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Neithercut Management Plan

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Presented by: Caitlyn Bifoss, Jessa Napieralski , Justin Gale, Jacob King Central Michigan University BIO 541 Wildlife Mangement Fall 2009 Introduction Herps of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Neithercut Management Plan


1
Neithercut Management Plan
Presented by Caitlyn Bifoss, Jessa Napieralski ,
Justin Gale, Jacob King
  • Central Michigan University
  • BIO 541 Wildlife Mangement
  • Fall 2009

2
Introduction
  • Herps of Neithercut Woodland
  • Rana sylvatica
  • Pseudacris crucifer
  • Chrysemys picta
  • Emydoidea blandingii

3
Rana sylvatica Wood Frog
  • Member of the Ranidae family
  • Broad North American distribution extending from
    the Southern Appalachians to the Boreal Forest
  • Brown, tan, or rust colored with yellow/green
    belly
  • Can easily be distinguished by its dark colored
    eye mask that resembles a robbers mask

4
Rana sylvatica Wood Frog
  • Habitat
  • Commonly found in woodlands during summer months
  • During winter months commonly found under stones,
    stumps, and leaf litter
  • Feeding
  • Feed on a variety of small, forest-floor
    invertebrates by catching prey through the use of
    tongue extension
  • Tadpole R. sylvatica feeds on plant detritus,
    algae, and also consume eggs and larvae of other
    amphibians

5
Rana sylvatica Wood Frog
  • Reproduction
  • Seasonal breeders that begin to breed in vernal
    pools/wetlands very early in the spring, usually
    beginning as early as March and are the first
    frogs to begin calling
  • Incubation lengths for eggs vary depending on
    temperature
  • Egg mass measures about 10 to 13 cm in diameter,
    and can contain 1000 to 3000 eggs

6
Rana sylvatica Wood Frog
  • Freeze-Tolerance
  • Shows unique ability to hibernate close to the
    surface in soil/leaf litter and can tolerate many
    freeze-thaw events
  • Elevated amounts of PGKI, one of the
    ATP-generating reactions of glycolysis
  • Freezing of blood and other tissues take place

7
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper
  • Characteristics
  • Chorus Frog high pitched peep sounded once
    per second
  • 22mm in length
  • Dark X on the back with cream colored belly
  • Males are slightly smaller than females

8
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper
  • Habitat
  • Most abundant chorus frog in Michigan
  • Found in primarily deciduous woodland, marshes,
    swamps, sphagnum bogs, and vernal pools.
  • Burrow in soil, fallen trees and leaf litter.
  • Feeding
  • Tadpoles feed mainly on algae
  • Adults feed on small insects

9
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper
  • Reproduction
  • Sexually mature by year one
  • Males establish breeding sites and reside in them
    from as early as late March all the way to early
    May.
  • Once in amplexus, both sexes dive to bottom of
    vernal pool and deposit eggs individually on
    debris and leaf litter.
  • Females lay between 700-1200 eggs
  • Larvae metamorphosis takes 2-3 months after which
    leaves the pond for the remainder of life cycle

10
Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper
  • Range
  • Wide distribution in Eastern North America
  • Relatively common species that inhabits most
    anywhere in Michigan, including Neithercut
    Woodland

11
The Painted Turtle Chrysemys picta
  • Most widely distributed
  • Brightly marked
  • Four subspecies
  • C. picta marginata
  • C. picta picta
  • C. picta dorsalis
  • C. picta belli

12
Reproduction
  • Courtship activities
  • Nesting between May-July
  • Thermal Dependence

13
Habitat
  • Shallow ponds or lakes
  • Slow moving streams
  • Debris to sun themselves
  • Travel distances to find more suitable habitat

14
Emydoidea blandingii - Blandings Turtle
  • Member of the family Emydidae
  • Located largely in the Great Lakes region.
  • Truly terrestrial
  • Dark olive colored carapace with yellow markings
  • Yellow throat and chin
  • Hinged plastron

15
Emydoidea blandingii - Blandings Turtle
  • Habitat
  • Prefer a diversity of wetland types, shallow
    water with abundant vegetation
  • Require sandy, open areas for nesting
  • Feeding
  • Aquatic diet larval amphibians, crustaceans,
    insects, fish, mollusks, and plants
  • Terrestrial diet berries, earthworms, insect
    larva, slugs, and vegetation

16
Emydoidea blandingii - Blandings Turtle
  • Reproduction
  • Mating takes place in the water.
  • Female turtles lay approximately 3 - 17 eggs in
    upland habitats, usually between late May and
    early July.
  • Eggs hatch between mid-August and early October.

