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Unit 9 World wide web technology: what

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Title: Unit 9 World wide web technology: what


1
Unit 9 World wide web technology whats hot and
whats not?
2
Contents
  • Pre-reading questions
  • Background information
  • Structure analysis
  • Comprehension questions
  • Language points of Text I
  • Grammatical items
  • Exercises
  • Comprehension questions of Text II
  • Oral activities
  • Writing practice

3
Text I World wide web technology whats hot and
whats not?
  • Pre-reading questions
  • 1.You must be surfing on the Internet now and
    then. How do you feel about the world when
    surfing at the web side?
  • 2.What role does the Internet play in your study
    and life?

4
Background Information ( 1 )
  • Now we are living in the "Age of Information" and
    experiencing technological leaps. Because the
    Internet contains a wealth of information, you
    will unlock the mystery of the people and
    companies that are responsible for their advances
    through the World Wide Web. Tim Berners-Lee, the
    inventor of the World Wide Web, has been hailed
    by time magazine as one of the 100 greatest minds
    of this century.

5
Background Information ( 2 )
  • His creation has already changed the way
    people do business, entertain themselves,
    exchange ideas, and socialize with one another.
    With new online businesses and communities
    forming every day, the full impact of
    Berners-Lee's grand scheme has yet to be fully
    known. Berners-Lee's creation was fueled by a
    highly personal vision of the Web as a powerful
    force for social change and individual
    creativity.

6
Background Information ( 3 )
  • He has never profited personally from the Web
    but has devoted himself to its continued growth
    and health. Now, this low-profile genius tells
    his own story of the Web's origins-from its
    revolutionary introduction and the creation of
    the now ubiquitous WWW and HTTP acronyms to how
    he sees the future development of this
    revolutionary medium.

7
Background Information ( 4 )
  • Today, Berners-Lee continues to facilitate the
    Web's growth and development as director of the
    World Wide Web Consortium and from his position
    at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science.
    Berners-Lee offers insights to help readers
    understand the true nature of the Web, enabling
    them to use it to their fullest advantage.

8
Background Information (5)
  • He shares his views on such critical issues
    as censorship, privacy, the increasing power of
    software companies in the online world, and the
    need to find the ideal balance between the
    commercial and social forces on the Web.

9
Background Information (6)
  • His incisive criticism of the Web's current
    state makes clear that there is still much work
    to be done. Finally, Berners-Lee presents his own
    plan for the Web's future, one that calls for the
    active support and participation of programmers,
    computer manufacturers, and social organizations
    to make it happen.

10
Structure analysis ( 1 )
  • Part I (Paragraphs 1)
  • This paragraph epitomizes the advantages or
    benefits of the World Wide Web the Web is like
    one great big library with all the books or
    various kinds of information available to you
  • Questions
  • 1) Does the web contain different kinds of books?
  • 2) Summarize the benefits the World Wide Web
    offers?

11
Structure analysis ( 2 )
  • Part II (Paragraphs 2 to 8)
  • These seven paragraphs, making up the body of the
    text, illustrate and exemplify the advantages and
    undesirable aspects of the Internet and the Web.

12
Structure analysis ( 3 )
  • Questions
  • 1) Which of these paragraphs illustrate the
    benefits of the Internet and the Web?
  • 2) What undesirable things are seen wrong with
    the Internet
  • 3) what is the writers opinion about the
    Internet phenomenon?

13
Structure analysis ( 4 )
  • Part III (Paragraphs 9)
  • The paragraph, the conclusion of the essay,
    draws attention to the writers eagerness to be
    able to dispose of all of his junk mail,
    catalogues, etc, by locating them in his computer
    so that he can easily find the things by
    accessing the Web.

14
Structure analysis ( 5 )
  • Questions
  • 1) What is the writer anxious to be able to
    do?
  • 2) What does the last paragraph imply?

15
Comprehensive questions ( 1 )
  • Decide which of the following best states the
    author's purpose of writing.
  • A. To emphasize the merits of World Wide Web
    technology.
  • B. To complain about the net speed.
  • C. To marvel at the ever-increasing rate of
    commercials on net.
  • D. To comment on the role World Wide Web
    plays in life and work.

