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Farm Animals of Spanish Colonial Texas

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Farm Animals of Spanish Colonial Texas Large Livestock (Ganado Mayor) Horses Burros/Mules Cattle Oxen Horses Uses Increased speed of communication Carried food and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Farm Animals of Spanish Colonial Texas


1
Farm Animals of Spanish Colonial Texas
2
Large Livestock (Ganado Mayor)
  • Horses
  • Burros/Mules
  • Cattle
  • Oxen

3
Horses
  • Uses
  • Increased speed of communication
  • Carried food and other goods
  • Ranchers used horses in the cattle drives and on
    the range. Vaqueros could lasso cows from
    horseback
  • Horses were of mixed quality
  • Not of the Andalusian bloodline
  • like Spain was famous for

http//www.spanishhorses.net/Image/frontpage2.jpg
4
Burros/Mules
  • Burros Donkeys
  • Mules Sterile offspring of male donkey and
    female horse
  • Both used as work animals
  • Pulled plows for farming and carried food and
    goods

http//farm3.static.flickr.com/2284/2089023448_fa1
130d6c3.jpg?v0
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FileJuancito.jpg
5
Cattle
  • Cattle was the main protein source of Spanish
    settlers
  • Introduced three different breeds
  • Ganado prieto black
  • Ganado retinto reddish or tan
  • Ganado barrenda white with black markings

http//www.retinta.es/asociacion.htm
6
Oxen
  • Oxen are castrated male bovines, usually over
    four years of age, and trained as draught animals
  • They were used by settlers to pull plows and haul
    goods
  • Oxen can pull harder and longer and are more
    durable than horses

http//lh3.ggpht.com/_ySgpx9ktqPs/Rw-eXcYKkNI/AAAA
AAAABI8/J1bKJGN9KN8/IMG_1795.JPG
7
Small Animals (Ganado Menor)
  • Sheep
  • Goats
  • Hogs
  • Dogs

8
Sheep
  • Eaten for protein and sheared for wool to make
    clothing
  • Sheep could survive on poorer pastures than
    cattle
  • Churra was the breed introduced by the Spanish
  • Lean and hardy
  • 60-80 lbs in weight
  • Produced 1-2.5 lbs of
  • coarse wool

http//www.sheep101.info/breedsC.html
9
Goats
  • Eaten for protein
  • Chivos Adult pastured goats
  • Cabrito kid goats, usually less than a month
    old
  • A delicacy favored over the adults

http//medioambiente.gov.ar/archivos/web/chaco/Fil
e/ChivosGr.jpg
http//www.fiery-foods.com/dave2/images/cabo/cabri
to.jpg
10
Hogs
  • Razorback Hogs introduced by Spanish settlers
  • Served as yet another food source, though records
    indicate the number of hogs was fairly low
  • These hogs evolved
  • into the feral pigs that
  • now roam much of Texas

www.pbase.com/rod_ostoski/image/53397397
11
Dogs
  • Dogs were one of the few domestic animals not
    introduced by the Europeans
  • Spanish settlers discovered
  • the Plains Indians using dogs
  • to pull loads on wooden poles
  • called travois
  • The Spanish later utilized domesticated dogs on
    the farm to herd other animals and to guard their
    flocks

http//www.texasindians.com/horse.htm
12
Problems Encountered
  • The Plains Indians valued Spanish horses and
    cattle and often stole livestock from their
    farms.
  • Some livestock often became wild upon neglect
    from the farmers. The wild mustangs that once
    roamed the American west and many feral pigs can
    be traced back to Spanish roots.

13
Texas Longhorn Cattle
  • A hybrid breed resulting from Spanish retinto
    stock and English cattle 1800s
  • Best known for their extremely long horns but
    also valued for their hardiness, hybrid vigor,
    and easy calving
  • Longhorn beef is much
  • leaner and lower in fat
  • than other beef cattle
  • Quickly became a symbol of Texas culture
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