Small, alternative faith community that
    represents either a new religion or a major
    innovation in an existing faith
  • Similar to sects
  • Tend to be small
  • Are often viewed as less respectable than more
    established faiths

17
Sects and Cults
  • Cults
  • Non-conventional religious group
  • Social conditions demand separation
  • Members required to withdraw from normal life
  • Full-time communal obligation for members

18
Christianity
  • Worlds largest religion
  • 2 largest branches
  • Roman Catholic
  • Pope is head of Church in Vatican City.
  • Protestant
  • Luther breaks away from Roman Catholic Church in
    16th century

19
Goal of Christianity
20
Judaism
  • Numerically smallest of world religions
  • Important beliefs
  • Gods chosen people
  • Torah first 5 books of the Bible oldest truths
    from God
  • Major divisions
  • Orthodox strictly traditional
  • Reform liberal and worldly
  • Conservative middle ground between Orthodox and
    Reform

21
Goals of Judaism
22
Hinduism
  • Largest of the Eastern religions
  • Concentrated largely in India
  • Important beliefs
  • Dharma special force that makes daily demands
    and sacred obligations
  • Comes from main God Shiva
  • Karma spirit remains through life, death,
    rebirth
  • Organization
  • Caste membership

23
Symbols of Hinduism
24
Buddhism
  • Large religion throughout Asia
  • Includes southeast Asian countries and China
  • Based upon teachings of Buddha (the enlightened
    one)
  • Only monks can spread his teachings
  • Important beliefs
  • To relieve human suffering one must follow a path
    that ultimately leads to enlightenment
  • Right thoughts and actions must be daily
    performed and evaluated through meditation

25
Buddhist Monks
26
Confucianism
  • Confucius
  • attempted to solve practical problems of daily
    living
  • Jen human sympathy that binds people in 5 basic
    relationships
  • Sovereign and subject
  • Parent and child
  • Older brother and younger brother
  • Husband and wife
  • Friend and friend

27
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28
Is religion bad?
  • Stunts intellectual growth
  • Spanish Inquisition
  • Arrested or killed any philosophers against
    Church.
  • Galileo
  • Enlightenment Movement in Europe.
  • Causes social inequality
  • Believers vs. nonbelievers
  • Denomination vs. Denomination

29
Is religion good?
  • Gives hope of something better!
  • Answers questions science fails to.
  • Gives us community spirit!
  • Not to mention cool holidays!
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