16
Comprehensive questions ( 2 )
  • Answer the following questions
  • 1. what is the Web compared to at the beginning
    of the article?
  • It is compared to a library. ( Paragraph 1 )

17
Comprehensive questions ( 3 )
  • 2. Which is faster to get the music the author
    wanted, from the office next door or on a web
    site from France?
  • It is faster to get the music on a web site from
    France. ( Paragraph 2 )

18
Comprehensive questions ( 4 )
  • 3. How did the author conclude from a national
    radio news broadcast?
  • He found the solution to his problem from the
    web sites frequently asked questions page.
  • 4. What did the author conclude from a national
    radio news broadcast?
  • He concluded that commercial action on the
    Internet is growing at an ever increasing rate.

19
Comprehensive questions ( 5 )
  • 5. What is suggested about the students request
    for a letter of recommendation?
  • It is suggested that almost everything be found
    on the Internet.

20
Comprehensive questions ( 6 )
  • 6. In what area does the author see wrong with
    the Internet as it currently exists?
  • They are lack of bandwidth, evolving standards,
    low interactivity, the current economic model,
    growing pains, passwords, etc.

21
Language points of Text ?( 1 )
  • 1.. access
  • (1) v. succeed in finding or obtaining
    information from a computer's memory
  • In modem times it is easy and convenient to
    access various kinds of information from a
    computer's memory.
  • (2) n. means, right, or opportunity to use,
    reach, or enter
  • It is quite important for students to have easy
    access to books in their studies.

22
Language points of Text ?( 2 )
  • 2.. pile make a pile of load, fill or cover
    plentifully
  • He piled the boxes one on top of another.
  • The little boy was piling up his building blocks.
  • He piled the spaghetti onto his plate.
  • The cart was piled high with fruit and vegetables.

23
Language points of Text ?( 3 )
  • 3. click
  • strike or move with a slight sharp sound
  • She clicked her fingers in time to the music.
  • The soldiers clicked their heels together.
  • make a slight sharp sound, esp. as a result of
    movement
  • The bolt clicked into place. /The door clicked
    shut.

24
Language points of Text ?( 4 )
  • 4.. paste
  • Here in the text the word paste means an action
    of pasting. Normally, paste as a noun means a
    soft sticky mixture of powder and liquid that is
    easily shaped or spread, or a thin mixture of
    flour and water used for sticking paper together
    or onto other surfaces. Add water to the powder,
    stir them into a paste, and fill the cracks with
    it. Posts about the jazz concert were stuck up on
    walls with paste all over the university.

25
Language points of Text ?( 5 )
  • 5. word processor a purpose-built computer
    system for electronically storing texts entered
    from a keyboard, incorporating corrections, and
    providing a printout
  • There is a word processor in each computer.

26
Language points of Text ?( 6 )
  • 6. slight small in degree not considerable or
    noticeable
  • There's been a slight change in the plans.
  • There is a slight pain in my stomach.
  • I didn't have the slightest idea about what you
    said.
  • 7. font a set of types of one face or size

27
Language points of Text ?( 7 )
  • 8. serve (1) do work for-, give service to
  • He has served the company for 50 years, first as
    office boy and eventually as managing director.
  • Membership is restricted to serving officers in
    the armed forces.

28
Language points of Text ?( 8 )
  • (2) offer (food, drinks, a meal, etc. ) for
    eating or drinking
  • Could you all come to the table? We are ready to
    serve.
  • What time is breakfast served in this hotel?

29
Language points of Text ?( 9 )
  • (3) be good enough or suitable for a purpose
  • One room had to serve for both bedroom and living
    room.
  • This incident serves as a reminder of how
    dangerous these weapons really are

30
Language points of Text ?( 10 )
  • 9. version a slightly different form, copy, or
    style of an article-, a form of written or
    musical work that exists in more than one form
  • This dress is a cheaper version of the one we saw
    in that shop.
  • Did you read the whole book or only the abridged
    version?

31
Language points of Text ?( 11 )
  • 10. figure
  • 1) appear take an esp. important or noticeable
    part
  • His name did not figure in the list of those who
    had received awards.
  • The vice president figured prominently in the
    peace negotiations.