17
Management Goals Objectives
  • Maintain Abundance
  • Guide fences
  • Paved road shoulders
  • Underpasses
  • Maintain Wetland/Freshwater Habitat
  • Monitor and control hydroperiods
  • Monitor pond pH levels
  • Create corridors connecting neighboring wetlands

18
Management Goals Objectives
  • Limit Disturbances Throughout Habitat
  • Monitor invasive species/predators
  • Control use of herbicides around
    freshwater/wetland habitats
  • Control chemical pollution

19
Management Goals Objectives
  • Educate Public
  • No pets
  • Local seminars

20
Neithercut Woodland
  • Named after William Neithercut,
  • 252-acre natural area with a creek (Elm Creek)
    running through
  • Originally owned by Josiah Littlefield during
    early to mid 1900s
  • Upon Littlefields death in 1936, his decedents
    held onto the land and ultimately transferred the
    252 acres of land to Central Michigan

21
Current Conditions
LAND USE
  • Located in Farwell of Clare County Michigan
  • Latitude 43.857615 Longitude -084.843785
  • 252 Acres with Walkin McNeel Nature Center
  • Four main trails

22
Habitat Quality
  • Good source of diverse habitats.
  • Wetland/highland mix good for frog breeding and
    post-breeding seasons along with hibernation.
  • Other areas in Neithercut have high potential for
    vernal pools in the spring and into summer.
  • Elm Creek is slow moving and has potential for
    flooding leading to needs of all the mentioned
    species.
  • Standing water has organic bottom for turtles to
    feed along with muddy bottom for hibernation.

23
Management Recommendations
  • Maintain/Increase Abundance
  • Because of turtles longevity, drastic declines
    in turtle populations can easily go unnoticed.
  • Chrysemys picta - maintain population
  • Emydoidea blandingii -increase population
  • Prevent Road Mortality
  • Build underpasses with a diameter larger than .3
    m for safe movement to nesting areas.
  • Pave the shoulders of M-115 to prevent roadside
    nesting and curb entrapment.

24
Management Recommendations
  • Maintain Wetlands/Freshwater Habitat
  • Stringent monitoring of pools and hydroperiods in
    Neithercut must be done by controlling the length
    of the hydroperiods and changes in Neithercut
    watershed.
  • Monitor pH of water in order to detect changes
    biological and chemical components of the pond.
  • Create corridors encompassing multiple habitats
    by clear-cutting forest areas that lie in between
    neighboring wetland areas and vernal pools.

25
Management Recommendations
  • Limit disturbances throughout habitat
  • - Control Typha angustifolia and Phragmites
    australis
  • by flooding, mowing, and burning
  • - Herbicides will not be allowed within 50
    meters of
  • wetlands.
  • - A barrier/buffer will be created in order to
    limit the
  • amount of runoff pollutants from roads.

26
Management Recommendations
  • Educate Public
  • Pools where frogs are breeding and developing
    should be marked off using mesh barrier fencing
    (25m circumference).
  • Seminars will be held at Neithercut.
  • Informational posters explaining dangers of
    interacting with some species (Salmonellae).

27
Evaluation and Monitoring Plans
  • Drift fences to obtain specific counts of wood
    frogs and spring peepers.
  • Egg mass counts.
  • Surveillance monitoring of turtles from May 1-
    Oct 1.
  • Water quality

28
Issues of Scale in Management Plan
  • Constructing underpasses and guide fences will
    take most physical effort
  • Population/Habitat Surveys
  • Invasive Species/Predator Control

29
Timeline (Year One)
  • Fall
  • Apply for funding through grant writing.
  • Send out volunteer interest forms to areas of
    interest.
  • Winter
  • Construct underpasses and/or guide fences, drift
    fences, and mesh fencing.
  • Design and print informational posters and
    pamphlets.
  • Plan and implement seminar programming for the
    spring.
  • Spring
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle
    predators (i.e. racoons).
  • Conduct population surveys of Wood Frog.
  • Conduct population surveys of Spring Peeper.
  • Perform runoff sampling.
  • Summer
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle
    predators (i.e. racoons).
  • Survey drift fencing for Wood Frog.
  • Survey drift fencing for Spring Peeper.
  • Provide invasive management control for
    Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia.

29
30
Timeline (Year Two)
  • Fall
  • Re-apply for funding through grant writing.
  • Send out volunteer interest forms to areas of
    interest.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle
    predators (i.e. racoons).
  • Survey drift fencing for Wood Frog.
  • Survey drift fencing for Spring Peeper.
  • Winter
  • Contact Clare County Board of Commisioners about
    road shoulder pavement.
  • Spring
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle
    predators (i.e. racoons).
  • Conduct population surveys of Wood Frog.
  • Conduct population surveys of Spring Peeper.
  • Perform runoff sampling.
  • Summer
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle.
  • Conduct population surveys of Painted Turtle
    predators (i.e. racoons).
  • Survey drift fencing for Wood Frog.

30
31
Budget (Total 47,492.00)
Equipment Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Runoff Sampler 4,470.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Complete Soil Kit 47.00 0.00 45.00/refill 0.00 0.00
Invasive Plant Control 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Maintain Kiosks and Information 300 0.00 50.00/update 0.00 50.00/update
Guide/Drift Fencing 1,000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Maintenance on Equipment 500 500 500 500 500
Road Shoulder Pavement of M-115 0.00 17,015.00 0.00 17,015.00 0.00
32
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