War In Korea and Vietnam Chapter 17 Section 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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War In Korea and Vietnam Chapter 17 Section 3

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War In Korea and Vietnam Chapter 17 Section 3 War in Korea IMPORTANCE of the 38th Parallel? (Hint: Communism vs. Democracy) June 25, 1950: North Korea comes across ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: War In Korea and Vietnam Chapter 17 Section 3


1
War In Korea and VietnamChapter 17 Section 3
2
War in Korea
  • IMPORTANCE of the 38th Parallel?
  • (Hint Communism vs. Democracy)
  • June 25, 1950 North Korea comes across the 38th
    parallel in a surprise attack.
  • South Korea asks the United Nations for support.
  • WHAT HAPPENS AT THE VOTE?

3
War in Korea (contd)
  • General Douglas Mac Arthur, led 15 nations
    to free South Korea from the Communist.

4
War in Korea (contd)
  • Mac Arthur was carrying out the ideas of
    President Truman.
  • WHAT IS THIS POLICY?
  • Containment Keep Communism contained within the
    boundaries it already exists. NOT LET IT SPREAD!!

5
War in Korea (contd)
  • War and Outcome
  • 1) Korean successful until U.N. forces appear.
  • 2) U.N. forces drive North Koreans clear to the
    Yalu (Yellow) River, the Chinese border.
  • 3) However, tide changes and U.N. forces driven
    back to Seoul.

6
War in Korea (contd)
  • Aftermath of the War
  • 1) War ends in stalemate at the 38th Parallel.
  • 2) Kim il Sung keeps control of COMMUNIST North
    Korea.
  • 3) Everyday face off at the DMZ zone. WHO IS
    STRONGER TODAY?
  • INDUSTRY / MILITARY?

7
War in Vietnam
  • France took control of Vietnam during the
    Imperialism Era.
  • During the 1930s Ho Chi Minh, was a Vietnamese
    nationalist who turned to the Communist party.
  • French respond by jailing protestors.

8
War in Vietnam (contd)
  • When the Japanese leave in 1945, Minh believed
    independence was next.
  • Then in 1954 Dien Bien Phu fell to the Communists
    and the French were losing control.
  • The Domino Theory, that Southeast Asia would fall
    to communists was something Eisenhower feared.

9
War in Vietnam (contd)
  • After the French defeat the 17th latitude line
    was drawn.
  • COMMUNISM VS. DEMOCRACY
  • Ngo Dinh Diem, is President of South Vietnam.
  • However, the Vietcong, communist guerrillas start
    moving into the south with great success.

10
War in Vietnam (contd)
  • The Vietcong are made up of North Vietnamese and
    those unhappy with Diem in the south.
  • U.S. involvement in Vietnam
  • 1) Advisors,1959(Tonkin Gulf, 1964)
  • 2) By 1965, the U.S. had 185k soldiers fighting
    in Vietnam.
  • (War NEVER formally declared)

11
War in Vietnam (contd)
  • United States Withdraw
  • 1) Happens because of guerilla warfare. Unknown
    terrain.
  • 2) Ho Chi Minh support HIGH.
  • 3) Vietnamization, Nixons plan in 1969 to
    withdraw U.S. troops from Vietnam.

12
War in Vietnam (contd)
  • Turmoil in the Region
  • Continues with the Khmer Rouge, Communist rebels
    in Cambodia.
  • Still cautious there today.
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