Puritanism in the New World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 10
About This Presentation

Puritanism in the New World


... and the New England colony, a New Zion, to which Christ may return to ... the restorers of the true Christian church in the promised land of New England ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:25
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 11
Provided by: robincp
Tags: new | puritanism | world


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Puritanism in the New World

Presentation 8/12
  • Puritanism in the New World

Puritan Thought
  • The Puritans Self Interpreted New Israelites
    in the New World

So what is typology anyway?
  • The Puritans understood themselves through the
    lens of typology
  • Typology is the interpretation of Old Testament
    events, persons, and ceremonies as signs which
    prefigured Christ's fulfillment and new covenant
    with the apostolic church. The concepts arose
    from those of the skia (shadow) and typos (type).
    Typology involves identification both of a type
    or figura, a figure, concept, ceremony, or event
    as an Old Testament precursor, and an anti-type,
    a New Testament historical figure or event that
    follows and fulfills the promise of the type
  • Typological interpretation of the Hebrew
    Scriptures allowed early Christianity to align
    itself with and eventually separate from Judaism

And now a little on Calvin and Calvinism
  • - John Calvin a sixteenth century French
  • Protestant theologian and reformer
  • Believed in direct interpretation of scripture
    (exegesis) as opposed to Catholic influenced,
    second hand interpretation
  • Calvins ideas directly influenced the Puritans
    and their world view
  • In Chapter Four of Calvins Institutes of
    Religion he for instance discusses the corruption
    of the true church and explores means by which
    the true practices of early Christianity might
    be restored
  • For the Puritans then, exegesis led to
    typological interpretation of themselves and the
    Christian scriptures

Christianity Corrupted?
  • So the Puritans felt that Christianity had been
  • They wanted to get rid of the rituals and second
    hand medieval interpretations and reinstitute
    their vision of original Christianity

New Ideology/New Life in the New World
  • - The Puritans saw themselves as revivers of
    the true, unadulterated Christian Faith
  • As John Winthrop asserts, We shall find that the
    god of Isreal is among us, when ten of us shall
    be able to resist a thousand of our enemies For
    we shall consider that we shall be as a city on a
    hill if we shall deal falsely with our God in
    this work (i.e., covenant) we have undertaken
    we shall be made a story and by-word through the
    world (Reader 41)
  • So the Puritans understood themselves through
    the lens of typology, as New Israelites

New Ideology/New Life in the New World (contd)
  • - Applied more liberally and figured more
    broadly, typology expanded into a more elaborate
    verbal system that enabled an interpreter to
    discover biblical forecasts of current events. 
    Thus, the Atlantic journey of the Puritans could
    be an antitype of the Exodus of the Israelites
    and the New England colony, a New Zion, to which
    Christ may return to usher in the Millennium. 
    The first settlers were conservative, cautious
    typologists, but as Edward Johnson's
    Wonder-Working Providence of Sion's Saviour in
    New England (1654 composed c. 1650)
    demonstrates, by the 1640s New England's sacred
    errand into the wilderness and the approaching
    Apocalypse were accepted antitypes of sacred
    history (http//www.wsu.edu/campbelld/amlit/typol

New Ideology/New Life in the New World (contd)
  • So typological interpretation of Christian
    scripture informed the Puritans world-view
  • The Puritans felt that much as Gods original
    chosen people (viz., the Jewish people) had
    rejected Jesus true teaching, paving the way
    for diasporic (which means outlying, or removed
    from the main group) gentile (i.e., non-Jewish)
    Christianity, the corruption of the church in
    Europe led to a perceived new covenant with the
    Puritans, who saw themselves as the new and true
    Israelites the restorers of the true Christian
    church in the promised land of New England

And finally, some Puritans on their way to kick
some ass!
Discussion Question
  • Do Americans as a people still operate under
    the assumptions of American exceptionalism (i.e.,
    beliefs that the United States and its citizens
    are inherently superior due to our national
    history and ideology) which informed manifest
    destiny ideology?
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com