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The role of economic instruments in the context of biodiversity related MEAs

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The role of economic instruments in the context of biodiversity related MEAs ... Role of the State. Networks / training / exchange of experience. Valuation and EIs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The role of economic instruments in the context of biodiversity related MEAs


1
The role of economic instruments in the context
of biodiversity related MEAs
  • Presentation on the basis of a report prepared by
  • Nicola Borregaard
  • Matthew Stilwell
  • Beatriz Bustos
  • 17-18th of February 2003
  • Geneva

2
Content
  1. Introduction
  2. The role of economic instruments in the context
    of biodiversity related MEAs
  3. References to economic instruments en selected
    MEAs
  4. Lessons learnt in the use of EIs to implement
    selected biodiversity related MEAs
  5. Conclusions Prospect for enhanced use of EIs

3
1. Chapter Objectives
  • How can EIs be used (more effectively) for
    biodiversity protection?
  • How have EIs been approached in MEAs?
  • How can a more comprehensive perspective on the
    use of Eis help biodiversity protection?
  • Which synergies exist to be taken advantage of in
    the different MEAs?

4
Chapter 2 Which EIs for Biodiversity Protection?
  • Property rights
  • Conservation easements
  • Communal property rights
  • Market creation
  • Ecolabeling
  • CO2 sequestration offsets
  • Tradable development rights
  • Charges
  • Entrance fees
  • Concession payments for tourism, hunting, fishing

5
Chapter 2 Which EIs for Biodiversity Protection?
  • Fiscal instruments
  • Tax exemptions or tax deductions
  • Differential land use tax
  • Environmental Funds and financial mechanisms
  • National environmental funds
  • Soft credits
  • Biodiversity investment funds
  • Liability system
  • Fines
  • Performance bonds

6
Chapter 4 How to increase the effective use of
EIs to implement biodiversity-related MEAs
  1. Thematic areas for the use of EIs
  2. Supporting the introduction of EIs for
    biodiversity protection

7
Thematic areas for the use of EIs
  • EIs for in situ conservation
  • Raising financial resources
  • Sustainable trade
  • Payments for environmental services
  • Transfer of technology
  • Addressing perverse subsidies

8
EIs for in situ conservation
  • Emphasis of conventions
  • Great variety of EIs applicable
  • Experience concentrated in the industrialized
    world
  • More analysis of more recent instruments required
  • More analysis regarding the compatibility between
    exsitu and in-situ instruments required

Orcutt Grass, Sacramento Conservation Bank
9
Raising financial resources
  • Often more important than incentive character of
    EIs
  • Conventions emphasize the need at national as
    well as at MEA level
  • Funds have been important instrument (more than
    just financial tool)
  • Lessons from funds that have not endured?
  • Innovative mechanisms
  • The kiwi is a unique biological oddity, a

10
Sustainable trade
  • Still small, but very dynamic
  • Relevance not only in CITES
  • Ecolabeling, captive breeding, geographically
    focused programs
  • Make more use of synergies and of private
    initiatives

Community forest management in Xapuri, Brazil,
FSC certified
11
Payments for environmental services
  • Variety of different payments
  • Mention of specific services in MEAs
  • Little researched and used
  • Potential has to be analyzed
  • Environmental impacts as well

Climate Care reforestation project in Uganda
12
Supporting the introduction of EIs
  • Valuation and EIs
  • Integration of local communities
  • Identification of benefits and beneficiaries
  • Importance of bundling goods and services
  • Role of the State
  • Networks / training / exchange of experience

13
Valuation and EIs
  • Valuation (not only economic!) important for
    raising consciousness and for creation of markets
  • MEAs have recognized this
  • Reminds us that Eis sould be inserted in overall
    strategy
  • Simpler techniques required

The use of economic valuation for protected area
management in the Lower Mekong A review of
lessons and experience
14
Integration of local communities
  • Two-way relationship
  • Effective use of EIs
  • EIs can help integrate local communities
  • Importance recognized in MEAs
  • Mainstreaming of local community involvement in
    EIs required

Campfire Elefant in the fields
15
Questions to the Group (beyond critique and
comments)
  • Structure of report
  • Should chapter 2 and chapter 3 be interchanged?
  • Chapter 4
  • Are the main aspects included?
  • Are key sources or major initiatives lacking?
  • Should perverse subsidies be integrated or not?
  • Conclusion
  • Which other aspects should be considered in the
    conclusion?

16
Questions to the Group (beyond critique and
comments)
  • For discussion
  • What emphasis should be given to positive
    incentives?
  • What emphasis should be given to the markets
    capacity?
  • Which are the areas in which there might be most
    need for capacity building?
  • The audience of the report
  • Policy makers involved in MEAs, MEA secretariats,
    policy makers involved in biodiversity
    conservation, other groups involved (NGOs at
    national and international level, selected
    business) in biodiversity protection,
    practitioners and academics in use of economic
    instruments
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