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Title: Training Module 1 Integrated Coastal Management and Communication


1
Training Module 1Integrated Coastal Management
and Communication
  • Chapter 1
  • Introduction to Sustainable Coastal Development
  • R. Ernšteins, J. Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S.
    Kuršinska

2
COBWEB Project Communicating the Baltic
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
3
COBWEB project Introduction I
  • Project creates models of co-operation in the
    field of environmental education and
    communication between
  • universities,
  • environmental and nature schools and
  • museums, and
  • other local stakeholders to be involved,
  • in order to strengthen the connection between the
    SOURCES of environmental knowledge and USERS at
    the coastal areas-municipalities in the Central
    Baltics sea region.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
4
COBWEB project Introduction II
  • COBWEB promotes sustainable development in the
    Central Baltic region.
  • Key actors of the project - universities,
    museums, nature and environmental schools, are
    building together environmental educational
  • training materials and training programmes, which
    combine the latest knowledge 
  • on environmental GOVERNANCE and SUSTAINABILITY,
    particularly in coastal areas
  • with effective environmental COMMUNICATION as the
    main emphasis both as the municipal-coastal
    management INSTRUMENT and SECTOR and in their
    COMPLEMENTARITY.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
5
COBWEB project Introduction III
  • COBWEB - Work Package 3
  • Coastal Communication resources training
  • Baltic coastal awareness - educators turning to
    coastal communication involving stakeholders and
    enhancing public participation.
  • Main products to be produced ALSO
    internationally
  • 1- Coastal Training Modules (TM)
  • TM1 Integrated coastal management and
    communication
  • TM2 Coastal communication for sustainable
    development
  • TM3 Environmental communication collaboration
    principle (in Latvian)
  • 2- Related documentation and Resource material
    (RM)

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
6
COBWEB project Introduction IV
  • Training module (TM) outline
  • Slide presentation package
  • Resource Pack resource material in English
  • Coastal municipalities CASE STUDIES (CS)
  • Bibliography

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
7
COBWEB project Introduction V
  • TRAINING MODULE 2 Coastal Communication approach
  • TRAINING MODULE 1
  • Coastal Management approach

TRAINING MODULE 3 Collaboration approach
  • Introduction to sustainable
  • coastal development
  • 2. Environmental governance
  • and coastal municipalities
  • from theory to practice
  • 3. Integrated coastal zone
  • management
  • 4. Indicators for sustainable
  • development local municipality case
  • 5. Collaboration governance
  • approach
  • 6. Household environmental
  • management
  • 7. Climate change adaptation
  • governance for municipalities
  • 8. ICZM Programme
  • Saulkrasti municipality case
  • Introduction to coastal
  • communication
  • 2. Environmental communication
  • from theory to practice
  • 3. Integrated approach
  • environmental communication
  • integration into municipal
  • environmental management
  • and development planning
  • 4. Disciplinary approach
  • Environmental communication
  • for Liepaja municipality
  • 5. Coastal communication
  • best practice
  • 6. Coastal risk communication
  • 7. Green municipality public
  • relations and communication
  • 8. Coastal communication
  • Action Programme
  • Introduction into environmental communication
  • Collaboration communication model
  • Municipal environmental communication instruments
    for collaboration communication
  • 3.1. Environmental information instruments
  • 3.2. Environmental education instruments
  • 3.3. Public participation instruments
  • 3.4. Environmentally friendly behavior
    instruments
  • 3.5. Collaboration instruments
  • 4. Environmental communication best practice
    examples in Latvian coastal municipalities