32
Language points of Text ?( 12 )
  • (2) consider or believe calculate come to
    understand
  • I figured that you would want to see me about it.
  • I still cannot figure it it's a mystery.

33
Language points of Text ?( 13 )
  • 11. amazing causing great surprise or wonder,
    esp. because of quantity or quality
  • That new car goes at an amazing speed.
  • It's quite amazing that he should be so unaware
    of what's going on.

34
Language points of Text ?( 14 )
  • 12. occasion
  • (1) a time when sth. happens a suitable or
    favorable time On that occasion I was not at
    home. This is hardly the occasion for a family
    argument.
  • (2) a special event or ceremony
  • The opening of a new school is always a great
    occasion.

35
Language points of Text ?( 15 )
  • (3) a direct cause or reason
  • His remark was the occasion of a bitter quarrel.
    There was no occasion for you to be so rude.

36
Language points of Text ?( 16 )
  • 13. challenging needing the full use of one's
    abilities and effort difficult and interesting
  • We must be ready to cope with challenging
    problems. She finds her new job very challenging.

37
Language points of Text ?( 17 )
  • 14. drive equipment that contains and runs a
    disk or tape
  • What is the problem with the disk drive?
  • The seventh read-write head on the disk drive is
    malfunctioning.
  • 15. manufacturer s a firm that manufactures
    goods
  • The washing machine didn't work, so we sent it
    back to the manufacturer.

38
Language points of Text ?( 18 )
  • 16. get through
  • ( 1 ) (cause or help) to pass pass through, or
    come successfully to the end of We were all
    delighted when we heard that you'd got through
    your exam.
  • Her mother's support got her through her
    depression.

39
Language points of Text ?( 19 )
  • (2) complete or use up the whole of
  • We got through a whole chicken at one sitting.
  • They won one million dollars, but they got
    through the whole lot in less than 5 years.
  • (3) (esp. in AmE) finish
  • When you get through with your work, let's go
    out. I haven't got through with my work yet, so I
    have to continue.

40
Language points of Text ?( 20 )
  • 17. for sure certainly surely without any
    doubt
  • She won't lend you any money, and that's/or sure.
  • 18. intriguing fascinating very interesting
    esp. because of some strange quality
  • What an intriguing story!
  • She is such an intriguing woman!

41
Language points of Text ?( 21 )
  • 19. under way moving forward
  • The great ship got under way.
  • Our project is now well under way.
  • 20. marvel be filled with great wonder,
    surprise, admiration, etc.
  • we all marveled at his remarkable achievements.
  • The onlookers marveled that he was unharmed
    after such a long fall..

42
Language points of Text ?( 22 )
  • 21.locate
  • (1)find the position of
  • We have located the source of the signals.
  • Can you locate your hometown on this world map?
  • (2)situate fix and set in a certain place
  • Shaoxing is located between hangzhou and Ningbo.

43
Language points of Text ?( 23 )
  • 22.potential possibility for developing or being
    favorably developed
  • This new invention has enormous sales
    potential.
  • He is a potential player with great potential.

44
Language points of Text ?( 24 )
  • 23. Proceed on an exciting course advance or
    move along an exciting path begin or continue in
    an exciting direction
  • Proceed
  • (1)begin or continue in a course of action or set
    of actions

45
Language points of Text ?( 25 )
  • The project is proceeding according to the plan.
  • He paused to consult his notes, and then
    proceeded with his questions.
  • The director said he liked my scheme very much,
    and then proceeded to tear it to bits.

46
Language points of Text ?( 26 )
  • (2) advance move in a particular direction
  • According to the policeman's report, the stolen
    car was proceeding in the southern direction.
  • Passengers for the New York flight should how
    proceed to Gate 25.

47
Language points of Text ?( 27 )
  • 24. course
  • (1) the path along which sth. happens direction
    of movement taken by sb. or sth. The plane
    changed its course to avoid the storm. The ship
    was blown off course.

48
Language points of Text ?( 28 )
  • (2) continuous movement from one point to another
    in space or time The enemy should be defeated in
    the course of one year. During the course of the
    next few minutes we will be serving tea and
    biscuits.

