Annual Staff Training - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Annual Staff Training

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Bloodborne Pathogens Annual Staff Training New Providence School District Carol McCabe, R.N. Jan Miller, R.N. Trish Kalinger, R.N. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Annual Staff Training


1
Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Annual Staff Training
  • New Providence School District
  • Carol McCabe, R.N.
  • Jan Miller, R.N.
  • Trish Kalinger, R.N.

2
Objectives
  • Define bloodborne pathogens
  • Describe modes of transmission
  • Recognize activities that may lead to exposure
  • Identify the exposure control plan, its location
    and appropriate post-exposure action

3
What Are Bloodborne Pathogens?
  • Microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria
  • Found in blood and cause disease in humans
  • Examples
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV

4
Hepatitis B
  • Virus that infects the liver
  • Transmitted through blood to blood contact
  • Hepatitis B can survive for at least one week
    dried at room temperature on surfaces
  • Can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer
  • Symptoms may occur 1-9 months after exposure
  • Vaccine available to prevent Hepatitis B
  • No cure available

5
Hepatitis C
  • Caused by virus
  • Causes inflammation of the liver
  • Potential for chronic liver disease
  • Transmitted through exposure to blood
  • No vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C
  • No cure available

6
HIV
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Primarily of concern to employees providing first
    aid or medical care in situations involving blood
  • Fragile virusdoes not survive long outside the
    human body
  • No vaccine to prevent HIV
  • No cure available

7
Transmission In the School Setting
  • Accidental puncture from contaminated needles,
    broken glass or other sharps
  • Contact with infected blood
  • Mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth)
  • Open sores
  • Cuts
  • Abrasions

8
Protection
  • Avoid contact with blood.
  • Follow standard precautions treat all blood and
    body fluids as potentially infectious.
  • Use personal protective equipment--PPE

9
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Gloves are a barrier to potentially infectious
    material.
  • The school nurse can provide disposable gloves
    for your use.
  • ALWAYS wear gloves if contact with blood is
    possible.

10
Disposal of PPE
  • Remove gloves in a manner that prevents touching
    the contaminated surface with your skin.
  • Turn gloves inside out to remove.
  • Click on picture below for a VIDEO demonstration.

11
Hygiene
  • After glove removal, wash hands for at least 15
    seconds with antibacterial soap.
  • If accidental exposure occurs, wash hands or
    other exposed skin as soon as possible.

12
Decontamination
  • All work surfaces tools, equipment and other
    objects that have come in contact with blood or
    potentially infectious materials should be
    decontaminated as soon as possible with approved
    solution.
  • Please contact the custodial staff for cleanup.

13
Exposure Control Plan
  • The purpose of the plan is to protect all
    occupationally exposed employees from exposure to
    any blood or body fluid.
  • A copy of the plan is available in principals
    office and in the health office.

14
What To Do If Exposure Occurs
  • Wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water.
  • If mucus membranes (lips, eyes, nose) are
    exposed, flush or rinse with copious amounts of
    water.
  • Report exposure immediately to school nurse and
    supervisor.
  • Fill out exposure report form.
  • Seek medical attention as directed.

15
Your Rights
  • Access to personal protective equipment
  • Immediate medical evaluation if exposed
  • Confidential treatment

16
Your Responsibilities
  • Always use standard precautions.
  • Immediately report all exposures.
  • Comply with post exposure follow up.
  • Complete annual bloodborne pathogen training.
  • If you have any questions, contact your school
    nurse.
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