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
8
Training Module 1Integrated Coastal Management
and Communication
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
9
Introduction I
  • Governance environment
  • Governance environment is an important pilar in
    successful implementation of environmental
    governance and in ensuring sustainable
    development of a territory,
  • Governance development is important in the
    context of TM2
  • Coastal specifics
  • As in any other territory, the interests of
    nature and the social and economic interests of
    man often collide, and the more so in the coastal
    area with its ecological, cultural and historical
    specifics and appeal. In addition, there are
    often land and sea conflicts in the coastal area,
    and man is in the middle of this conflicting
    environment.
  • Environmental governance theoretical basis
  • Development of environmental governance is viewed
    through the collaboration governance principle as
    integrated and balanced governance of
    nature-social environment interaction
  • TM 1 Module both outlines enviromental governance
    concept on vertical and horizontal integration,
    cyclic planning and implementation process, key
    approaches, and describes the contents of
    environmental governance i.e. 8 target groups,
    thematic sectors and 6 environmental governance
    dimensions.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
10
Introduction II
  • Focussing practical implementation of
    environmental governance to the local level,
    research is directed at local municipalities
    taking into account their specifics.
  • Coastal management implementation at the local
    level comprises activities by all key interest
    groups and scope of their interests, focussing in
    particular on two key target groups
  • Municipality on one side, selecting development
    planning and ICZM approach
  • Resident (household) action development on the
    other side - acting both in their internal
    environment and also affecting and participating
    in maintaining the external environment.
  • In studying the interaction of the top-down and
    bottom-up approaches, five concepts are realised
    in TM1module
  • 1. environmental governance concept and
    approaches
  • 2. municipal action development and ICZM,
  • 3. residents and household environmental
    management
  • 4. indicators how to mutually assess progress
    of actions on every level (resident, municipal)
    towards sustainability
  • 5. specific cases ICZM case studies carried out
    in a particular municipality, and recommendations
    are given to municipality on further development
    of the territory.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
11
Contents
  • Introduction to sustainable coastal development
  • Environmental governance and coastal
    municipalities from theory to practice
  • Integrated coastal zone management
  • Indicators for sustainable development local
    municipality case
  • Collaboration governance approach.
  • Household environmental management development in
    Latvia.
  • ICZM Programme Saulkrasti Municipality case

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
12
1. Introduction to sustainable development
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
13
Introduction to sustainable coastal development
  • Theoretical framework of environmental governance
    includes
  • 4P cycle model, 8 target groups, 6 environmental
    governance
  • dimensions, 8 thematic sectors
  • Coastal zones as vulnerable and densely populated
    areas
  • are in special need of good environmental
    governance
  • practice implementation several examples and
    studies
  • have been carried out on the development of such
    territories.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
14
Sustainable coastal management definition
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is a
    dynamic, multi-disciplinary and iterative process
    to promote sustainable management of coastal
    zones.
  • "Integrated" in ICZM refers to the integration of
    objectives and also to the integration of the
    many instruments needed to meet these objectives.
    It means integration of all relevant policy
    areas, sectors, and levels of administration. It
    means integration of the terrestrial and marine
    components of the target territory, in both time
    and space.
  • J.Kaulinš

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
15
Key principles for successful ICZM
  1. A broad "holistic" perspective
  2. A long term perspective
  3. Adaptive management during a gradual process
  4. Reflect local specificity
  5. Work with natural processes
  6. Participatory planning
  7. Support involvement of all relevant
    administrative bodies
  8. Use of a combination of instruments

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
16
1.4. Key tools for ICZM
  • Legislation
  • state legislation, local regulatory documents
  • Planning
  • development strategies and sector plans, spatial
    planning
  • Economics and finance
  • participation in state programmes, attraction of
    international funds, rational budget planning,
    strengthening of taxation framework
  • Infrastructure
  • traffic routes, tourism and recreation
    facilities, nature and landscape protection,
    facilitated areas
  • Communication
  • website development, local information systems

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
17
1.5. Situation analysis Integrated management
  • Stakeholder groups
  • Regulatory/planning frame analysis
  • Sectorial analysis
  • _________________________
  • Nature environment D
  • Economics Tourism E, ET
  • Social environment S
  • Governance Communication P