49
Language points of Text ?( 29 )
  • (3) the usual, natural, or established pattern or
    process by which sth. happens or is done He has
    committed a crime, and now the law must take its
    course. He is charged with attempting to pervert
    the course of action.

50
Language points of Text ?( 30 )
  • 25. resolve
  • (1) settle find a satisfactory way of dealing
    with a difficulty
  • It is hoped that the UN can resolve all
    international disputes by means of peace talks.
    There weren't enough beds, but the matter was
    resolved with George sleeping on the sofa.

51
Language points of Text ?( 31 )
  • (2) decide firmly make a determined decision
  • Once she has resolved on doing it, no one can get
    her to change her mind. He resolved to work
    harder.

52
Language points of Text ?( 32 )
  • 26. associate
  • join in a relationship based on friendship,
    business, or a shared purpose combine as friends
    or partners
  • He associates with criminals.
  • The military regime dealt ruthlessly with anyone
    who was associated with the former government.

53
Grammatical items ( 1 )
  • The use of need
  • Need could be used as a modal auxiliary and as a
    lexical verb
  • 1) used as a modal auxiliary
  • You neednt clean the windows. They arent dirty.
    (????)
  • I dont believe you need worry.( ???????????)

54
Grammatical items ( 2 )
  • Why need you go today? ( ?????)
  • One need only consider the facts. ( ????)

55
Grammatical items ( 3 )
  • 2) Used as a lexical verb ( ??????,need
    ????)Can be followed
  • a. Noun and Pronoun
  • Theyre certain to need help.
  • I dont need anything.
  • b. Infinitive
  • I need to get away and rest up a little.

56
Grammatical items ( 4 )
  • c. gerund
  • The shoes need repairing.
  • d. compound structure
  • I need you over to help me with the children.
  • I need this tooth out

57
Grammar exercises ( 1 )
  • ?. Note the use of need in the following
    sentences.
  • 1. Whether you need to get information on Rush
    Limbaughs famous and colorful, power ties or
    access the Quran, you can find it on the World
    Wide Web.
  • (a lexical verb )

58
Grammar exercises ( 2 )
  • 2. The other day a colleague and I needed some
    words to a song by a French singer, unknown in
    this country.
  • (a lexical verb )

59
Grammar exercises ( 3 )
  • 3. A reasonable amount of learning must of course
    accompany an education, but, after all, that
    amount need not be so great in any one field.
  • (a modal auxiliary )

60
Grammar exercises ( 4 )
  • ?Rewrite the following sentences using need.
  • 1. Is it necessary for him to explain again and
    again?
  • Need he explain again and again? / Does he need
    to explain again and again?

61
Grammar exercises ( 5 )
  • 2. Its not necessary for me to wait. They wont
    come.
  • I neednt wait. / I dont need to wait.
  • 3. Its not necessary for you to drive so fast.
  • You neednt drive so fast. / you dont need to
    drive so fast.

62
Grammar exercises ( 6 )
  • 4. Its not necessary for you to take umbrella.
  • You neednt take the umbrella./ You dont need to
    take the umbrella.
  • 5. Is it necessary for me to go to the meeting ?
  • Need I go to the meeting? / Do I need to go to
    the meeting?

63
Grammar exercises ( 7 )
  • 6. Its hardly necessary for me to tell you the
    importance of it.
  • I hardly need ( to ) tell you the importance of
    it.

64
Grammar exercises ( 8 )
  • ? Complete the following sentences with the
    appropriate form of need.
  • 1. This is a question that _____ very careful
    consideration.
  • 2. When I last crossed the frontier, I
    ________________ ( not, show ) my passport.
  • 3. I ____ to get away and rest up a little.

needs
didnt need to show
need
65
Grammar exercises ( 9 )
needed
  • 4. She thought you were tied and _______ a rest.
  • 5. The shop has delivery service. You could have
    it delivered. You ___________________ ( not
    carry) that home.
  • 6. So I neednt pretend, _____I ?

neednt have carried
need
66
Grammar exercises ( 10 )
  • 7. You _____________________________ ( not do )
    shopping today. Theres plenty of food in the
    fridge.
  • 8. In some places, you _____________ ( not pay )
    to use the public libraries.

