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EGYPT

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EGYPT 6TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES LAND-MAJOR AREAS Nile River Valley Sinai Peninsula Deserts NILE RIVER VALLEY Lifeline of Egypt is the Nile River. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EGYPT


1
EGYPT
  • 6TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES

2
LAND-MAJOR AREAS
  • Nile River Valley
  • Sinai Peninsula
  • Deserts

3
NILE RIVER VALLEY
  • Lifeline of Egypt is the Nile River.
  • Nile River supplies 85 of the countrys water.
  • The Nile River is 4,180 miles in length.

4
SINAI PENINSULA
  • Sinai Peninsula lies southeast of the Nile Delta.
  • Major crossroads between two continents-Africa
    and Asia.

5
DESERTS
6
DESERTS
  • Most of Egypt is desert.
  • 2 deserts occupy most of Egypt Libyan and
    Arabian.
  • The Libyan desert covers two-thirds of Egypts
    land area.
  • The Libyan and Arabian deserts are parts of the
    Sahara desert, one of the largest deserts in the
    world.

7
ECONOMY
  • Since the 1950s the Egyptian economy has grown
    considerably.
  • Two areas that influence the economy the most are
    Agriculture and Industry.

8
AGRICULTURE
  • 4 of Egypts land is used for farming.
  • Best farmland is along the fertile Nile River
    valley.
  • Most farmers have small plots of land.
  • Cotton, dates, vegetables, sugarcane, and wheat.
  • Irrigation, modern tools, and farming methods
    from their ancestors are used to help them.
  • Cotton is Egypts leading agricultural export.

9
INDUSTRY
  • Largest industrial centers are the capital city
    of Cairo and the seaport of Alexandria.
  • Industries were aided by the creation of the
    Aswan High Dam.
  • Aswan High Dam provides hydroelectric power from
    moving water.
  • The Dam also allowed farmers, or fellahin, to
    produce more than one crop a year.

10
INDUSTRY-CONTINUED
  • Egyptian factories produce mainly food products,
    textiles, and consumer goods.
  • Consumer goods/ household goods include clothing,
    shoes, and everyday common items.
  • Oil ranks as the countrys most important natural
    resource and a major export.

11
PEOPLE
  • Most Egyptians live within 20 miles of the Nile
    River.
  • 99 of Egypts population live on only 3.5 of
    the land.
  • 43 of Egypts people live in rural areas.
  • Rural farmers are called fellahin.
  • Most farmers rent their small plot of land.
  • Farmers raise enough crops to feed their family.
    Anything left over they take it to sell at the
    market, or bazaar.
  • Egypts large cities offer a different kind of
    life.
  • Cairo is Egypts capital.
  • 11 million people
  • Cities life is increasing for two reasons.
  • Egypt has a high birthrate.
  • Many farmers move from rural areas to the cities
    to find work.

12
INFLUENCES OF THE PAST
  • Egyptians has a long and fascinating history.
  • Pyramids, pharaohs, kings, and hieroglyphs.
  • HIEROGLYPHS, or picture symbols, were used by the
    Egyptians for writing.

13
DEFINITION
HIEROGLYPHICS- PART OF THE EGYPTIAN ALPHABET
USED TO COMMUNICATE MESSAGES.
14
HIEROGLYPHIC ALPHABET
15
CARTOUCHE
16
CARTOUCHES FOR KINGS OF EGYPT
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