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
18
1.6. Indicators as part of local governance
planning
  • Documentation of IS, prepared at initial and
    implementation stages of the indicator system, is
    a relatively independent part for a
    municipality's development strategy. It could be
    designed as a handbook, containing
  • short overall description of the indicator
    system,
  • standard indicator form set.
  • List of indicators with brief descriptions could
    be prepared for publishing on municipality
    website.
  • Full indicator and system report contains
  • reports for separate indicators,
  • common assessment of sustainability and other key
    conclusions.
  • Public report on indicators could be designed as
    an illustrated and well-designed fact sheet.
  • Public report could be prepared as an appendix to
    annual municipality report and contain
  • a set of fact-sheets for separate indicators,
  • common assessment of sustainability and other key
    conclusions.
  • The main difference between the full and public
    reports is in the form of explanation and
    terminology.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
19
1.7. Coastal sustainability assessment in Europe
  • Latvia was among 9 partner countries in the EU
    INTERREG III project DEDUCE, 2003-2007.
  • Goal of the project assessment of coastal
    sustainability for partner countries.
  • Importance of project EU-supported basis for a
    unified indicator system and for preparation of
    EU directive providing for implementation and
    application of such system.
  • 45 indicators were elaborated and calculated in
    every country, illustrating the following
    branches of coastal governance (i.e., system was
    oriented towards the following goals)
  • To control the population density of natural
    areas of the coast.
  • To protect and promote the diversity of natural
    and cultural heritage.
  • To promote sustainable economy for the coast.
  • To ensure a good state of the bathing waters and
    the coast.
  • To reduce social exclusion in coastal
    communities.
  • Respectful use of natural resources.
  • To recognize the risks for the coast associated
    to climate change and to ensure the protection of
    ecosystems.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
20
1.8. Project DEDUCE Goals
  • 1. To characterize, calculate and compare the use
    and compatibility of the 28 indicators of
    sustainability proposed by the ICZM Expert Group
    in each of the territories represented by the
    partners.
  • 2. To evaluate and compare the geographical
    information systems (GIS) for the analysis and
    viewing of the state of the environment of each
    of the coastal areas and the methodologies based
    on the use of the GIS through the website
    GIS-WEB).
  • 3. To establish common models of reporting on the
    state of sustainability of the coast, in which
    the effects of human activities and their
    potentiality are evaluated and monitored.
  • 4. The drawing up of a guide for the use of the
    indicators of sustainability for examining the
    development of the state of the coast and whether
    the decision making of the governments (European,
    national, regional and local) is based on
    integrated coastal management.
  • 5. To study the possibilities of setting up bases
    for a European network specializing in
    information about the coast.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
21
Coastal zone definition Project DEDUCE
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
22
Planning documents for coastal development
  • Recommendation of the EP and of the Council
    concerning the implementation of ICZM in Europe
  • Key provisions for spatial development of coastal
    zone, 2011-2017
  • Sustainable development strategy for Latvia until
    2030
  • National environment policy plan, 2004 2008
  • Environmental policy guidelines, 2009 2015

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
23
2. Environmental governance and coastal
municipalities from theory to practice
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
24
Introduction
  • Environmental governance looks at development
    through the collaboration governance principle as
    integrated and harmonised management of
    interaction between natural and social
    environments
  • 4P cycle model forms the theoretical basis of
    environmental governance the presentation
    outlines the vertical and horizontal structure of
    environmental governance and environmental
    governance dimensions
  • Coastal zones as vulnerable and densely populated
    areas are in special need of good environmental
    governance practice implementation several
    examples and studies have been carried out on the
    development of such territories.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
25
Environmental governance and coastal
municipalities from theory to practice
  • Aim of the module is to describe the theoretical
    structure of environmental
  • management concept, 4P cycle model, thematic
    sectors, target groups,
  • dimensions.
  • Contents
  • Environmental governance guidelines
  • Environmental governance cycle
  • Environmental governance sectors
  • Environmental governance vertical structure
  • Environmental governance target groups
  • Environmental governance dimensions
  • Environmental governance approaches (J. Benders)
  • Environmental governance monitoring (J. Kaulins)
  • Collaboration governance environmental
    governance paradigm
  • Integrated coastal zone management (J. Kaulins)
  • Household environmental management
  • Climate change adaptation governance for
    municipalities

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
26
Environmental governance definition
  • Evironmental governance is a subsequent cyclic
    development of
  • environmental problem solutions policy and
    implementation planning, action
  • programming and implementation of specific
    projects as a systemic whole,
  • which ensures realisation of the key
    environmental management functions in
  • national and municipal, household and corporate
    management, in close
  • co-operation among all governmental,
    non-governmental and professional
  • interest groups.
  • (R. Ernsteins)

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
27
Environmental management cycle
  • Key functions in environmental governance
  • assessment of specific environmental problems
    caused through natural and social environment
    interaction,
  • alternative solutions planning,
  • planning of adopted decision implementation and
    control functions.
  • Environmental governance based on 4P model.
  • 4 P model consists of four complementary
    stages
  • P1 - Problem analysis,
  • P2 - Policy definition,
  • P3 Planning,
  • P4 Programming
  • Plus additionally - project development (P5)

Source Ernsteins R.
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
28
Environmental governance concepts
Environment Nature Society
Source Ernsteins R.
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
29
Environmental management dimensions and sectors
  • Environmental governance sectors
  • 6 environmental management dimensions
  1. International environmental governance dimension
  2. National environmental governance dimension
  3. Municipal environmental governance dimension
  4. Mediatory environmental governance dimension
  5. Corporate environmental governance dimension
  6. Household environmental governance dimension
  • Biodiversity
  • Earth resource and landscape management
  • Water management
  • Air and climate protection
  • Energy management
  • Waste management
  • Environmental health
  • Environmental communication

