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Teaching Latin American History I As a Hybrid Course


wpaquette_at_tcc.edu ... As a Hybrid Course William A. Paquette Professor of History MERLOT History Editor – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching Latin American History I As a Hybrid Course

Teaching Latin American History IAs a Hybrid
William A. Paquette Professor of History MERLOT
History Editor wpaquette_at_tcc.edu
Why Teach Latin American History?
  • The Hispanic Population represented 14.8 of the
    United States Population in 2006 and remains the
    fastest growing minority group in the United
  • United States History textbooks are Anglo-centric
    with the focus on England and the English
    settlements in the United States.
  • The first European explorers in the 15th century
    to the United States were sent by Spain.
  • The vast majority of exploration and successful
    colonization in the Americas was done by Spain
    and Portugal in the 16th century.
  • The oldest city in the United States is St.
    Augustine, Florida and, yet colonial Americas
    focus remains the English settlements.
  • The exploration and settlement of Florida, Texas,
    California, and the region between Texas and
    California was done by Spain and predates the
    westward expansion of the 19th century United
    States, but it is rarely emphasized in proper
    chronological context.
  • The need for the Spanish (and Portuguese)
    perspective on the exploration, colonization, and
    settlement of the Americas.
  • The Spanish encountered the Americas most
    advanced Pre-Columbian civilizations among the
    Aztec, Inca, and Maya peoples.

Percent of Hispanics by Regionof the United
States (2006)
  • In the Northeast 11.3 of the population is
  • In the Midwest 5.3 of the population is
  • In the South 14.5 of the population is
  • In the West 26.6 of the population is Hispanic.

Distribution of Hispanics by Place of Origin
  • 65.5 are from Mexico (28.3 million).
  • 8.6 are from Puerto Rico (3.7 million).
  • 8.2 are from Central America (3.5 million).
  • 6.0 are from South America (2.6 million)
  • 3.7 are from Cuba (1.6 million).
  • 8.0 are Hispanic from other locations (3.4

Why a Hybrid Course?
  • Students are engaged in active learning.
  • Blackboard becomes a tool permitting continuous
  • Permits the use of videos whose running time are
    longer than the normal classroom meeting.
  • Blackboard discussion board permits video content
    and commentary exchanges.
  • MERLOT websites enhance content learning, which
    demand longer time allotments.
  • Lectures permit introduction of key themes.
  • Lectures direct active learning activities.
  • Hybrid resources extend learning and offset
    limits of existing Latin American History
  • Permits the incorporation of student experiences
    in Latin America.
  • Permits the incorporation of faculty study in
    Latin America.

The Geography of Latin America
  • Map 1 Pre-Columbian Civilizations in Latin
  • Map 2 1780 Viceroyalties in Latin America.
  • Map 3 Contemporary Latin America.

Pre-Columbian Civilizations
Viceroyalties of 1780 Latin America
Latin America Geography and Population Centers
The Olmec Video
The Mysterious Olmec People
  • Students watch The Olmec Art of Ancient Mexico
    produced by the National Gallery of Art,
    Washington, DC.
  • The origins of the Olmec people remains a
  • The National Gallery of Arts exhibition on the
    Olmec brought Shang Dynasty scholars to
    Washington who concluded that funeral shards
    contained Shang Dynasty Chinese calligraphy.
  • Were the Olmec Chinese?
  • If the Olmec were Chinese how would this change
    the record on the history of the Americas?
  • The Olmec Art of Ancient Mexico engages the
    student in using art and archaeology to decipher
    clues to a cultures origin.
  • Identifies the populations of Mesoamerica
    influenced by the Olmec.

Central AmericaThe Burden of Time Video
The Maya of Central America
  • The Maya civilization was the only one in the
    Americas to develop a written language.
  • The Maya excelled in mathematics and astronomy.
  • Who were the Maya?
  • What were their religious beliefs?
  • How were they governed?
  • Did they engage in bloodletting?
  • What is their history timelines?
  • How accurate is the Mel Gibson film Apocalypto?
  • What sports did the Maya play?
  • Why did their civilization collapse before the
    arrival of the Spanish?
  • Why does the Maya calendar stop on December 23,

Mesoamerica Slides from Coba, Chichen Itza, and
Three Maya City StatesCoba, Chichen Itza, Tulum
  • Coba, Late Classic Period, 200 B.C.E. to 900 C.E.
  • Chichen Itza, Terminal and Early Post Classic
    Period, 800 to 1200 C.E.
  • Tulum, Late Post Classic Period, 1200-1530 C.E.

