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Bloodborne Pathogen Training for School Personnel

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Title: Bloodborne Pathogen Training for School Personnel


1
Bloodborne Pathogen Training for School
Personnel
  • Knox City OBrien CISD
  • Rebecca Clark, RN, BSN
  • School Nurse

Courtesy of Robin Wallin, RN, MSN, Alexandria
City Schools
2
Mandatory Annual Bloodborne Pathogen Training
  • Reviewing this PowerPoint presentation will meet
    the bloodborne pathogen annual training
    requirement for MCISD.
  • When you have reviewed the material, follow
    directions for taking the quiz at the end of the
    presentation. You just need to pring out the
    sheet you sign with your quiz selections circled.
    Questions are on slide, answer sheet on form.

3
MCISD Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan
  • MCISD has a written Bloodborne Exposure Control
    Plan which all employees can reference.
  • Copies of this plan may be found in the main
    office of each school, in the nurses office at
    each school, and in the administration office

4
What is a Bloodborne Disease?
  • Bloodborne pathogens are germs that are found in
    the bloodstream and can cause disease in humans.
  • Examples of common bloodborne diseases include
    Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV (AIDS)

5
Facts about Hepatitis
  • Hepatitis B (HBV) is a virus spread by blood or
    through sexual contact. There is a vaccine for
    HBV. HBV can live on surfaces for 7-10 days.
  • Hepatitis C (HCV) is spread the same way, but
    there is not a vaccine for HCV.

6
Facts about HIV
  • HIV is the virus that causes Acquired Immune
    Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It weakens the
    bodys immune system leading to serious
    infections and diseases.
  • More than 1,000,000 Americans are infected with
    the HIV virus.
  • There is no cure or vaccine available at this
    time.

7
Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Transmission of a bloodborne pathogen can occur
    any time that blood or certain other body fluids
    from an infected person enters the body of
    someone else through a break in the skin or
    mucous membrane, sexual contact, sharing of
    needles, or blood transfusions.
  • Sweat, tears, saliva, vomit, urine, and feces are
    not considered to be potentially infectious
    unless visible blood is present.

8
Universal Precautions
  • Universal precautions are practices and
    procedures that help prevent the transmission of
    bloodborne pathogens.

9
Using Universal Precautions
  • All blood and body fluids should be treated as if
    they could be infectious.
  • Following careful procedures can prevent
    exposures.
  • Handwashing is the best way to prevent spreading
    infections.

10
Good Handwashing
  • Wet hands thoroughly under warm or cold water.
  • Dispense liquid soap into hands.
  • Vigorously rub hands together for one minute,
    paying particular attention to the nails,
    cuticles, spaces between the fingers, and under
    jewelry.
  • Rinse hands thoroughly.
  • Dry hands with disposable towel.
  • Use towel to turn off the water.
  • Dispose of paper towel into a waste receptacle.

11
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Disposable Gloves used for provision of first
    aid, or contact with any blood or other
    potentially infectious materials
  • Every teacher and every school office employee
    has a supply of gloves bandaids leave a note
    in your nurses mailbox when you need more!
  • Every school bus has a first aid kit and gloves
    notify your supervisor if you need more.
  • Custodians and cafeteria staff have their own
    gloves that meet requirements for their areas and
    their jobs.

12
Additional Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Every Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) in
    the school has an accessory pouch that includes
    gloves and a CPR mask.
  • Sharps containers, red biohazard bags, utility
    gloves, goggles, aprons and gowns these are
    provided for certain areas with high risk for
    bloodborne exposure
  • Ask your school nurse if you are concerned that
    you need something you dont have

13
Using Disposable Gloves
  • Maintain a supply of disposable gloves in a
    readily accessible location.
  • When giving first aid or wound care, always wear
    gloves.
  • Students should clean their own wounds if
    possible.
  • Slip each hand into a clean glove, pulling it
    snugly over the fingers to assure a good fit.
  • Pull glove over the wrist as far as it will go to
    maximize coverage.
  • Do not reuse gloves

14
Safe Removal of Gloves
  • Remove gloves by turning the glove inside out as
    it is pulled over the hand. During the removal
    of the second glove, avoid touching the outer
    surface by slipping the fingers of the ungloved
    hand under the glove and pulling it inside out as
    it is pulled over the hand.
  • Dispose of used gloves in a waste container lined
    with a plastic bag.
  • Wash hands thoroughly following hand washing
    procedures.

15
Clean Ups
  • Call custodian to clean up blood or body fluids
    on surfaces.
  • Custodians will use germicidal cleaners which
    kill bloodborne pathogens.
  • Items contaminated with blood should be disposed
    of in a plastic lined pail. If very large
    amounts of blood are present, biohazard disposal
    bags are used (available in the nurses office).