dont need to do / neednt do
dont need to pay
67
Exercises ( 1 )
  • Vocabulary exercises
  • ?. Explain the italicized part in each sentence
    in your own words.
  • 1. our printer was able to serve up the new
    version.
  • Print and provide
  • 2. Its going through the roof.
  • Developing very fast at an unexpected rate

68
Exercises ( 2 )
  • 3. I got the manufacturers 800 number and then
    couldnt get through over a couple of days
  • get connected on the phone
  • 4. With so much less stuff hanging around, I
    could more easily find the things that arent on
    the Web.
  • Remaining in my office

69
Exercises ( 3 )
  • 5. I marvel each time I see Web addresses go
    flashing by as part of an increasing number of TV
    commercials.
  • Appear quickly one after another on the screen
  • 6. This might well be the current state of
    affairs.
  • The present situation with the World Wide Web

70
Exercises ( 4 )
  • ?. Fill in each blank with one of the two words
    from each pair and note the difference of meaning
    between them.

71
Exercises ( 5 )
  • 1. ACCESS ( v. ) ENTER
  • a. The built-in disk drive makes possible
    __________, creating and saving music documents
    in all formats.
  • b. Those who are beginning their career ________
    the profession as either instructors or assistant
    professors.

accessing
enter
72
Exercises ( 6 )
entered
  • c. Student information is all __________into the
    computer as soon as they are enrolled into a
    university programme.
  • d. The entire curriculum is _________and played
    from the computer terminal.

accessed
73
Exercises ( 7 )
  • Difference Access, when used as a verb, is
    specially applied in computer technology, meaning
    finding and obtaining ( information )
    successfully. Enter basically means go into
    or become part of. To enter information into a
    computer is to record it there by typing it on a
    keyboard.

74
Exercises ( 8 )
  • 2. COMMERCIAL ADVERTISEMENT
  • a. The thirty-second drug_____________has
    been banned on the grounds that it was
    misleading.
  • b. Lots of efforts were made to keep the TV
    _____________separate from the programs.

commercial
commercials
75
Exercises ( 9 )
  • c. Dozens of young people showed up in response
    to a (n) ________________ for four vacancies.
  • d. The new manager herself is a good
    ________________ for the country

advertisement
advertisement
76
Exercises ( 10 )
  • Difference An advertisement, used mainly in
    written English, is a general word for any
    announcements in a newspaper, on television, or
    on a poster about something such as a product,
    event, or job vacancies. Commercial is a term for
    any advertising message that broadcast during a
    radio or television programme or between
    programmes.

77
Exercises ( 11 )
  • 3. VERSION TRANSLATION
  • a. The whole secret of _________ is to have a
    sound grasp of the language with its underlying
    culture.
  • b. The film _________ of Gone With The Wind has
    attracted more audience than the novel itself.

translation
version
78
Exercises ( 12 )
  • c. In most business circumstances, literal
    ___________ are preferred from the foreign
    language into the mother tongue.
  • d. The Chinese _________ of the autobiography is
    said to be a poor copy of the original.

translations
version
79
Exercises ( 13 )
  • Difference Translation emphasized the act of
    saying or writing something again in a different
    language, while version refers to a particular or
    one-sided statement or expression of something,
    always implying an alternative or several other
    possible accounts of the same thing.

80
Exercises ( 14 )
  • LOCATE FIND
  • a. He finally _________ the missing keys in a
    jacket he had put in storage for the summer.
  • b. In 1935 British physicist Sir Robert
    Watson-Watt used reflected radio waves to _______
    aircraft in flight .

found
locate
81
Exercises ( 15 )
  • c. Im sure I wouldnt have ______ better service
    anywhere else.
  • d. The CPUs control unit used the programme
    counter to _________ the next instruction from
    memory.

found
locate
82
Exercises ( 16 )
  • Difference
  • Find implies either a search for something new or
    the discovering of something lost but previously
    possessed, while locate emphasizes the fixing of
    an occurrence or thing in space, or to find out
    where something is .

