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US Foreign Aid: Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century

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Advance Peace and Security Regional Security Avert and resolve local and regional conflicts to preserve ... the Pacific --Europe and Central Asia Advance ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: US Foreign Aid: Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century


1
US Foreign Aid Meeting the Challenges of the
21st Century
  • US Agency for International Development
  • January 2005

2
Development can succeed
  • 50 Years of Development Gains
  • Average infant mortality in developing countries
    equivalent to 1950s industrialized countries
  • From 1951 to 1998, if population living on
    1/day dropped from 55 to 20
  • In 1950s, 27 world population had life
    expectancy less than 40 years. By 2000, only .2
    remain that low.
  • In 1950s, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia and
    Thailand all considered basket cases

3
Challenges are growing.
  • Post-Cold War context Globalization and War on
    Terror
  • Increasing demands for foreign aid
  • Multiple actors in foreign aid

4
Mission State Department and US Agency for
International Development
  • Create a more secure, democratic and prosperous
    world for the benefit of the American people and
    the international community.
  • Principal aims are anchored in the Presidents
    National Security Strategydiplomacy, defense and
    DEVELOMENT.

5
Creating a more secure, democratic and prosperous
world
  • First, we will strive to build and maintain
    strong bilateral and multilateral relationships
    in pursuit of our mission.
  • Second, we must protect our nation, our allies,
    and our friends against the transnational dangers
    and enduring threats arising from tyranny,
    poverty and disease.

6
Create a more secure, democratic and prosperous
world (cont.)
  • Third, in confronting the intersection of
    traditional and transnational challenges, we will
    combine our diplomatic skills and development
    assistance to act boldly to foster a more
    democratic and prosperous world integrated into
    the global economy.

7
Protect US national interests and advance peace,
security and sustainable development
  • Focus on the following key priorities during the
    FY 2004-2009 timeframe
  • --Arab-Israeli Peace
  • --A Stable and Democratic Iraq
  • --Democracy and Economic Freedom in the Muslim
    World.

8
National interests,advance peace,
security,sustainable development (cont.)
  • A Stable and Democratic Afghanistan
  • Reduction of the North Korean Threat to the
    Region and World.
  • Reduction of Tensions between India and Pakistan
  • Drug Eradication and Democracy in the Andean
    Region
  • Strengthen Alliances and Partnerships

9
National interests,advance peace and security,
and sustainable development (cont.)
  • A more Effective and Accountable United Nations.
  • HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care.
  • Reduced Threat of Famine.
  • Accountable Development Assistance
  • Aligning Diplomacy and Development Assistance.

10
Advance Peace and Security
  • Regional SecurityAvert and resolve local and
    regional conflicts to preserve peace and minimize
    harm.
  • --Israel and the Palestinians
  • --South Asia
  • --East Asia and the Pacific
  • --Europe and Central Asia

11
Advance Peace and Security (cont)
  • Regional Security (cont)
  • --Persian Gulf
  • --Africa
  • --Sudan
  • --Western Hemisphere
  • Counter-TerrorismPrevent attacks against the US,
    our allies, and our friends, and strengthen
    alliances and international arrangements to
    defeat global terrorism.

12
Advance Peace and Security (cont)
  • Homeland SecurityProtect the homeland by
    enhancing the security of our borders and
    infrastructure.
  • Weapons of Mass DestructionReduce the threat of
    weapons of mass destruction to the US, our
    allies, and our friends.
  • International Crime and DrugsMinimize the impact
    of international crime and illegal drugs on the
    US and its citizens.

13
Advance Sustainable Development and Global
Interests
  • Democracy and Human RightsAdvance the growth of
    democracy and good governance, including civil
    society, the rule of law, respect for human
    rights, and religious freedom.
  • Economic Prosperity and SecurityStrengthen world
    economic growth, development, and stability,
    while expanding opportunities for US businesses
    and ensuring economic security for the nation.

14
Advance Sustainable Development and Global
Interests (cont.)
  • Social and Environmental IssuesImprove health,
    education, environment, and other conditions for
    the global population.
  • Humanitarian ResponseMinimize the human costs of
    displacement, conflicts, and natural disasters.

15
Promote International Understanding
  • Public Diplomacy and Public AffairsIncrease
    understanding for American values, policies and
    initiative to crease a receptive international
    environment.

16
More Accountable Development Assistance?
  • To clarify the challenges of the development
    leg of the NSS
  • To apply the effectiveness principles of the MCA
    to our development assistance
  • To reduce conflict among multiple
    objectives/goals of bilateral foreign aid
  • To manage more strategically and get greater
    clearer results
  • National Security Strategygtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgt
  • Effectiveness gtgtgtgtgtgtgt
  • Policy Coherence gtgtgtgt
  • Strategic Mgt/Results gtgtgt

17
Five Core Operational Goals
  • Promote transformational development
  • Strengthen fragile states
  • Support strategic states
  • Provide humanitarian relief
  • Address global, transnational and other special
    concerns

18
A New Approach to Foreign AssistanceClarify
Goals, Align Resources, Manage Strategically
Targeted resources for each goal
Distinct approaches for each goal
Different yardsticks for measuring results of each goal
Country performance-based programming where it makes the most sense, and
More centralized programming where that makes the most sense
19
Transformational Development
  • Tailor assistance to the different opportunities
    presented by each sub-group
  • Threshold countries. Qualify countries for MCA.
  • Good performers. Support development progress in
    ruling justly, economic opportunity and investing
    in people.
  • Fair performers. Support reasonable
    opportunities (e.g., committed leadership) for
    development.
  • Middle income countries. Smooth and phase the
    shift from development resources to private
    resources.

20
Strengthen Fragile States
  • Fragile states umbrella term for failing,
    failed and recovering states.
  • Many weak performers may actually be fragile
    states.
  • Poor governance is a central issue most lack
    legitimacy and/or effectiveness
  • Approach
  • Goals stabilization, reform and recovery
  • Priority Sectors security, political, economic
    and social
  • Partners assist state and non-state actors
  • Integrated Responses

21
Support Strategic States
  • The Congress or the Administration identifies
    countries and sets levels based on foreign policy
    priorities, not development criteria.
  • Programs defined by foreign policy objectives but
    may also address development or fragility issues.
  • Policy goals supporting development objectives
    will improve likelihood of long-term success.
  • Success measured against objectives of
    assistancewhich may or may not include
    development.

22
Provide Humanitarian Assistance
  • Available to all countries without conditions.
  • Provide based on urgent need not on performance
    criteria.
  • Address systemic failures where disasters have
    become a chronic condition.

23
Address Global/Transnational Issues
  • Selection of countries and resource levels based
    on severity of the problem and problems
    importance to U.S. security.
  • Coherent USG approach across agencies is vital.
  • Public/private partnerships particularly relevant
    in this goal area.

24
Improving Effectiveness
  • Aid effectiveness requires progress in two areas
  • Selectivity
  • Among countries
  • Assistance priorities within countries
  • Policy coherence
  • Identification of clear goals
  • Integrated approaches across sectors and agencies
    for each goal

25
Development Assistance Strategy
Economic Prosperity and Security Democracy, Governance and Human Rights Social and Environment Issues Human-itarian Asst
Promote Transformational Development --Performers/Reformers --Fair Performers --Non-Reformers
Strengthen Fragile States --Vulnerable --Crisis
Support Strategic States
Address Transnational Issues
26
Thank you.
  • Arigato!

27
(No Transcript)
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