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Bloodborne Pathogens for School Employees: The Straight Facts

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Title: Bloodborne Pathogens for School Employees: The Straight Facts Subject: Bloodborne Pathogens Author: Coastal Training Technologies Last modified by – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bloodborne Pathogens for School Employees: The Straight Facts


1
(No Transcript)
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Deadly Bloodborne Diseases
  • Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C (HCV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

3
HBV
  • Half of those infected have no symptoms
  • Most recover completely
  • 10 become chronically infected
  • Easily transmitted disease
  • No cure, prevented with a vaccine.

4
HCV
  • Most of those infected have no symptoms
  • 85 have chronic infections
  • No preventative vaccine
  • Antiviral drugs may be effective in some cases.

5
HIV
  • Attacks immune system
  • Infected remain apparently healthy for many years
  • Some infected people develop AIDS
  • No preventative vaccine.

6
Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Spread most easily through contact with blood
  • Other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)
  • Commonly transmitted through sharing needles,
    unprotected sex and mother to unborn child before
    or during birth.

7
Standard Precautions
  • Treat all blood and OPIM as though infected with
    bloodborne pathogens
  • Universal Precautions
  • Body Substance Isolation practices.

8
Gloves
  • Replace and dispose of single-use gloves
  • Remove gloves properly
  • Never touch outside of glove with bare skin
  • Wash hands with soap and warm running water.

9
Safe Work Practices
  • Follow Exposure Control Plan
  • Clean all blood and body fluids immediately
  • Disposal.

10
Housekeeping
  • Clean and decontaminate
  • Never use your hands to pick up broken glass
  • Handle contaminated laundry as little as possible
  • Regularly inspect and decontaminate containers.

11
If Youre Exposed
  • Wash skin area with soap and warm water
  • Flush exposed mucous membranes with clean water
  • Report incident to designated person.

12
QuizCircle the correct answer.
  1. True or False HCV and HIV pose a greater risk
    than HBV because theyre more easily transmitted.
  2. True or False Many people infected with HCV and
    HBV have no symptoms at all.
  3. True or False Many people infected with HIV
    remain apparently healthy for many years.
  4. True or False HBV, HCV and HIV spread most
    easily through contact with blood.
  5. True or False At work, you can be exposed to
    these viruses only through unprotected sexual
    contact with someone who is infected.
  6. True or False Your school district may have an
    Exposure Control Plan that details blood borne
    pathogen safety measures.
  7. True or False Cover hand cuts or skin abrasions
    with gloves before school.
  8. True or False Hand washing is your number one
    protection against infection and keeps you from
    infecting other people or objects.
  9. True or False An Exposure Control Plan lists
    specific methods and schedules for cleaning
    environmental surfaces possibly contaminated with
    infectious materials.
  10. True or False The first thing you should do if
    exposed to blood or other potentially infected
    material is to report the exposure to the
    designated person.
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