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Rels 205 Lecture 3.1 Religious Traditions

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Rels 205 Lecture 3.1 Religious Traditions Lecture Outline for Part One of Rels 205.01 Identified with a Tradition Tradition Great and Little Traditions Great and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rels 205 Lecture 3.1 Religious Traditions


1
Rels 205 Lecture 3.1Religious Traditions
2
Lecture Outline for Part One of Rels 205.01
Week 1 Lecture 1 What is Religion?Lecture 2
Studying Religion Week 2 Lecture 1 Ritual and
the Study of ReligionLecture 2 Religious and
Secular Traditions Week 3 Lecture 1 Religious
TraditionsLecture 2 Institutions Week 4 Lecture
1 The Meaning of MythLecture 2 Sacred
Sentiments Week 5 Lecture 1 Changing
WorldviewsLecture 2 Review Week 6 Reading
Week Week 7 Lecture 1 First in class test
3
Identified with a Tradition
4
Tradition
Tradition that which is handed down or passed
on from the past as distinct from modern ideas
and theories.
5
Great and Little Traditions
Robert Redfield (1897-1958)
Little traditions Experiential Oral
Great traditions Intellectual Written
6
Great and Little Traditions II
Great tradition Catholicism
Little tradition African religion
7
World Religions 1905
Sikhism 10,000,000
Judaism 10,000,000
Buddhism 50,000,000
African 157,000,000
Islam 205,000,000
Hinduism 210,000,000
Confucian 240,000,000
Christianity 520,000,000
8
World Religions 2005
Mormons 10,000,000
Jews 14,000,000
Sikhs 23,000,000
African 100,000,000
Buddhism 374,000,000
Chinese religions 394,000,000
Hinduism 9.000,000
Islam 1.2 billion
Christianity 2.1 billion
Christianity 2.1 billion
9
Major Religious Traditions
Primal Traditions Yogic Traditions Abramic
Traditions
10
Primal Experiences
Primal experiences are fundamental spiritual
experiences that shape our sense of the sacred
11
Ancestral Religions
Ancestral religions are religions that are
directly based on primal experiences involving
things like the ancestors and healing.
12
Primal Experiences and Ancestral Traditions
Primal Experiences Dreams Visions Prophecies Hea
lings Revelations Miracles Voices Ghosts
Primal Traditions African Religions Confucianism
Native American Traditions Shamanism New
Religions Revitalization Movements
13
Yogic Religions
Yogic religions are spiritual traditions based
on the practice of one of the many forms of
yoga. Yogic doctrines include karma, the wheel
of existence, and some form of transmigration or
reincarnation.
14
Yoga
In the West yoga is associated with physical
exercises and particular postures used in
meditation. Actually yoga is a Sanskrit term
meaning to yoke and is used to describe various
processes of spiritual discipline or harnessing
of physical and mental powers to attain
self-control and ultimate enlightenment.
15
Yogic Traditions
Hindu Traditions
Early Indian religions and Indus valley culture.
Jain Traditions
Buddhist Traditions
16
Major Yogic Traditions
17
Hindu Traditions
Indus valley religion
Early Hindu religion
Religions of devotion Bhakti
Philosophical Schools
Vedanta etc..
Hara Krishna etc.
18
The Hindu Tradition
19
Buddhist Tradition
Early Buddhism
Mahayana
Hinayana
Pure Land
Zen
Nicheren
20
Buddhism
21
Abramic Religions
Abramic religions trace their ancestry to the
patriarch Abraham. The major religions in this
grouping are Christianity, Islam and Judaism.
22
Major Abramic Traditions
Hebrew Religion
Christianity
Judaism
Islam
23
Abramic Religious Tradition
Christianity
T R A N S I T I O N
Hebrew Religion
Islam
African and other Judaisms
Judaism
Modernity
70 CE
70-250
BC 70-250AD 250-700AD 1785
24
Jewish Religious Traditions
BC 70-25 250-900 900-1700 CE
1700-Present AD
Z I O N I S M
Hebrew Religion
T R A N S I T I O N
African and other Judaisms
Talmudic Judaism
Classical Judaism
Reformed
Orthodox
Hasidic
Ethnic
C19 - Present
70-250
25
Judaism
26
The Christian Tradition
0-400 1500 1965 AD
E A R L Y C H U R C H
Coptic, Syriac, Indian, and other smaller
traditions
Eastern Orthodoxy Greek, Russian, etc.
Roman Catholicism
1965
Charismatic Movement
1520
Nestorians etc.
Protestantism
African and other Christian Movements
27
Christian Fundamentalism
28
Mainline Churches
29
Eastern Orthodoxies
30
The Islamic Tradition
BM 571-632 700- 765 900 1750
1889 1967 AD
Early IslamMuhammad (571-632)
Wahhabis Saudi Arabia
Sunni Islam Egypt, Turkey
Kharijtes - Yemen and Oman
Shiite Islam Iran -Khomeni
Qarmatins - Tunisia Egypt
Ismaili Shia Islam () Aga Kahn
Druzes 10th C Lebanon Israel
Ahamadiya India
31
Islam
32
The Yogic-Islamic Traditions
Yogic Religions
Sikhism (1500) Punjab, India
Bahai (1844) Iran
Subud (1933) Java
Islamic Traditions
33
The Canadian Situation
34
Canadian Religious Affiliation 1881-2001
P PopulationC Western ChristianN Nones
?E Eastern ChristianY Yogic
BuddhistHinduSikhM Islam
Blue 1991 Brown 1981 Green 1881
35
CND Religious Affiliation as of Population
1991 1891
36
Eastern Christian-Muslim Affiliation 1991
Red Eastern Christian Green Muslim
37
Millennialism
Millennium 1,000 years Revelation 20, n.b. vs.
2
38
Millennialism defined
  • Any religious movement that hopes for salvation
    that is
  • collective, to be enjoyed by all the faithful as
    a group
  • (b) terrestrial, to be realized on this earth
  • (c) imminent, to come soon and suddenly
  • (d) total, to transform life on earth completely
  • (e) miraculous, to be brought about by, or with
    the help of, supernatural agencies.