83
Exercises ( 17 )
  • Translation exercises
  • Translate each of the following sentences into
    English, using the word or phrase given in the
    bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where
    necessary.

84
Exercises ( 18 )
  • 1. ????????????????????????( access )
  • We all hope to access in an easy and convenient
    way every kind of information we need.
  • 2. ???????,????????
  • Please figure the total, and I shall pay it with
    a check.

85
Exercises ( 19 )
  • 3. ??????????????????( on occasion )
  • Jewels are worn only on great occasions.
  • 4. ????????????????????(challenge)
  • Mt. Qomolangma is the supreme challenge to a
    mountain climber.

86
Exercises ( 20 )
  • 5. 1996?4?,??????????????????,??????,????????(marv
    el at)
  • In April 1996, we made a sightseeing tour of
    Scotland by minibus. While touring through
    Scotland, we all marveled at the beauty of the
    landscape there.

87
Exercises ( 21 )
  • 6. ?????????????????,????????????( under way)
  • The local government has sent several officials
    to investigate the case. Now the investigation is
    under way.

88
Exercises ( 22 )
  • 7. ?????????,???????(proceed )
  • The politician waited for the applause to die
    down and then proceeded with his speech.
  • 8. ???,????????????????
  • Dont worry about it. We can resolve the matter
    to your satisfaction.

89
Exercises ( 23 )
  • 9. ????????????????(associate with )
  • People usually associate poverty with misery.
  • 10. ?????????,????????????????????
  • Hes becoming more cynical, probably from hanging
    around with newspapermen.

90
Exercises ( 24 )
  • Exercises for integrated skills
  • Dictation
  • When Charles Babbage,/ a professor of mathematics
    of Cambridge University,/ invented the first
    calculating machine in 1812, / he could hardly
    have imagined the situation we find ourselves in
    today. / Nearly everything we do in the modern
    world is helped, or even controlled, by computer,
    / the complicated descendants of this simple
    machine./

91
Exercises ( 25 )
  • Computers are being used more and more
    extensively in the world today,/ for the simple
    reason that they far more efficient than human
    beings./ In fact, computers can do many of the
    things we do ,/ but faster and better./ They can
    pay wages, / reserve seats on planes,/ control
    machines in factories, / work out tomorrows
    weather, / and even play chess, / write poetry, /
    or compose music. / Computer display tremendous
    functions in all walks of life, / such as
    education, banking, industry, medicine, military
    affairs, etc.

92
  • Text ?
  • Computer Technology Keeps People Worlds Apart

93
Comprehension questions of Text ?( 1 )
  • 1.What does the author discover about his
    roommate?
  • 2. Why does the author call his roommate a smart
    guy?
  • 3. Why do many people prefer online conversations
    to telephone conversations?
  • 4. What are the authors arguments against the
    Web?
  • 5. What does the author regard as the main value
    of personal contact ?

94
Comprehension questions of Text ?( 2 )
  • 6. What problem is the school confronting?
  • 7. According to the author, what real problems
    may occur in the modern society?
  • 8. Do you agree that computer technology keeps
    people worlds apart?

95
Comprehension questions of Text ?( 3 )
  • Keys
  • 1. His roommate often goes online to chat with
    other computer users.
  • 2. He often chats with his friends in person
    whenever possible because he understands the
    drawbacks of online conversations.

96
Comprehension questions of Text ?( 4 )
  • 3. They think that chatting online provides them
    with much privacy they cant get from telephone
    conversations and it is more accurate.
  • 4. People become socially isolated and some may
    spend a lot of time in front of a PC.
  • 5. Personal contact makes it possible for people
    to live and word together.

97
Comprehension questions of Text ?( 5 )
  • 6. Student participation at school events
    continue to decline because they are more
    interested in what they can do with a PC.
  • 7. There will be less personal interaction.
    People will be less aware of society and children
    will not learn how they are expected to behave.

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Oral Activities ( 1 )
  • ? Converse with one of your classmates on the
    following.
  • 1. What do you really desire to learn from the
    web sites on the Internet?
  • 2. Which do you prefer, reading daily newspapers
    or the capsule summaries on the net?

