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The Vietnam War: The Entertainment in Relation to Social Outcries


The Vietnam War: The Entertainment in Relation to Social Outcries By Jackson Harter Hour 4 Important Questions What was the relation between student protests and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Vietnam War: The Entertainment in Relation to Social Outcries

The Vietnam War The Entertainment in Relation to
Social Outcries
  • By Jackson Harter
  • Hour 4

Important Questions
  • What was the relation between student protests
    and other public forms of disapproval, and the
    popular musicians of the era, during the Vietnam

Important Info
  • Slide 3-13 Popular Artists of the time period
  • Slide 14-22 Important dates in music, popular
    discontent, and Vietnam War
  • Slide 23-25 Thoughts and Reasoning
  • Slide 26-28 Final Analysis

Joan Baez
  • She was highly involved in the resistance of the
    Vietnam War effort. She did not pay taxes 1964 to
    protest the war and greatly supported draft
    resistance. She went as far as to publicly
    discredit the US even after the war because of
    the atrocities she claims the army committed.

Buffalo Springfield
  • Was against the USs effort throughout the war
    and effectively displayed it with the song For
    What Its Worth. The war is not directly tied
    with Vietnam, but the USs poor choices and
    ineffective ways at handling the unrest in the
    US. For What Its Worth, in 1967, got to 7 on
    the Billboard Hot 100.

Creedence Clearwater Revival
  • This band broke up and got back together many
    times, but their notable addition to the anti-war
    sentiment in the US was their hit song Fortunate
    Son in 1969. Fortunate Son talks about how
    unfair the draft is in favor of fortunate people.
    If you were the son of a wealthy or important
    individual you didnt have to go to Vietnam
    because of your superior position to many others
    in American society.

Bob Dylan
  • Although Dylan was a major songwriter and
    lyricist of his time. He focused mostly on
    domestic problems as the target of his music and
    not Vietnam. He sang a lot about helping out
    those who are in poverty. Bob Dylan does mention
    the problems in Vietnam however with his songs
    Masters of War, Talkin John Birch Paranoid
    Blues, and The Times They Are A-Changin.

The Beatles
  • The Beatles were the most popular band of this
    time and the era before it. During the Vietnam
    War era, they came out with songs that protested
    and questioned the war, although they were never
    really associated as a anti-Vietnam band. They
    came out with the song Revolution. The song
    Revolution talks about many of the problems
    with the world, which indirectly includes the
    problems associated with Vietnam, but not Vietnam

The Rolling Stones
  • Although the Rolling Stones never really directly
    spoke out against the war, their opening song of
    their album Let It Bleed, Gimme Shelter in 1969
    warns the listener of what the world is to come
    to, apocalypse, if they let wars like Vietnam
    continue. The whole Let It Bleed album was
    listened to and respected by much of the Rock
    nRoll world.

Jimmy Cliff
  • Jimmy Cliff is important in the resistance to
    Vietnam because he attracted a whole new audience
    due to his Reggae background in music. The song
    Vietnam released in 1970 directly speaks out
    against the inequality involved in the draft, and
    speaks of the hardships at home during the war.

Steve Earle
  • Although Earle was just gowning up and wasnt a
    popular country singer when the US became
    involved in Vietnam, his surroundings while
    starting his career made him not only hate all
    wars, but the Vietnam War in particular. Unlike
    many people though, Earle empathized with the
    Veterans instead of hating them for being
    involved in the war.

Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young
  • Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young was a folk group
    not so much involved in the opposition of
    Vietnam, but the opposition of the government of
    the time. Mainly, their song, Ohio released in
    1970 after the Kent State shootings. The group
    focused their abuse on the Nixon Administration
    and the mistreatment of students during protests.

Johnny Cash
  • Johnny Cash was upset with the government for
    getting into Vietnam, but not upset with the
    soldiers because he knew it wasnt their fault
    that they were there. After visiting Vietnam,
    Cash wrote Singin in Vietnam Talkin Blues.
    The song speaks of the constant battering of
    shells, the harsh conditions of the country, and
    in it, he tends to show sympathy for the soldiers.

Important Events of 1964
  • Joan Baez resists taxes in early part of year
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival-starts band, no
  • Dylan releases The Times They Are A-Changin
  • The Beatles release A Hard Days Night and
    Beatles for Sale
  • Earle- develops anti-Vietnam mentality
  • Johnny Cash releases The Original Sun Sound of
    Johnny Cash
  • First major student protest against Vietnam in
    Time Square- 1000 students

Important Events of 1965
  • Bob Dylan releases his influential album Highway
    61 Revisited
  • March- Students for a Democratic Society
    organizes the first teach-in against the Vietnam
    War, with 2,500 participants, at the University
    of Michigan.
  • April- The first SDS march against the Vietnam
    War draws 25,000 protestors to Washington, DC.
  • May-The largest teach-in to date begins at
    Berkeley, California, attended by 30,000.
  • June- A planned anti-war protest at The Pentagon
    becomes a teach-in, with demonstrators
    distributing 50,000 leaflets in and around the
  • October- The National Coordinating Committee to
    End the War in Vietnam stages the first public
    burning of a draft card in the United States to
    result in arrest under the new law.

