The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066

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The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066 Beowulf exists in only one manuscript. This copy survived both the wholesale destruction of religious artifacts during the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066


1
The Anglo-Saxon Period 449-1066
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  • Beowulf exists in only one manuscript. This copy
    survived both the wholesale destruction of
    religious artifacts during the dissolution of the
    monasteries by Henry VIII and a disastrous fire
    which destroyed the library of Sir Robert Bruce
    Cotton (1571-1631).
  • The poem still bears the scars of the fire,
    visible at the upper left corner of the
    photograph. The Beowulf manuscript is now housed
    in the British Library, London.

4
  • Weapons were ornate. They were elaborate symbols
    of a warriors strength.
  • The Mead Hall (Herot) was a safe haven for
    warriors returning from battle.
  • It was also a place of community where traditions
    were preserved, loyalty was rewarded, and stories
    were told.
  • This epic poem is a part of the oral tradition.
    Bards, or scops, would have told stories like
    Beowulf, instead of writing them down.
  • Characteristics of the Anglo-Saxons
  • They were a warring society, and their country
    was prone to invasions by neighboring kings.
  • Kings and warriors were expected to be generous,
    courageous, and loyal.
  • People lived close together in clans for
    protection. This created a strong sense of
    community.
  • The honor of warriors and kings rested in their
    reputation. They boasted about their triumphs.

5
  • Pagan Religion (Celtic)
  • Belie in many gods with a focus on the power of
    Nature
  • Believe in Fate
  • Belief in the
  • supernatural

6
  • Christianity
  • Belief in one God
  • Control over destiny
  • Came with the spread of literacy
  • (Though widespread literacy will not be a
    reality until the 15th century.)

7
  • The Poem Beowulf
  • Epic
  • Based on myth, legend, facts, folktale
  • Hero vs. Monsters
  • Poem is an allegory for the battle between good
    and evil.
  • It also contains many biblical allusions, because
    our version was most likely written by a monk.

8
  • Characteristics of the Style
    Story______
  • Violence
  • Bloodshed
  • Fear
  • Family name
  • Reputation
  • Songlike
  • Alliteration
  • Imagery
  • Kennings

9
The Universal Story of Good vs Evil
10
Tone Somber Elegiac
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