South African National System of Innovation (NSI) Derek Hanekom, Deputy Minister of Science and Technology, Republic of South Africa 14 February 2007 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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South African National System of Innovation (NSI) Derek Hanekom, Deputy Minister of Science and Technology, Republic of South Africa 14 February 2007

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Title: South African National System of Innovation (NSI) Derek Hanekom, Deputy Minister of Science and Technology, Republic of South Africa 14 February 2007


1
South African National System of Innovation
(NSI)Derek Hanekom, Deputy Minister of Science
and Technology, Republic of South Africa14
February 2007
2
SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMY AT A GLANCE
  • Population of 47 million
  • GDP of 227bn (22nd largest economy)
  • GDP growth of 4.9 (8 years of consistent growth)
  • High level of business confidence
  • Diversified economy

3
BUT .
  • High level of inequality - Gini coefficient of
    0,58
  • High unemployment (25 of work force)
  • HDI ranked 120 out of 177 countries (2003)
  • Life expectancy of 51 years
  • HIV prevalence 1 out of 6 of all people aged 15
    to 49 years
  • 24 of adults over 15yrs are functionally
    illiterate

4
PRE 1994 SCIENCE ENVIRONMENT
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SCIENCE SYSTEM PRE 1994
  • Exclusion of black people from SET careers and
  • Isolationist approach RD expenditure mainly on
    defence and energy
  • APARTHEID EDUCATION
  • "Native education should be controlled in such a
    way that it should be in accord with the policy
    of the stateIf the native in South Africa today
    in any kind of school in existence is being
    taught to expect that he will live his life under
    the policy of equal rights ,he is making a big
    mistakeThere is no place for him in the European
    community above the level of certain forms of
    labour".
  • Dr Hendrik Verwoerd, Minister of Native
    Affairs, 1953
  • LEGACY IS STILL WITH US
  • Black learners remain disadvantaged in Maths and
    Science
  • Out of 740 000 learners wrote matric exams last
    year, less than 10 wrote Maths in higher grade
    almost 50 FAILED

5
Accelerated Shared Growth Initiative 2014
targets
6
The evolution of policies underpinning the NSI
Vision of Reconstruction and Development 1994

WHITE PAPER ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 1996
RD STRATEGY 2002
BIOTECHNOLOGY STRATEGY 2001
ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY 2003
NANO- TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY 2006
INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS STRATEGY 2004
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
2007
Comprehensive Implementation Plans
7
PILLARS OF THE NSI
  • Key to economic growth and competitiveness
  • Quality of life for all

INNOVATION
  • Addressing the legacy top priority
  • Science Centres
  • Maths/Science Development Camps
  • Maths and Science dedicated schools

Human Capital Development
  • Provides strategic direction and support
    through
  • the NSI
  • Research Chairs
  • Centres of Excellence

Alignment and Delivery
8
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY LANDSCAPE
Economic Growth Poverty reduction Quality of Life
White Paper on Science and Technology
Vision 2014
National RD Strategy
Indigenous Knowledge Systems Strategy
Information Communications Technology Strategy
Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy
Nano- technology Strategy
Biotechnology Strategy

9
ST ACTORS AND STAKEHOLDERS
Government
International Partners
NGOs
Social OBJECTIVES Economic
Education Institutions
Business
Science Councils
Research Institutions
State Corporations
10
1. Some areas are absolutely necessary for
national competitiveness, for any size of
country, e.g. information technology,
biotechnology. Omit these at your peril!
WHAT GUIDED US IN CHOOSING PRIORITY AREAS
2. Other areas present some geographic
advantage, e.g. astronomy human origins for
South Africa.
3. Other areas present a knowledge advantage,
e.g. traditional knowledge or deep level mining
for South Africa.
4. Self-selected areas representing critical
problems, e.g. HIV/AIDS and Malaria.
11
National Competitiveness BIOTECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
  • INNOVATION CENTRES
  • Finance business support
  • Technology Platforms/infrastructure
  • Cluster development / networking
  • ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
  • Public engagement
  • Inter-departmental coordination
  • Policy review/development
  • FRONTIER BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Frontier programmes
  • International science participation
  • STRATEGIC ADVICE
  • Biotechnology Advisory Committee

12
THIS IS WHAT YOU GET.
  • South Africa recently won the bid to host the
    third component of the International Centre for
    Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB),
    which will be hosted by the Institute for
    Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine at the
    University of Cape Town
  • The other two components are housed in (Trieste)
    Italy and (New Delhi) India
  • ICGEBs primary focus in the field of
    Biotechnology is on HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria an
    enormous contribution in meeting the MDG goals

13
National Competitiveness ICT
  • CURRENT SITUATION
  • The countrys investment in ICT in general and
    ICT RD (10) specifically is far below that of
    its OECD counterparts (30)
  • High telecommunication costs and poor bandwidth
  • Tele-density of fixed line is low by worlds
    standards
  • MEASURES INTRODUCED
  • Establishment of the Centre for High Performance
    Computing
  • Open Source Software promotion
  • SANReN a high speed network that will enable
    the exchange of research data between the
    countrys research institutes and counterparts
    around the world

14
GEOGRAPHIC ADVANTAGE
  • Fluorine technology
  • Biodiversity
  • Human origins
  • Astronomy

15
ASTRONOMY THIS IS THE RESULT
  • SOUTHERN AFRICAN
  • LARGEST TELESCOPE (SALT)
  • The single largest optical telescope in Southern
    Hemisphere, and is a culmination of multilateral
    partnerships between SA, New Zealand, Germany,
    Poland, United Kingdom, India, Russia and the US.
  • A gateway through which we can observe our
    earliest stars, learn more about the formation of
    our galaxy.