16
First Aid for Bloody Noses
  • Have student pinch nostrils with tissue for at
    least 5-10 minutes
  • Have student sit upright with their head leaning
    slightly forward (this is best done where and
    when the nose bleed is first noted)
  • If assistance is needed, always put on gloves
    first
  • Student and caregiver should always wash hands
    well when bleeding has stopped
  • Seek nursing evaluation if the nose bleed lasts
    more than 5 minutes and does not resolve with
    above treatment.

17
First Aid for Cuts and Scrapes
  • Student should wash affected area with soap and
    water
  • Those providing assistance should always wear
    gloves
  • Contaminated clothing should be sealed in a
    plastic bag to be washed at home
  • Contaminated surfaces should be cleaned and
    disinfected

18
First Aid for Human Bites
  • Wash affected area right away with soap and water
  • Seek evaluation by the school nurse
  • Human bites that break the skin can transmit a
    bloodborne disease

19
Exposure to Body Fluids
  • Always wear gloves when coming in contact with
    body fluids
  • Clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces and
    objects
  • Contaminated materials should be double bagged
    and put into a plastic lined trash can.
    Materials containing large quantities of liquid
    blood should be placed in a biohazard red bag
    available in the nurses office

20
Significant Exposure
  • Any puncture of the skin by a sharp object such
    as a needle that contained blood or body fluids
  • Mucous membranes of nose, mouth or eyes
    splattered with blood
  • Exposure of broken/open skin with blood, saliva,
    urine or vomitus (e.g. bites)

21
Post Exposure Protocol
  • Wash exposed area immediately with soap and
    water.
  • Report exposure to the principal and school nurse
  • MCISD will arrange medical evaluation for any
    exposed employee. This will include any
    necessary immunizations or blood tests.

22
Hepatitis B Vaccine
  • Staff whose position puts them at increased risk
    for bloodborne pathogen exposure may request the
    HBV vaccine series.
  • All MCISD students are required to be vaccinated
    against Hepatitis B (unless they obtain a
    religious or medical exemption).

23
At Risk Staff per MCISD Bloodborne Pathogens
Policy
  • Designated athletic coaches
  • Designated building custodians
  • Teachers/assistants working with students with or
    without identified disabilities/illnesses
  • Staff designated to provide First Aid

24
If you need Hepatitis B Vaccine because of your
job duties
  • See the school nurse
  • This is a once in a lifetime vaccine, requiring 3
    shots over 6 months
  • All employees should consider adding their
    immunization record to the Adult Version of
    ImmTrac for safe keeping.

25
Resources for More Information
  • Your School Nurse, Rebecca Clark, RN, BSN
    940.203.0008
  • Texas Department of Health (https//www.dshs.state
    .tx.us/)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    (http//www.cdc.gov/)

26
Take the Test!
  • Now you are ready to test your knowledge and
    take the MCISD Bloodborne Pathogens Training Test!

27
True or False
  • ____ 1. Bloodborne pathogens are germs that are
    found in the bloodstream and can cause
  • disease in humans.

28
True or False
  • 2. Common bloodborne diseases include Hepatitis
    B, Hepatitis C and HIV (AIDS).

29
True or False
  • ____ 3. There are vaccines available to prevent
    Hepatitis C and HIV.

30
True or False
  • ____ 4. Universal precautions are practices and
    procedures that help prevent the transmission of
    bloodborne pathogens.

31
True or False
  • ____ 5. Bloodborne pathogens are only found in
    blood and not other body fluids.

32
True or False
  • ____ 6. Handwashing is the best way to prevent
    the spread of infections.

33
True or False
  • ____ 7. Disposable gloves should be used when
    providing first aid or when coming in contact
    with any blood or other potentially infectious
    materials.

34
True or False
  • ____ 8. If a child has a bloody nose, the most
    important first step in treating them is to get
    them to the nurses health office as soon as
    possible.

35
True or False
  • ____9. Blood and body fluid spills should be
    cleaned and disinfected by the custodian.

36
True or False
  • ___ 10. The MCISD Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure
    Control Plan is available in every school office
    and school health office.

37
True or False
  • ___ 11. You only need to wash your hands after
    wearing gloves when providing first aid if there
    was a tear or break in the glove.

38
True or False
  • ____12. Students should be encouraged to wash
    their own wounds with soap and water.

39
True or False
  • ___ 13. When exposed to a potentially infectious
    body fluid, employees should only report the
    incident if they are concerned.

40
True or False
  • ____ 14. Any staff member whose position puts
    them at increased risk for bloodborne pathogen
    exposure may request the Hepatitis B vaccine
    series.

41
Last One!! True or False
  • ____ 15. Human bites that break the skin and
    cause bleeding can transmit a bloodborne
    pathogen.

42
One last thing
  • Fill out post test and sign the form.
  • If you have any questions contact Mrs. Clark, RN,
    BSN.
  • Leave form in her box, not on her desk please.
  • ,
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