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
30
3. Integrated coastal zone management
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
31
Introduction
  • Integrated management is the most successful and
    up-to-date method for sustainable governance in
    the coastal zone. The integrated management
    method, unlike the traditional branch management
    method, deals not only with branch analysis but
    also includes branch interfaces (integrative
    problem areas) and concentrates directly on
    solving identified problems.
  • This chapter reports on the basics of the
    integrated management method and is illustrated
    with cases from management practice.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
32
Contents
  1. Key principles of integrated coastal zone
    management (ICZM)
  2. Tools and sources for ICZM
  3. Principles for elaborating integrated coastal
    zone management plan
  4. ICZM Case study EU Interreg project DEDUCE
  5. ICZM Case study Saulkrasti municipality
  6. Sources

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
33
Sustainable coastal management definition
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is a
    dynamic, multi-
  • disciplinary and iterative process to promote
    sustainable management of
  • coastal zones.
  • "Integrated" in ICZM refers to the integration of
    objectives and also to
  • the integration of the many instruments needed to
    meet these
  • objectives. It means integration of all relevant
    policy areas, sectors, and
  • levels of administration. It means integration of
    the terrestrial and
  • marine components of the target territory, in
    both time and space.
  • J.Kaulinš

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
34
4. Indicators for sustainable development
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
35
Indicators for sustainable development
  • Sustainable development is a very complex
    process. It can be measured
  • correctly only when the numerous variable factors
    are taken into account.
  • It can be done with the help of the indicator
    method, where any indicator
  • is a strictly formalised numeric value or group
    of similar values. Indicators
  • are linked in a logical system and their
    measurements let us judge the
  • overall sustainability or success in individual
    sectors.
  • This chapter reports on the principles of
    designing an indicator and
  • indicator systems and provides illustrations from
    practical experience
  • cases.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
36
Contents
  • 1. General principles for sustainable and
    integrative management
  • 2. Indicators for governance
  • 3. Coastal zone indicator distinctions
  • 4. Indicator systems
  • 5. The role of indicators in planning processes
  • 6. Information for indicators
  • 7. Documentation for indicators
  • 8. Basic principles for the assessment of
    indicators
  • 9. Use of indicators for assessment of coastal
    sustainability cases
  • 10. Problems and limits for using indicator
    method
  • 11. Sources

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
37
Why indicators?
  • An indicator is something that helps you
    understand where
  • you are, which way you are going and how far you
    are from
  • where you want to be. A good indicator alerts you
    to a
  • problem before it gets too bad and helps you
    recognize what
  • needs to be done to fix the problem. They allow
    you to
  • see where the problem areas are and help show the
    way to
  • fix those problems.
  • (Maureen Hart, 2006).

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
38
Systems of indicators
  • Allow separating general and specific (coastal in
    our case) information
  • Allow demonstrating different facets of common
    processes
  • Analysis of various indicators in their
    interrelations allows making integrative decisions

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
39
Indicators and stakeholders
  • Elaboration of an indicator system embodies one
    of the most effective forms of public
    participation because
  • indicators offer new information for the public,
  • elaboration of indicators, data gathering and
    calculation involves somebody possessing
    important information.
  • Indicator initiative processes are not less
    significant than the result the elaborated
    indicators.
  • Indicators are a tool of information helping to
    simplify it, determine priorities for data
    gathering and provide an opportunity of good
    visual display for calculated information. A
    selected set of indicators is part of the data
    flow that can be used for qualitative decisions
    and well-planned activities. Thus, the process of
    elaboration of indicators and an indicator set is
    directly connected to strategic development
    planning.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
40
Indicator as an element of communication
  • Clearly defined by matter formulating values
    with real significance (household income, etc.).
  • With political meaning for all forces forming the
    political system for a given level of governance.
  • Getting an appropriate overview of situation
    not too much and not too little.
  • Interesting, challenging stakeholders to take
    specific measures.
  • Democratic the public must know the results of
    measurements done by experts results must be
    accessible.
  • Complementary and involving the public
    selection and calculation of indicators is the
    task of professionals, but measuring and
    discussion can and must be public.
  • Open for discussions, changes and development.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
41
5. Collaboration governance approach
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
42
Contents
  • The aim of the chapter is to describe the
    collaboration governance model
  • structure. The model is proposed to serve as the
    fundamental model of
  • environmental management. The main principle is
    collaboration realization
  • among all involved actors and stakeholders for
    governance sector
  • development.
  • Collaboration governance model structure
  • Governance stakeholders collaboration development
  • Vertical and horizontal integrative thematic
    collaboration development
  • Instruments collaboration development
  • Assessement system development
  • Governance collaboration communication
    development
  • Collaboration management model approbation for
    governance sector development Saulkrasti county
  • Governance collaboration model
  • Bibliography

