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Beowulf and the Anglo Saxons

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Beowulf and the Anglo Saxons It s An Island! The sea is really important to British culture as well as the idea of sea power. (Navy, Trade) Really temperate climate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beowulf and the Anglo Saxons


1
Beowulf and the Anglo Saxons
2
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3
Its An Island!
  • The sea is really important to British culture as
    well as the idea of sea power. (Navy, Trade)
  • Really temperate climate
  • England itself is the best farm land.
  • England is isolated from mainland Europe.

4
Invasions
  • British history is the history of a series of
    invasions from mainland Europe. Each successive
    wave brought advancement in technology and
    culture.

5
Neolithic People
We know relatively little about the Stone Age
inhabitants of Britain. Stone Age people means
that they used mostly stone tools, had some
farming, and lived in small settlements. One of
the big mysteries is Stonehenge. What is it for?
(astronomical clock? Showing off prominence?
They got bored? )
6
The Celts
  • 7th Century BCE
  • Came from mainland Europe.
  • Brought iron weapons and tools.
  • Celt is a language group that covers many
    different tribes
  • Later, were pushed into Ireland, Scotland, and
    Wales by the Anglo-Saxons

7
The Romans
  • 50BCE to 400CE
  • Built roads, towns, and more.
  • Mostly, only the rich adopted Roman customs.
  • The Celts became Christian.

8
But then Rome fell
  • The Celts went back to acting like Celts.
  • Everybody else in Europe went back to pillaging
    and warring.
  • 400-ish CE

9
In come the Anglo-Saxons!
  • 450-ish CE
  • Came from Germany, Denmark-ish
  • First they came as pirates, then mercenaries,
    then colonists.
  • King Vortigen, a Celt, hired them to protect him
    from other warring Celtic kingdoms, but instead
    they took over.

10
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11
England Angle-land
  • This is the start of England as we know it.
  • This is the start of English as a language. The
    Angles brought a version of early German with
    them, what we call Old English.

12
Anglo-Saxon England
  • The Angles established various kingdoms and
    became Christian.
  • The first united English king isnt until 900s.
  • They pushed the Celts into Scotland, Ireland,
    Wales
  • They also had to deal with the new invaders,
    Vikings from Scandinavia!

13
Anglo-Saxon Culture
  • Warriors were heavily admired.
  • Kings ruled small communities and ruled over
    warriors (Thanes). They gave gifts to earn
    loyalty.
  • The next king was not the old kings son He was
    the coolest warrior and agreed upon by the people.

14
Anglo-Saxon Culture
  • Non-warriors were roughly equal and worked
    together to farm, craft, cook.
  • Center of village is Meadhall, where everyone
    eats and hangs out.

15
Stages of the English Language
  • Old English- Pretty Much German- 450-1066ish
  • Middle English- Add In Some French- 1066-1500ish
  • Early Modern- Shakespeares English 1500ish to
    1800ish
  • Modern- What We Speak- 1800ish to now

16
Beowulf Lit Terms
  • Epic long story (narrative) poem about a hero
  • Verse Poetry, in lines and stanzas
  • Kenning two(ish)-word renaming of something
    (boob tube, idiot box, cancer stick)
  • Caesura stopping punctuation in the middle of a
    line, a period or big dash!
  • Alliteration two or more words in a row that
    start with the same letter or sound
  • Theme The main ideas of a literary work, not
    just the plot
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