Tulum Chichen Itza Video
The Mesoamerican BallgameMERLOT Assignment
  • Provides information about the Maya culture.
  • Provides information about Maya art.
  • Provides information about major Maya
    city-states Chichen Itza, Uxmal, Palenque,
    Tikal, Yaxchilan, Bonampak, and Copan.
  • Explains the rules of the Maya ballgame.
  • Introduces user to diagrams of play, game songs,
    uniforms, artwork associated with the sport.
  • Discusses whether women could play.
  • Presents what happened to the team that lost.
  • The site self-tests by creating a animation that
    allows two teams to play the game and score

Mesoamerican Ballgame
Xcaret Mesoamerican Ballgames Video
The Astronomy of Central and South AmericaMERLOT
  • The site introduces the user to the importance
    astronomy played in the Pre-Columbian
    civilizations of the Americas.
  • Users are able to calculate dates according to
    the Maya calendar system.
  • The site explains how the Maya calendar system
    was developed.
  • The site explains how the movement of heavenly
    bodies determined religious celebrations, war
    declarations, political decisions.
  • Introduces users to the Maya prophecy interpreted
    as the end of the world on December 23, 2012.
  • Explains how the reign dates of Maya rulers are
  • Compares Maya, Toltec, Aztec, Inca calendar

Astronomy of Central and South America
Uxmal Video
TeotihuacanAztec City of the Gods
  • Review slides from Mesoamerica CD on Teotihuacan
  • The Citadel
  • The Temple of Quetzalcoatl
  • The Avenue of the Dead
  • The Pyramid of the Sun
  • The Pyramid of the Moon
  • The Quetzal-Papalotl
  • Palace of the Jaguars
  • Temple of the Feathered Conches

Mel Gibsons Apocalypto Video
Maya and Aztec ContributionsThe Accuracy of
  • The Maya writing system of glyphs for science and
  • The Maya calendar system.
  • The legacy of the Maya.
  • Olmec, Maya, and Toltec influences on the Aztec.
  • The abandonment of Teotihuacan.
  • Tenochtitlan, the Aztec Capital.

Pre-Columbian Civilizations of South America
  • Coastal Civilizations along the Andes.
  • The geography of South America.
  • The civilization known as Sipan.
  • The Inca civilization.

Sipan Video
The Lord of Sipan
  • Who were the Moche?
  • Who was buried in the Moche tombs?
  • Where did the Moche live?
  • What is learned from the archeological tomb
  • What was the level of civilization for the Moche?

The Incas Video
The Inca
  • What caused the Inca to thrive?
  • Where was the Incan Empire located?
  • How did the Inca communicate without a written
  • How was the Inca military organized?
  • How did the geography of the Andes affect the
    development of the Inca Empire?
  • How did a road system facilitate government
  • Who were the Nazca?
  • What is the importance of Cuzco and Manchu
  • What food crops did the Inca grow?
  • Describe the Inca system of terracing.
  • What does mummification reveal about Inca
    religious beliefs?

The Geometry of the IncaMERLOT Assignment
  • Introduces user to the design of Manchu Picchu
    and how geometry was infused in this Inca city
    design plan.
  • Examines the mysterious lines of Nazca using
    mathematical rules of geometry.
  • Examines the layout of Cuzco by mathematical
    design and relates the design to other Inca
  • Permits new interpretations about the origins of
    ancient cities by the study of mathematics.

The Geometry of the Inca
Los IncosMERLOT Assignment
  • The site explores the history of the Inca people.
  • The site describes the political organization of
    the Incan Empire.
  • The site examines the development of technology
    by the Inca and how this affected agriculture and
  • The site presents an understanding about
    agriculture, terraced farming, and the variety of
    foods grown, e.g. the many varieties of potatoes
    and tapiocas.
  • The site examines the critical function of roads
    and messengers in trying the Incan Empire into a
    unified state.
  • The site presents specific artistic contributions
    by the Inca.
  • The site presents specific scientific
    contributions by the Inca.
  • The site examines the extensive network of trade
    and commerce.