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
43
Introduction
  • The Collaboration governance model consists of 5
    main components and 17 sub-components
  • The model has been approbated in Saulkrasti
    county for governance sector development
    planning.
  • The model has generally been assessed as
    applicable for governance sector development
    planning it is suitable for systemic policy
    programming work.
  • Ernsteins R. 2008

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
44
The key components of collaboration governance
model
  • Governance stakeholders collaboration
    development
  • Vertical and horizontal integrative thematic
    collaboration development
  • Instruments collaboration development
  • Assessment system collaboration development
  • Governance communication development.
  • Ernsteins R.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
45
Collaboration governance model
  • Governance stakeholders collaboration development
  • Local government internal stakeholders
    collaboration development
  • Vertical collaboration development
  • Horizontal collaboration development
  • Local government external collaboration
    development
  • Local government collaboration with local
    stakeholders
  • Local government collaboration with other
    stakeholders
  • Vertical and horizontal integrative thematic
    collaboration
  • Vertical collaboration development among sector
    actors
  • Horizontal collaboration development among sector
    actors
  • Development of Instruments collaboration
  • Planning instruments development
  • Legislation and administrative instruments
    development
  • Infrastructure and institutional instruments
    development
  • Financial and economic instruments development
  • Communication instruments development
  • Integrative instruments collaboration
    development.
  • Ernsteins R.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
46
Collaboration governance model
  • Assessment system development
  • Bottomup assessment approach development
  • Topdown assessment approach development
  • Development of integrative top-down and bottom-up
    approaches in assessment process
  • Governance collaboration communication
  • development
  • Governance collaboration information development
  • Governance collaboration education development
  • Governance collaboration participation
    development
  • Good governance collaboration practice
    development
  • Ernsteins R.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
47
6. Household environmental management
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
48
Introduction
  • The aim of this chapter is to introduce issues
    related to household sustainable
  • consumption development in Latvia.
  • The household is the first life-cycle environment
    and households are the main consumer sector in
    Latvia. At the same time, in realizing
    sustainable consumption, households are
    influenced by various factors and actors in the
    external environment as well as internal.
  • Household environmental management development in
    Latvia needs to be
  • promoted with a systemic approach.
  • Contents
  • Households and sustainable consumption
  • Need for household sustainable consumption in
    Latvia
  • Environmentally friendly behaviour impact
    factors in Latvia
  • Household environmental management
  • Household environmental management instruments
  • Household environmental management development in
    Latvia

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
49
Introduction
  • Household environmental management (HEM) is
    defined as one of 6 environmental governance
    dimensions it focuses on household sustainable
    consumption promotion
  • Presentation introduces current developments in
    household sustainable consumption promotion in
    Latvia
  • Principal consumption categories with highest
    impact on environment are housing, food and
    transport
  • Housing cluster has been described indepth,
    analyzing the structure and key actions in each
    sub-sector.
  • Presentation includes 5 practical examples in HEM
    development in Latvian context
  • Municipal competition example Liepaja
    competition on neatest building
  • Resident self-organization example idea actions
  • Riga household example
  • Valmiera city municipal action example
  • Expert evaluation on household environmental
    management development in Latvia

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
50
Household environmental management
  • Household environmental management (HEM) is
    environmental management of a dwelling (private
    house, appartment) and its surroundings either
    individually or jointly by the residents of a
    specific territory, including environmentaly
    friendly
  • building environment,
  • Energy supply and use
  • Water supply and use
  • Food consumption
  • other everyday products, goods or services
    consumption
  • Waste management
  • Mobility
  • Leisure activities and lifestyle
  • HEM includes the entire environmental management
    cycle from situation assessment and environmental
    policy development to solutions planning and
    action programming for practical activities in
    the management of a dwelling and its internal and
    external environment.
  • (Lice, Ensteins 2010)

