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Egypt

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Egypt Dates and Places: 3500-1000BCE Nile River Valley Prehistory Prehistory People: Divine rulers Agriculture Hieroglyphic writing system Polytheism – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egypt


1
Egypt
  • Dates and Places
  • 3500-1000BCE
  • Nile River Valley

Prehistory Prehistory
  • People
  • Divine rulers
  • Agriculture
  • Hieroglyphic writing system
  • Polytheism

Great Pyramids, ca. 2551-2528BCE. Fig. 1-1.
2
Egypt
  • Themes
  • Gods
  • Rulers
  • Life and death
  • Offerings
  • Forms
  • Stone and mud brick construction
  • Natural and conceptual treatments of figures
  • Registers of space
  • Hierarchy of scale

Thutmose, Nefertiti, ca. 1353-1335BCE. Fig. 1-34.
3
Egypt Predynastic Period
Palette of King Narmer, ca. 3000-2920BCE. Fig.
1-22
4
Egypt Predynastic Period
  • Example
  • Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
  • Divine ruler and gods
  • Symbols of authority
  • Hieroglyphs
  • Hierarchy of scale
  • Composite view

Palette of King Narmer, ca. 3000-2920BCE. Fig.
1-22
5
Egypt Early Dynastic Period
Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precint of
Djoser, 2630-2611BCE. Fig. 1-24.
6
Egypt Early Dynastic Period
  • Example
  • Funerary precinct
  • Burial pyramid and temples
  • Pyramid based on mastaba
  • Symbol of kings godlike power
  • First named artist in recorded history

Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precint of
Djoser, 2630-2611BCE. Fig. 1-24.
7
Egypt Old Kingdom
Great Pyramids, ca. 2551-2528BCE. Fig. 1-1.
8
Egypt Old Kingdom
  • Example
  • Funerary precinct with burial pyramids and
    temples
  • Pyramid symbol of god Re
  • Testifies to kings power
  • Masonry construction with internal chambers
  • Stone facing reflected sun

Great Pyramids, ca. 2551-2528BCE. Fig. 1-1.
9
Egypt Old Kingdom
Menkaure and Khamerernebty(?), ca. 2490-2472BCE.
Fig. 1-27.
10
Egypt Old Kingdom
  • Example
  • Sculpture for kings temple
  • Home for kings ka
  • Symbols of rulership
  • Ideal proportions of godlike king
  • Timeless double portrait
  • Typical Egyptian pose
  • Queens pose indicates marriage

Menkaure and Khamerernebty(?), ca. 2490-2472BCE.
Fig. 1-27.
11
Egypt New Kingdom
Restored view of the temple of Amen-Re, Karnak,
begun 15th century BCE. Fig. 1-31
12
Egypt New Kingdom
  • Example
  • Temple complex for god Amen-Re
  • Along Nile River
  • Symbolic architecture and landscape design
  • Pylon temple on symmetrical axis
  • Restricted access to hypostyle hall

Restored view of the temple of Amen-Re, Karnak,
begun 15th century BCE. Fig. 1-31
13
Egypt New Kingdom
Thutmose, Nefertiti, ca. 1353-1335BCE. Fig. 1-34.
14
Egypt New Kingdom
  • Example
  • Brief period of monotheism and political change
  • Influential queen
  • Named sculptor
  • Rejection of artistic tradition?
  • Ideal beauty over true likeness
  • Inlaid eyes

Thutmose, Nefertiti, ca. 1353-1335BCE. Fig. 1-34.
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