Bloodborne Pathogen Training for Madison Metropolitan School District Employees - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Bloodborne Pathogen Training for Madison Metropolitan School District Employees


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Title: Bloodborne Pathogen Training for Madison Metropolitan School District Employees

Bloodborne Pathogen Training for Madison
Metropolitan School District Employees
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms found in
    human blood that can cause disease in humans.
    These pathogens include, but are not limited to
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
  • Cause of Hepatitis B, a serious liver disease
  • Symptoms include jaundice (yellow eyes and skin),
    fatigue, nausea
  • Once infected, a person can remain a carrier for
  • Half of all carriers have no symptoms at all
  • Can result in liver failure and death
  • 5000 deaths in U.S. annually
  • No cure
  • There is a vaccine

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
  • Causes Hepatitis C disease
  • Similar symptoms to Hepatitis B
  • Carriers may have no symptoms
  • 3 million people in the U.S. are chronically
    infected with HCV
  • Leading indicator for liver transplantation in
    the U.S.
  • 10,000 die annually from HCV
  • No vaccine

Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)
  • Virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency
    Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Attacks and breaks down the bodys immune system
  • As of August 2006, 1.15 million infected in the
  • Treatable, but not curable, with antiviral drugs
  • No vaccine

Bloodborne Pathogens can be contracted
  • when open skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose,
    mouth) come in contact with blood or other body
    fluids such as
  • Semen
  • Vaginal secretions
  • Any body tissue or fluid that contains visible
  • Or by puncturing the skin with sharp objects that
    are contaminated with these fluids
  • Needles
  • Glass
  • Scalpels
  • Knives
  • School employees may be at risk of exposure to
    bloodborne pathogens as a result of caring for
    children or adults, or through their daily work

OSHA Standards
  • The Madison Metropolitan School District has
    developed an Exposure Control Plan in accordance
    with the Occupational Safety Health
    Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor
  • The Exposure Control Plan is designed to
    eliminate or minimize the risk to employees from
    exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens

Exposure Control Plan
  1. Hepatitis B vaccination
  2. Standard Precautions
  3. Personal Protective Equipment
  4. Handwashing
  5. Housekeeping
  6. Disposal of waste
  7. What to do if you are exposed

Hepatitis B Vaccination
  • A three-shot vaccination series
  • Offered by MMSD free of charge for employees in
    job classifications that are likely to be
  • Nurses
  • Nurses assistants
  • Custodians
  • School Security Assistants
  • Special Education Assistants

2. Standard Precautions
  • All human blood and certain human body fluids and
    non-intact skin should be treated as if known to
    be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne
  • Cover all hand cuts and abrasions with a bandaid
    prior to contact with others
  • Do not eat, smoke, apply cosmetics or lip balm
    when or where it is likely that blood or body
    fluid contact may occur

3. Personal Protective Equipment(PPE)
  • A barrier between the employee and the
    potentially infectious material
  • Available from the school district at no cost to
    the employee
  • Examples of PPE
  • Gloves
  • Masks
  • Aprons
  • Gowns
  • CPR masks
  • Mouthpieces
  • Protective eyewear
  • Face shields
  • Lab coats

3. Personal Protective Equipment(PPE)Gloves
  • Gloves are the most common PPE used in schools
  • Gloves must be worn whenever contact with
    potentially infectious material is possible,
    including when cleaning body fluid spills
  • If gloves are penetrated, torn or contaminated,
    remove immediately and dispose of without
    touching the outside of the glove
  • Hypoallergenic gloves are available to employees

4. Handwashing
  • The single most effective way to prevent
  • Hands must be washed after contact with blood,
    body fluids, excretions or secretions
  • Hands must be washed immediately after removing
  • Use liquid soap and running water and a clean
    paper towel for drying
  • If using alcohol-based hand sanitizer, wash with
    soap and water as soon as possible

5. Housekeeping Controls
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that have been in
    contact with potentially infectious materials as
    soon as possible
  • Use a broom and dustpan, never your hands, to
    pick up broken glass or other contaminated sharp
  • Contact a custodian, school nurse or nurses
    assistant for proper decontamination of body
    fluid spills

6. Disposal of Waste
  • Dispose of contaminated sharps (needles, scalpel
    blades, etc) in closable, puncture proof Sharps
    Disposal Containers (located in school health
    offices)- never in the trash
  • Bins, pails, cans and other receptacles likely to
    be contaminated must be cleaned and disinfected

7. What to do if you are exposed(Post-Exposure
  • Dont panic
  • Wash exposed area with soap and running water
  • If eye or mucous membrane exposure occurs, flush
    the area with a large amount of water
  • Immediately report exposure to the school nurse
    in your building, your supervisor or the MMSD
    Health Services Coordinator.
  • MMSD will provide post-exposure care and
    follow-up if a significant exposure has occurred
  • Remember that not all who are exposed will become
    infected. Your chances of infection can be
    decreased by taking the actions outlined in this

  • The complete OSHA Standard for Bloodborne
    Pathogens can be viewed at
  • The complete MMSD Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure
    Control Plan can be accessed by contacting MMSD
    Student Services, Doyle Administration Building

  • If you have any questions after viewing this
    presentation, contact MMSD Student Services at
  • Please explain that you have a question about the
    Bloodborne Pathogens Powerpoint Training.

  • U.S. Department of Labor- Occupational Safety and
    Health Administration Regulations (Standards 29
    CFR) Bloodborne pathogens 1910.1030
  • Madison Metropolitan School District Bloodborne
    Pathogens Exposure Control Plan
  • Department of Health and Human Services Centers
    for Disease Control (CDC)
  • Photos
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