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The Vietnam War Years

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France ruled Vietnam from late 1800's until WWII. Ho Chi Minh- leader ... Doves. Hawks. 22.3 Review Questions. 1.) How were young men able to dodge the draft? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Vietnam War Years


1
The Vietnam War Years
  • The Americans Chapter 22

2
22.1 Moving Toward Conflict
3
America Supports France in Vietnam
  • France ruled Vietnam from late 1800s until WWII
  • Ho Chi Minh- leader
  • Vietminh- independence org.

4
The Vietminh Drive Out the French
  • Domino theory
  • Dien Bien Phu
  • Geneva Accords- divided Vietnam along 17th
    parallel

5
The United States Steps In(Read p.732)
  • Diem cancels elections
  • U.S. supports this because ________
  • Kennedy decides to support Diem
  • Why?
  • Diem loses his popularity
  • Why?

6
President Johnson Expands the Conflict
  • South Vietnam becomes more unstable
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • Vietcong attack in Feb. 1965
  • Johnsons response?

7
22.2 U.S. Involvement and EscalationInteract
ive Notes
8
Johnson Increases U.S. Involvement
  • More U.S. troops in Vietnam (what??)
  • Dean Rusk
  • Role
  • Robert McNamara
  • Role
  • William Westmoreland
  • Role
  • of troops in Vietnam by 1967_____

9
Fighting in the Jungle
10
Fighting in the Jungle
  • Vietcong tactics
  • Results
  • U.S. underestimated Vietcong
  • Difficulty of winning over South Vietnamese
  • U.S. troops- sinking morale
  • Corruption of South Vietnamese government

11
Checkpoint Questions
  • 1.) Why did Americans fail to win the hearts and
    minds of the Vietnamese?
  • 2.) What was the difference between the morale of
    the U.S. troops and that of the Vietcong?

12
The Early War at Home
  • U.S. economy suffers
  • First living room war
  • Credibility gap

13
Checkpoint Questions
  • 3.) Name three things that led to the growing
    concern in America about the Vietnam war

14
22.3 A Nation Divided
15
The Working Class Goes to War
  • Dodging the draft- not hard
  • African Americans in Vietnam
  • MLK spoke out
  • Women in the military

16
The Roots of Opposition
  • The New Left demanded changes
  • SDS FSM
  • College Campus Activism

17
The Protest Movement Emerges
  • Youth oppose the war
  • Draft deferments harder
  • Protest turns into resistance
  • Hell, no, we wont go!
  • War divides the nation
  • Doves
  • Hawks

18
22.3 Review Questions
  • 1.) How were young men able to dodge the draft?
  • 2.) Why did MLK call African Americans fighting
    in Vietnam an irony?
  • 3.) Why did youths oppose the war?
  • 4.) Why did hawks criticize the Johnson
    administration policies in Vietnam?

19
22.4 1968- A Tumultuous Year(AKA really crappy)
20
The Tet Offensive Turns the War
  • A surprise Vietcong attack
  • New Years Eve
  • Tet changes public opinion
  • Johnson- unpopular
  • Clark Clifford new defense secretary

21
Days of Loss and Rage
  • Eugene McCarthy (dem.) runs for president
  • Robert Kennedy also runs
  • Johnson declines reelection
  • Assassinations
  • MLK Jr., and Robert Kennedy

22
A Turbulent Race for President
  • Riots in Chicago
  • Why?
  • Hubert Humphrey
  • George Wallace- 3rd party candidate
  • Nixon (repub.) wins

23
1968 Election
24
22.5 The End of the War and Its Legacy
25
President Nixon Vietnamization
  • Negotiations to end war- not working
  • Nixon Kissinger
  • Vietnamization _____________
  • Peace with honor
  • Nixons madman theory

26
Trouble Continues on the Home Front
  • My Lai Massacre ?
  • Nixons invasion of Cambodia Why?
  • 1st general student strike
  • Violence at Kent State Jackson State
  • The Pentagon Papers

27
Americas Longest War Ends
  • Kissinger says, peace is at hand
  • The Christmas bombings
  • Finally, U.S. signs a peace agreement (3/73)
  • Fall of Saigon South surrenders

28
The War Leaves a Painful Legacy
  • Vets return home- nation cold
  • Turmoil continued in Southeast Asia
  • War Powers Act

29
22.5 Review
  • 1.) What was the impact of Vietnamization on the
    U.S.?
  • 2.) Why did students and others protest Nixons
    invasion of Cambodia?
  • 3.) Summarize what led to the agreement to end
    the war in Vietnam (p.758).
  • 4.) What kind of reception did Vietnam veterans
    receive when they came home?
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