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
51
7. ICZM Programme Saulkrasti municipality case
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
52
Introduction
  • This chapter gives further details about the
    integrated coastal
  • zone management case of Saulkrasti municipality
    elaboration of
  • integrated management guidelines, system of
    indicators for
  • measurement of success of management progress and
    overview
  • about proposed demonstaration projects for
    implementation of
  • the management programme.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
53
Contents
  1. Saulkrasti municipality
  2. Key components of ICZM guidelines
  3. Integrative problem areas overview
  4. Integrative problem areas analysis
  5. Other components indicators for sustainable
    governance and demonstration projects
  6. Conclusions
  7. Sources

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
54
Sustainability blocks in Saulkrasti municipality
  • Natural environment
  • Economic environment
  • Tourism environment (analysed separately as of
    particular importance for Saulkrasti municipality
    development)
  • Social environment
  • Governance and communication

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
55
Coastal zone
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
56
Principal integrative problem areas in Saulkrasti
municipality
  1. The protective zone for coastal dunes erosion,
    management, biodiversity
  2. Implementation of strategic management principles
    in public services sector
  3. Port complex
  4. Development planning
  5. Resources of nature, cultural history and
    recreation as preconditions for tourism
    development

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
57
Principal integrative problem areas in Saulkrasti
municipality
  1. Role of entrepeneurship in promotion of tourism
    development
  2. Quality of life for residents
  3. Polycentricity, or existance of several centres
    with equivalent dominance in the municipality
    area
  4. Collaboration governance for coastal
    municipality
  5. ICZM coastal communication

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
J.K.2010
58
Integrative problem areas the analysis structure
  • Problem formulation
  • Policy values, intentions and goals
  • Key policy principles
  • Policy declaration
  • Spheres of activity
  • Preconditions, resources and tools
  • Indicators
  • Basis for the management cycle

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
59
Indicator system for measuring coastal
sustainability in Saulkrasti
  • D1. Green frame status
  • D2. Potential environmental loads from public
    utilities
  • D3. Air quality and climate change factors
  • D4. Surface water quality
  • D5. Land use development
  • D6. Nature risks
  • E1. Economically active people
  • E2. Municipality budget
  • E3. Traffic routes
  • E4. Skulte port development
  • E5. Tourism characteristics ET
  • S1. Health care characteristics
  • S2. Support for cultural environment
  • S3. Employment and entrepreneurship
  • S4. Social care and social security
  • S5. Education system characteristics
  • S6. Social life quality
  • TOTAL 24 indicators, 55 measurements

P1. Activities for environment preservation P2.
Public information on environmental events P3.
Activities in non-governmental sector I1. Number
of residents I2. Area development index I3. Area
attractiveness index I4. Opinions of residents
COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
60
Characteristics of coastal zone in Saulkrasti
  • Coastal zone is the main geospatial factor
    impacting Saulkrasti municipality development,
    presenting the largest possibilities and
    simultaneously creating significant problems.
    Most of coastal problems have a legislative
    solution, but it does not solve the whole
    spectrum of problems.
  • The key factor promoting entrepreneurship
    Skulte port. Relatively large impact of
    seasonality. Other entrepreneurship is not
    affected considerably by coastal presence, but
    has all the possibilities to use it to its
    advantage.
  • The infrastructure of tourism is not closely
    integrated with the coastal zone. However, the
    close seashore and seasonality are the key
    factors impacting their activities. Only some
    objectives of tourism are principally and closely
    connected with the seashore.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
61
Characteristics of coastal zone in Saulkrasti
  • Clean-up and maintenance work is done in summer
    on the seashore, incl. environmentally friendly
    actions. Current problems seasonal littering in
    coastal dunes and other forest areas, mechanical
    loads (trampling down, etc.).
  • Water supply and sewage networking area
    reconstruction and enlargement. High level of
    information to residents about it. Networking is
    insufficient and in a bad technical condition.
  • The significancy of seashore and internal waters
    is neglected in the town's and municipality's
    symbolic representations. Opportunities afforded
    by the seashore, apart from some mass events at
    summer, are reflected in the cultural environment
    unsatisfactorily.

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
62
ICZM in Saulkrasti municipality as good practice
case
  • Identification of integrative problem areas as a
    significant stage in integrated planning process
  • Possible to measure sustainability of coastal
    development processes with a corresponding system
    of indicators for the first time in national
    practice!
  • Full planning cycle 4P supported
  • Numerous possible demonstration projects as idea
    store
  • ICZM approach model project as sample for other
    coastal zone municipalities

COBWEB, Interreg IV A, the European Union
2011 University of Latvia, Department of
Environmental Management R. Ernšteins, J.
Kaulinš, E. Lice, V. Antons, S. Kuršinska
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