Los Incos
The Mission Video
The Mission Video
  • What was the nature of the dispute between Spain
    and Portugal in the Amazon River region?
  • How did the Portuguese Jesuits treatment of the
    native population compare with the treatment of
    the indigenous population by the Spanish Jesuits?
  • What contributed to the indigenous populations
    acceptance of Roman Catholicism?
  • Which European country was awarded the land in
  • How did the Spanish treat the indigenous
  • What does the film reveal about Spanish colonial
    policies toward the indigenous population?
  • How did Roman Catholicism fail the indigenous

The Buried Mirror SeriesVideo Series
The Buried MirrorVideo Series
  • Part I The Virgin and the Bull explores the
    symbolism of the two most misunderstood
    archetypes of Spanish culture the Virgin Mary
    and the bullfight.
  • Part II Conflict of the Gods retraces the
    culture and society of the Aztecs.
  • Part III The Age of Gold examines how gold,
    silver, chocolate, tomatoes, the potato, and
    Roman Catholicism contributed to the destruction
    of the pre-Columbian world.
  • Part IV The Price of Freedom follows the
    independence movements of Bolivar and San Martin
    in 19th century Latin America.
  • Part V Unfinished Business focuses on the
    contemporary problems facing Latin America.

European Voyages of ExplorationSpain and
PortugalMERLOT Assignment
  • Examines the history of Spain and Portugal before
  • Discusses the political systems in place for both
    Spain and Portugal in the 15th century.
  • Describes the economy, people, and urban
    population of Spain and Portugal.
  • Explains why both Spain and Portugal became
    exploring nations.
  • Identifies the key figures in Spain and Portugal
    who promoted exploration and colonization.
  • Discusses the role of Spain and Portugals
    explorers, conquistadors, and Roman Catholic
    Church in the colonization of the Americas.
  • Explains when and why African slavery was
    introduced into the Americas.
  • Provides the opportunity to evaluate the Spanish
    and Portuguese legacy on the Americas indigenous

The European Voyages of Exploration
The ConquistadorsMERLOT Assignment
  • Offers theories for the fall of the Aztec Empire.
  • Examines the role of Cortes as hero or villain.
  • Explains why the Incan Empire succumbed to the
  • Traces the routes of Spanish and Portuguese
    explorers along the Amazon.
  • Examines the critical role of Cabeza de Vaca in
    protecting the rights of indigenous peoples.
  • Introduces theories about who were the first
    people to populate the Americas.
  • Introduces users to key figures associated with
    European exploration of the Americas.
  • Provides an effective timeline for the arrival
    and settlement of Europeans into the Americas.

The ConquistadorsMERLOT Assignment
16th Century Spanish Census of the
AmericasMERLOT Assignment
  • The site provides the 50 item questionnaire
    developed by Juan Lopez de Velasco to provide the
    King of Spain with an understanding of the lands
    Spain acquired in the Americas.
  • Questions ask the identification of native
  • Questions ask which conquistadores took which
  • Questions ask for the description of the
  • Questions ask for the description of the plant
    and animal life.
  • Questions ask for the description of Spanish and
    indigenous villages.
  • Questions ask for the description of how homes
    are built.
  • Questions ask for the description of crops
  • Questions ask for the identification of plants
    for medical use.
  • Questions ask about trade and commerce.
  • Questions ask about the location of churches and

16th Century CensusMERLOT Assignment
Builders of ImageLatin American Cultural
Identity Video
  • Why is Latin America an important to
    understanding the history of the Americas and the
    United States?
  • How does Art shape the cultural identity of Latin
  • How does music shape the cultural identity of
    Latin America?
  • How did the art and music of pre-Columbian
    civilizations blend with the art of African
    slaves and Catholic Spain and Portugal?

Builders of Image Video
Summary of Learning Toolsfor a Hybrid Course
  • Slides
  • Videos
  • MERLOT assignments
  • Readings
  • Discussion Boards
  • Maps
  • Lectures
  • Faculty/student travel experiences

The End
  • William A. Paquette
  • Professor of History
  • MERLOT History Editor
  • wpaquette_at_tcc.edu
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