16
ON THE WAY ..
  • SQUARE KILOMETRE ARRAY (SKA)
  • A 1.5 bn international project to create
    receiving surface of a million square metres
  • The SKA will provide data for a whole range of
    astronomical investigations
  • South Africa short listed along Australia for the
    hosting of this worlds largest radio telescope
  • Bid winner is to be announced in 2011

17
AND MORE..
  • SUMBANDILA SATELLITE
  • Will be launched in Russia in June this year
  • Building Africas capacity for earth observation
    data
  • Constructed locally, this low earth orbiting
    Satellite is part of multimillion rand integrated
    capacity building and satellite project
  • SumbandilaSat will generate imagery that will
    support decision making areas such as natural
    resources, agriculture, urban planning and other
    applications

18
HUMAN ORIGINS
  • PALAEOANTHROPOLOGICAL
  • RESEARCH
  • The earliest evidence of the origins of life on
    the planet at the Vredefort Dome World Heritage
    Site
  • The most prolific evidence of early human
    ancestry anywhere in the world at the Cradle of
    Humankind World Heritage Site

19
THIS IS THE RESULT
  • CRADLE OF HUMANKIND
  • Major sites of research
  • Scientific visitor interpretation centre
  • Public awareness

20
CRITICAL PROBLEM AREA
  • HIV VACCINE
  • South Africa is actively engaged in HIV/AIDS
    vaccine development
  • The South African Aids Vaccine Initiative (SAAVI)
    was established in 1999 and is tasked with the
    development of an affordable, effective vaccine
    for the country
  • SAAVI enjoys close collaboration with many other
    global players in the field, including the USs
    National Health Institute and International Aids
    Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
  • The vaccine is going on the Phase 1 clinical
    trial at the end of the year

21
CRITICAL PROBLEM AREA
  • SOUTH AFRICAN MALARIA INITIATIVE (SAMI)
  • Malaria kills over 3000 children each day in
    Sub-Saharan Africa
  • SAMI was established in 2006 and aims to bring
    together key researchers in the country with a
    focus on molecular aspects of malaria drug and
    insecticide discovery
  • Outcome of the SAMI programme will lead to
    enhanced intellectual and human capital in the
    country

22
KNOWLEDGE ADVANTAGE
  • Technology for poverty reduction
  • Indigenous knowledge
  • Technology for deep mining
  • Selected human health technologies

23
NEW CHALLENGE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY MISSION REQUIRED TO ADDRESS
    CLIMATE CHANGE INCLUDING
  • Toward Zero Emission Strategies
  • Energy efficiency strategy
  • Reducing fossil fuel dependence
  • Nuclear and Renewable sources
  • Carbon credits
  • Ecosystem and biodiversity management
  • Innovative mitigation and adaptation measures

24
OUR RD INVESTMENT
55 is Private Sector RD Spend
Target 1 of GDP by 2008
25
SA VS OECD COUNTRIES
26
STRENGTHS AND CHALLENGES of SAs NSI
  • STRENGTHS
  • Fiscal incentives for RD
  • Strong government support
  • Policy and strategies
  • Indicators and institutionalised RD survey
  • International Cooperation
  • 50 Bilateral partnerships
  • OECD Observer status on the Committee for
    Science and Technology Policy
  • SA Co-chairs the Group on Earth Observation
  • CHALLENGES
  • Human Capital
  • Weak link between knowledge generation and the
    real economy

27
CONTINENTAL INTITIATIVES
  • SOUTH AFRICA HAS A VANGUARD ROLE IN ADVANCING ST
    IN THE CONTINENT
  • AFRICAN MINISTERS COUNCIL OF SCIENCE AND
    TECHNOLOGY (AMCOST)
  • THE AFRICAN PLAN OF ACTION
  • EARLY SUCCESSES
  • AFRICAN LASER CENTRE (ALC)
  • AFRICAN INSTITUTE FOR MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES
    (AIMS)
  • WATER SCIENCES INITIATIVE
  • BIOSCIENCES INITIATIVE

28
THE FUTURE
  • Foundation for Technological Innovation (FTI)
  • Moving towards the establishment of the FTI - an
    agency that will be responsible for stimulating
    and enhancing technological innovation
  • Address the innovation chasm
  • Functions of the FTI
  • Promote innovation and economic development by
    increasing capabilities and network linkages of
    key players in the NSI
  • Develop management information system of all
    government funded innovation projects
  • Improve the transfer of knowledge and
  • Evolve the development of new institutions e.g.
    Nanotechnology Institute.
  • THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FTI WILL COMPLETE THE
    INNOVATION FRAMEWORK CONTRIBUTE TO HUMAN CAPITAL
    DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH AND
    IMPROVED QUALITY OF LIFE FOR ALL

29
Steadily the dark clouds of despair are lifting,
giving way to our season of hope. Our country,
which for centuries has bled from a thousand
wounds, is progressing towards its healing.
Thabo Mbeki, President of the Republic of South
Africa. THANK YOU
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