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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt Geography of Egypt Surrounded by deserts on either side. Very little rainfall. The Nile River Valley Waters of Nile come from the meeting of the White ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
2
Geography of Egypt
  • Surrounded by deserts on either side.
  • Very little rainfall.

3
The Nile River Valley
  • Waters of Nile come from the meeting of the
    White Nile and the Blue Nile.
  • Depended on the flooding of the Nile to produce
    fertile soil for agriculture.

4
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5
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6
Nile Delta
  • Where the Nile River empties into the
    Mediterranean Sea.
  • largest area of fertile land in Egypt.
  • As a result, much of Egypts history is found
    here.

7
Deserts
  • Nile Valley is sandwiched between the Western
    Desert and the Eastern Desert.

8
Western Desert
9
Deserts
  • The deserts created protection from invasion.
  • Insulated Egyptians from outside influences.
  • Sources of minerals and building supplies -
    copper, gold, tin, limestone and natron - the
    drying agent used in mummification process.

10
The Mediterranean Sea
  • Egypts major outlet for trade.
  • Allowed Egypt to obtain a wide variety of goods.

11
Egypts Ancient History
  • Divided into three kingdoms
  • Old - 2686 - 2150 BCE
  • Middle - 2050 - 1700 BCE
  • New - 1550 - 1070

12
Prior to 3100 BCE
  • Egypt was divided into Upper Egypt (southern) and
    Lower Egypt (northern).
  • Collection of unorganized societies.
  • White crown represented Upper Egypt.
  • Red crown represented Lower Egypt.

13
King Menes
  • United Upper and Lower Egypt in 3100 BCE.
  • Red and white crown symbolizes their unity.

14
Old Kingdom 2686-2150 BCE
  • Acquired tremendous wealth in material goods and
    new ideas through trade in Mediterranean.
  • Mined copper in the Sinai Peninsula.
  • Timber from Syria.
  • Wine and oil from Crete.
  • Potters wheel from Mesopotamia.

15
Imhotep
  • First individual (non-ruler) whose life has been
    recorded and passed on through history.
  • Called an Egyptian Genius.
  • Founded Egyptian system of medicine.
  • Designed and supervised the building of the first
    stone building and first pyramid.
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