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Designing the Microbial Research Commons: An International Symposium Overview

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Designing the Microbial Research Commons: An International Symposium Overview National Academy of Sciences Washington, DC October 8-9, 2009 Cathy H. Wu – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Designing the Microbial Research Commons: An International Symposium Overview


1
Designing the Microbial Research Commons An
International SymposiumOverview



  • National Academy of Sciences
  • Washington, DC
  • October 8-9, 2009
  • Cathy H. Wu
  • University of Delaware
  • Georgetown University Medical Center

2
Designing the Microbial Research Commons



  • Board on Research Data and Information
  • Policy and Global Affairs Division
  • National Academy of Sciences
  • In collaboration with
  • Board on Life Sciences
  • and
  • Board on International Scientific Organizations
  • National Academy of Sciences

3
http//www.national-academies.org/brdi  
4
Broad Impact of Digital DataMaximize Digital
Data Access and Utility
  • Value Proposition of Digital Scientific Data
  • All elements of the pillars of science
    observation, experiment, theory, and modeling
    are transformed by the continuous cycle of
    generation, access, and use of an ever-increasing
    range and volume of digital data.
  • Re-use and re-purposing of digital scientific
    data have dramatic benefits.
  • Need for Data Infrastructure
  • Enhanced capabilities for finding, using, and
    integrating information accelerate the pace of
    discovery and innovation.
  • Scientific information in an accessible and
    interoperable digital environment has the
    characteristics of a public good. Digital access
    has a catalytic effect, multiplying the value of
    information through repeated use by a wide
    variety of users in a diversity of settings and
    applications.

5
Objectives
  • Develop a set of design principles that address
    the economic, legal, and institutional dimensions
    of the transformation of the existing research
    infrastructure into what could become a globally
    distributed and digitally integrated research
    commons.
  • Discuss models to lower the transaction costs and
    support access to and use of microbiological
    materials and digital resources from the
    perspective of publicly funded research,
    public-private interactions, and developing
    country concerns
  • Research and applications in energy and
    environment
  • Models for scientific communities in other fields

6
New Biology Initiative
  • A New Biology for the 21st Century Ensuring the
    United States Leads the Coming Biology
    Revolution, National Research Council, 2009.
  • The NRC called for a national, federally-funded,
    decade-long interagency effort to harness new and
    coming biological technologies and information to
    create a New Biology initiative that would
    integrate computer science, engineering,
    chemistry, and other sciences to address issues
    of global concern.
  • The aim is to accelerate new breakthroughs that
    could solve some of society's most pressing
    problems particularly in the areas of food,
    environment, energy, and health.
  • The committee recommended that within the new
    initiative priority be given to developing new
    information technologies and sciences that will
    be critical to the success of the New Biology. Of
    particular interest is to use the massive amounts
    of data generated from recent biological advances
    in an interdisciplinary and interagency
    initiative.

7
Task Statement (I)
  • Delineate the research and applications
    opportunities from improved integration of
    microbial data, information, and materials and
    from enhanced collaboration within the global
    microbial community.
  • Identify the global challenges and barriersthe
    scientific, technical, institutional, legal,
    economic, and socioculturalthat hinder the
    integration of microbial resources and the
    collaborative practice of scientific communities
    in the microbial commons.
  • Characterize the alternative legal and policy
    approaches developed and implemented by other
    research communities, such as common-use
    licensing for scientific data and information,
    standard-form material transfer agreements, open
    access publishing, and open data networks, that
    could be applied successfully by the microbial
    research community.

8
Task Statement (II)
  • Define the contributions of new information and
    communication technology tools in building
    federated information infrastructures, such as
    ontologies, data and text mining, and web 2.0.
  • Discuss and evaluate the institutional design and
    governance principles of data and information
    sharing among information infrastructures,
    drawing upon and analyzing successful and failed
    case studies in the life sciences.
  • Identify the range of policy issues that need to
    be addressed for maximizing open access to
    materials, data and literature information in an
    integrated microbial research commons.

9
Program Outline (I)

  • Research Perspective Opportunities and Barriers
  • Value Proposition
  • Digital Science, Industrial, Developing Country
    Perspectives
  • Promoting Access to and Reuse of Microbial
    Materials
  • Materials Semicommons
  • Culture Collections
  • Legal and Economic Perspectives
  • Promoting Access to and Reuse of Digital
    Knowledge Resources
  • Digital Commons
  • Web Applications, Web Information Services
  • Legal, Federal Information Policy, Academic
    Publications


10
Program Outline (II)

  • Thematic Focus on Microbiology Research and
    Applications in Energy and Environment
  • Materials Semicommons
  • Research and Applications
  • International Cooperation, Intergovernmental
    Organization, Institutional Design
  • Digital Commons
  • Research and Applications
  • Academic Journals, Standardization, Economic and
    Institutional
  • Governance of the Integrated Microbiology Commons
  • Institutional Design, US Foreign Policy,
    International Food and Agriculture, CBD
    (Convention on Biological Diversity)


11
Plenary SessionResearch Perspective
Opportunities and Barriers

  • 900 Microbiology in the 21st Century
  • Joan Bennett, Rutgers University
  • 940 Digital Science Perspective
  • Mark Ellisman, UC San Diego
  • 1010 Coffee Break
  • 1040 Industrial Perspective
  • Stephen McCormack, Exela, Claremont, CA
  • 1110 Developing Country Perspective
  • Ashok Kolaskar, University of Pune, India
  • 1140 Panel discussion Opportunities and
    Barriers
  • Commonalities and potential conflicts among
    different sectors

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