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Oral Activities ( 2 )
  • ?. Form two groups. One is to defend the idea
    stated in the following topics the other is to
    challenge it . Air your views as clearly as
    possible.
  • 1. Its time waster to surf so many web sites on
    the internet just to find a little relevant
    information we need.
  • 2. Making friends on the net is fun.

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Oral Activities ( 3 )
  • 3. Online shopping is easy. Click the mouse
    device, provide credit card number, and then
    everything is done.
  • 4. As the Internet becomes more popular, it will
    be another place of business controlled by fewer
    and fewer companies.

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Writing Practice
  • Write a composition on one of the topics listed
    below. Your composition should be no less than
    150 words. Remember to write neatly.
  • 1)E_mail or Letter-writing?
  • 2)Should Computer Games Be Prohibited?

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  • Samples
  • Email or Letter-writing?
  • Today millions of people are turning from
    letter writing to e-mail. They believe that
    e-mail is
  • much more convenient and far faster than regular
    letters. And they say that e-mail is an informal
    medium, ideal for conveying messages to friends
    and colleagues. This is certainly true. A letter
    travels by air, by train, by bus and finally by
    the postman's bicycle before it reaches the
    receiver. It always takes several days. In
    contrast, when someone uses e-mail, the only
    thing they need to do is to type the letter and
    press some keys to send it. In principle, within
    a few minutes, their friend or colleague can read
    the letter. The e-mail system is so convenient
    that some businesses are even able to run global
    projects.

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  • But I would like to state that I prefer
    writing letters on real paper, using real
    envelopes. Though it is slow, there is feeling in
    it though it is not convenient, I can savor a
    letter again and again, l also think that when
    you write a "real" letter, you take your time.
    You are more careful with your words than when
    you are typing an e-mail. So there is less chance
    of being misinterpreted . Whenever I'm reading a
    letter or writing a letter, I'm happy. When I'm
    writing a letter, I put my feeling into the
    letter. I write it just as if I were talking to
    my friend face to face. Gradually, the paper
    becomes covered in words. They are not empty
    words they are my expectations. I fold the
    paper, seal the envelope, attach the stamp, and
    then my words, my feelings, my hopes are on the
    way
  • When Im reading a letter, I feel that my
    friend is

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  • talking intimately with me face to face. From
    his handwriting I can guess what his mood is,
    happy, gloomy or whatever. Perhaps I have not
    kept pace with technology, but I have never felt
    that intimacy reading an email. In comparison to
    paper, the monitor is cold.
  • In the final analysis, email is too fast,
    so it becomes too realistic and much less
    romantic. Although perhaps email coped with
    modern society better, personally I cannot
    embrace email with any real enthusiasm. I think
    there is an urgent need to slow down the pace of
    our lives by writing a few letters. Posting our
    feelings, guessing our friends feeling and
    enjoying the happiness letters bring us.

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  • Should Computer Games Be Prohibited?
  • With the development of personal computers,
    another business is flourishing with striking
    speed and is getting closer to uscomputer games.
    Anyone who touches a PC will be drawn into the
    world of PC games. It is impossible to resist
    them. There are so interesting , so well designed
    and so easy to learn that they can capture
    peoples attention quickly, irrespective of their
    age.
  • Some children , usually boys, are very keen
    on PC games. Yet their parents and teachers are
    strongly against computer games. They think PC
    games are just a waste of time and that they
    undermine their childrens social skills. They
    say that PC games can

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  • ruin childrens eyesight and health, that PC
    games are turning their lovely kids into dull and
    unemotional sticks of wood. They wonder how those
    games are even allowed to exist and develop. Of
    course they forbid their children to play
    computer games.
  • However, by all indications, adults are
    too absolute, and they are alarmed too easily.
    Computer games do have some negative effects, and
    there really are some children who become
    addicted, but we should not neglect the positive
    effects. Computer games are a good form of
    recreation. They can provide a mental challenge,
    sharpen our mind, quicken our reflexes, motivate
    our interest in computers and enable us to learn
    a little by playing.

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  • In short, it they are not played
    excessively, computer games will do no harm. On
    the contrary, they will benefit. We should not
    prohibit playing computer games. In the final
    analysis, all we need is more self-control.

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  • Good bye!
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