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4.2 Muslim Art, Architecture and Design, Mosques and palaces

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4.2 Muslim Art, Architecture and Design, Mosques and palaces By Michelle Peck Williams, adapted by Dianne Siasoco 10/23/2012 Islamic Exit Slips Explain ONE way the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 4.2 Muslim Art, Architecture and Design, Mosques and palaces


1
4.2 Muslim Art, Architecture and Design, Mosques
and palaces
  • By Michelle Peck Williams, adapted by Dianne
    Siasoco 10/23/2012

2
History of Islam
  • 7th Century AD
  • Religion of Islam started by Muhammad, in what is
    now Saudi Arabia. Muslims are followers,
    Islam is the religion.
  • 8th Century AD on
  • Islamic empire spreads throughout the Middle
    East, North Africa, Spain, Pakistan, India,
    Bangladesh, Indonesia, etc.
  • 1453
  • Ottoman Turks (Muslims) take over Constantinople
    the Byzantine Empire, renaming it Istanbul.
  • 1492
  • Christians Ferdinand and Isabella defeat and kick
    out all the Muslims in Spain.

3
Art
  • Strict rules about meant you could NOT make a
    picture of statue of God, a holy person, etc.
  • Muhammads face is usually not shown.
  • Books can show historical images but they are
    not for praying to.
  • Some rules relaxed later in some places, like
    Iran (Persians).
  • So, instead, Islamic art focused on REPETITION,
    using
  • Geometric patterns
  • Arabesques
  • Calligraphy

4
Geometric patterns
5
Arabesques (curved designs)
6
Calligraphy Writing
7
Islamic architecture and design
  • Please copy
  • Plaster is a building material used for covering
    walls and ceilings. Similar to mortar or cement
    it is mixed with water. Unlike mortar and cement,
    plaster remains quite soft and can be easily
    manipulated with tools. It is used for finishing
    a construction.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaster
  • Image to right diki.pl

8
http//www.google.es/imgres?qplasterum1hlens
aNrlz1C1SKPL_enES405biw1303bih498tbmisch
tbnid0NS7hi2Ot4PwXMimgrefurlhttp//www.plintha
ndchintz.com/mambo/component/option,com_glossary/i
d,348/docidzdBJyttMhunYvMimgurlhttp//www.plin
thandchintz.com/mambo/images/stories/DesignSpeak/p
laster.jpgw600h400eiewKHULS5HMTL0QWUqYGoBAz
oom1iacthcvpx987vpy4dur90hovh183hovw2
75tx200ty69sig112095874715214331100page4t
bnh137tbnw213start49ndsp19ved1t429,r41,
s20,i322
9
Vaulted roofs
  • In building construction, a structural member
    consisting of an arrangement of arches, usually
    forming a ceiling or roof.
  • http//www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/624158/v
    ault

10
Islamic Architecture
  • Mosque place of worship

11
Many mosques feature columns, domes and arches.
12
Portico
Image from Ronda http//www.google.es/imgres?qpo
rticospainum1hlensaNrlz1C1SKPL_enES405bi
w1303bih498tbmischtbnidOreH1_-JH9lcMMimgr
efurlhttp//www.rgbstock.com/bigphoto/2dFom8G/Por
tico2B2docidDQ0EyPHblypuNMimgurlhttp//m.rgbi
mg.com/cache1nlWv8/users/a/ab/abyla/600/2dFom8G.jp
gw600h393eiMAaHUJbQHsmZhQfetIDoCQzoom1iac
thcvpx634vpy4dur3987hovh182hovw278tx1
22ty122sig112095874715214331100page2tbnh12
9tbnw202start13ndsp20ved1t429,r16,s0,i
117
  • Image from Alhambra//www.google.es/imgres?qporti
    cospainum1hlensaNrlz1C1SKPL_enES405biw1
    303bih498tbmischtbnidh3ssq41yiBmvuMimgrefu
    rlhttp//www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-21001156
    -portico-of-the-cuarto-dorado-alhambra-palace-gran
    ada-spain.phpdocidQqW43KpKzZOcoMitg1imgurlht
    tp//i.istockimg.com/file_thumbview_approve/210011
    56/2/stock-photo-21001156-portico-of-the-cuarto-do
    rado-alhambra-palace-granada-spain.jpgw380h253
    eiMAaHUJbQHsmZhQfetIDoCQzoom1iacthcvpx987
    vpy161dur1284hovh183hovw275tx126ty82si
    g112095874715214331100page1tbnh146tbnw218s
    tart0ndsp13ved1t429,r6,s0,i87

13
Islamic architecture often uses a courtyard with
a portico.
14
Minarets are the towers where the muezzin calls
people to prayer.
15
Inside, mosques are carpeted and you must remove
your shoes.
16
Look at page 35.
  • Can you find the
  • Kiblah
  • Mihrab-where the Koran is kept
  • Do you know where Damascus, Kairouan, Samarra,
    Jerusalem, and Cordoba are?

17
Samarra, Iraq
  • Before an explosion in 2006
  • After

http//news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_4740000/n
ewsid_4740000/4740030.stm
18
  • Kairouan is in Tunisia. Referred to as the
    Islamic Cultural Capital, it is a UNESCO World
    Heritage site. The city was founded by the Arabs
    around 670. The holy Mosque of Uqba is situated
    in the city.23 It is considered by many
    Muslims to be Islam's fourth holiest city.

19
Famous Mosques
  • The Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

20
Famous Mosques
  • Medina

21
Famous Mosques
  • The Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem, Israel

22
More Dome of the Rock
23
Dome of the Rock Interior
24
Famous Mosques
  • The Great Mosque of Cordoba in Spain

25
Other Famous Architecture
  • The Taj Mahal in India
  • Its a tomb, but it looks like a Mosque.
  • Built by Shah Jahan, a Muslim ruler of India in
    the 1600s.

26
Other Famous Architecture
  • The Alhambra in Spain
  • Its a palace (house).

27
More Alhambra
28
More Alhambra
29
More Alhambra
30
More Alhambra
31
Water
  • Because they were a desert culture, the early
    Muslims valued water highly, and often
    incorporated it into architectural design.
  • Water is used for washing before prayers, 5 times
    a day.

32
Arabic Science Math
  • To create such beautiful art works, Arabic
    geometry and math became very advanced.
  • They invented algebra.
  • Arabic numerals are still used today (0, 1, 2,
    3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).
  • They were the first to create hospitals with
    quarantine, the compass, lenses, and the first to
    create distilled alcohol as an anesthetic.
  • Arab libraries contained math science books
    from all over the world, and helped start the
    Renaissance in Europe.

33
Your PROJECT
  • Create an Islamic-style Geometric Kaleidoscope
    design.
  • It must have RADIAL BALANCE.
  • You must color the whole thing with RADIAL
    BALANCE with 3 or more colors to get full credit.

34
Islamic Exit Slips
  • Explain ONE way the BELIEFS of Islam influence
    the ART.
  • B. Explain ONE way you used Islamic style to
    create your design.
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