39
A New Heaven and a New Earth
40
Paradise on Earth
Revelation 211-4
41
Restoration
42
Millennial Movements
Christian End of the world is nigh Buddhist
Maitraya Islamic Madhi
43
Millennial Types
Post-millennialism A-millennialism Pre-millennia
lism
44
Traditional Eschatology Post-Millenialism
Eschatology study of the last
things Post-Millenialism Christ returns after
the millennium
45
Key Post- Millennial Ideas
1) Preach gospel of the Kingdom of God 2)
Establish the Kingdom 3) World is getting
better 4) Christ returns at the end of time 5)
The Church is the new Israel
46
A- Millennialism
47
Key A-Millennial Ideas
  • All doctrines must be based on clear Biblical
    statements.
  • 2) The Bible uses many different forms of
    language
  • e.g. poetic, historical, prophetic, prose, etc.
  • 3) The Bible teaches Christ will return.
  • 4) The Bible teaches Christians to live in the
    expectation
  • of Christs return.
  • 5) There are no clear teachings about when Christ
    will
  • return or how this is going to take place.

48
Pre-Millennialism
Pre-Millennial Christ returns before the
Millennium
49
Key Pre-Millennial Ideas
1) Preach the gospel of salvation 2) Save
souls 3) World is getting worse 4) Christs
return is imminent 5) The State of Israel fulfils
Biblical prophecy
50
Pre-millennialism - Origins
Plymouth Brethren
John Nelson Darbys (1800-1882)
51
Dispensationalism
52
Judge C. I. Schofield (1843-1921)
Schofield Reference Bible (1909)
Dispensationalism
53
Schofields Scheme
54
Christian Zionism by Don Lewisand
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