Important Events of 1966
  • Bob Dylan releases Blonde on Blonde
  • The Beatles release Revolver
  • Joan Baez releases With God on Our Side
  • Buffalo Springfield is formed
  • Johnny Cash releases Everyone Loves a Nut
  • March- demonstrations held nationally across the
    US against the war
  • May- more demonstrators picket the White House
    and rally at the Washington Monument
  • May- MLK makes his first speech involving Vietnam
  • August- 50 demonstrators are arrested when they
    disrupt the House Un-American Activities
    Committee holds investigation to prosecute those
    helping the Viet-Cong

Important Events of 1967
  • The Beatles release Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts
    Club Band
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival is formed
  • Buffalo Springfield releases famous anti-war song
    For What Its Worth
  • April- MLK denounces the Vietnam War in sermons
  • April- 14,000 march against the Vietnam War in
    San Francisco
  • June- demonstrators and police clash at anti-war
    protest in LA where Johnson meets with Soviet
  • October- tens of thousands of war demonstrators
    protest at the Pentagon

Important Events of 1968
  • The Beatles release The White Album
  • The Rolling Stones release Beggars Banquet
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival releases their first
  • February- picture of a Viet-Cong member being
    executed sways mood about the war all over the
  • March- campus unrest is growing, students begin
    publicly protesting the war, draft, and ROTC as
  • April- student protesters at Colombia University
    in NY take over the school and shut it down
  • May- The Cantonsville Nine burn dozens of Draft
    Cards with Napalm
  • August- police clash with anti-war protesters
    outside of the Democratic National Convention

Important Events of 1969
  • The Rolling Stones release Let It Bleed
  • Woodstock is held in NY. Many anti-war artists
    played at Woodstock, increasing the anti-war
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival releases the song
    Fortunate Son speaking the burden of the common
    man against the war
  • Crosby, Stills, Nash release their first album
  • John Lennon hosts a Bed-In for peace against
    the war
  • May- National Guard puts skin stinging powder on
    anti-war protestors
  • October- hundreds of thousands across the country
    participate in demonstrations known as the
    National Moratorium
  • November- truth of the My Lai Massacre reaches
    the population of the US
  • November- hundreds of thousands of people
    participate in The March Against Death in
    Washington D.C.
  • John Lennon of the Beatles returns the MBE medal
    given to him by the British gov to protest
    Britains support of the Vietnam war
  • December- first draft lottery since WWII is held

Important Events of 1970
  • Crosby, Stills, Nash, Young release Ohio
    about the student shootings at Kent State
  • Johnny Cash performs at the White House by the
    invitation of Richard Nixon
  • Jimmy Cliff releases Vietnam speaking directly
    out against US government
  • April- large anti-war demonstrations occur around
    the country to protest the invasion of Cambodia
    by the US
  • May- 4 students are killed at Kent State
    University by National Guardsmen as they are
    protesting the war
  • May- 100,000 demonstrators protest the war in
  • September- anti-war protest held at Valley Forge
    attended by Jane Fonda and John Kerry

Important Events of 1971
  • Jimmy Cliff releases Another Cycle
  • Crosby, Stills, Nash, Young release 2 new
  • May- National Poll shows that 60 of the US
    population is against the Vietnam War
  • May- as many as 12,000 protesters are arrested in
    D.C. while trying to disrupt government

Important Events of 1972
  • Jimmy Cliff releases The Harder They Come
  • August- Jane Fonda travels to Vietnam and makes
    anti-war broadcasts from there

  • The relationship between music and protesters
    could be one of the following

Music to Protesters
  • In this form of relationship, the music is made
    first trying to convince the listener of the
    artists opinion. The artist is trying to get the
    listener to believe in something that they may or
    may not yet believe in. For the time period, this
    is a very possible scenario because of the hippie
    movement and wide range of very popular artists
    that reach many people like The Rolling Stones,
    The Beatles, Bob Dylan, etc.

Protesters to Music
  • Here, artists will create music based off of the
    events and actions of the protesters of the war.
    By relating like this, the protesters are
    influencing the musicians and not the other way
    around like in Music to Protesters in slide 24.
    This scenario is very likely as well since the
    Vietnam War Era was filled with many
    controversial and moving events that involved

Final Analysis
  • After reviewing dates, the second form of
    relationship, on slide 25, with protesters
    influencing music is much more likely than the
    first scenario. With songs like Vietnam, Four
    Dead in Ohio, and For What Its Worth it is
    easy to see that although the songs were very
    moving, they were based off of events that had
    already happened to the protesters.

Final Analysis
  • With 60 of the US population already unhappy
    with the war in Vietnam, it was much harder to
    influence a population to oppose Vietnam when
    much of the nation already did. However, there
    are some exceptions, like the song Fortunate
    One in which Creedence Clearwater Revival is
    calling out the US government that the poor
    people are fighting a rich persons war.

Final Analysis
  • With many people listening to the radio and
    following the popular music movement, the artists
    did not find it hard to reach their listeners.
    However, after researching the topic, popular
    artists were much more effective at moving their
    listeners with their actions rather than their
    words. Burning of draft cards and resisting to
    pay taxes was as powerful as any words sung
    throughout the Vietnam Era.

Final Analysis
  • However, as powerful as many artists were. Many
    chose not to oppose Vietnam and had no side on
    the topic. Many more artists could have chose to
    oppose Vietnam and raise anti-war feeling in the
    US and all over the world. Only a few artists
    chose to use their power of voice.
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