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Partnership Project Promotion of Sustainable Development in the Context of Regional Economic Integration

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United Nations Environment Programme-Trade and Economics Branch (UNEP-ETB) McGill University Korea Environment Institute (KEI) ... Malaysia China, Japan, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Partnership Project Promotion of Sustainable Development in the Context of Regional Economic Integration


1
Partnership Project Promotion of Sustainable
Development in the Context of Regional Economic
Integration Strategies for Environmental
Sustainability and Poverty Reduction United
Nations Environment Programme-Trade and Economics
Branch (UNEP-ETB) McGill University Korea
Environment Institute (KEI) National Institute
for Environmental Studies (NIES) Institute for
Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Under
the Framework of United Nations Environment
Programme Network of Institutions for Sustainable
Development (UNEP-NISD)
  • 2nd NISD Meeting
  • Geneva, 19 September 2005

2
Outline of Presentation
  • Rationale for the research partnership Policy
    Context
  • Process of initiating the Partnership Project
  • Project Design
  • Objectives
  • Outcomes
  • Activities
  • Work Plan
  • Implementation Arrangements
  • Institutional Arrangements
  • Financial Arrangements

3
The Policy Context
  • Asia-Pacific region the worlds fastest growing
    trading region
  • Since 1999, a new wave of FTAs and economic
    integration
  • Future creation of an East-Asian community by the
    year 2020 gtgtgt East-Asia Summit to take place in
    December 2005, Malaysia
  • China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the ten
    countries of the Association of Southeast Asian
    Nations (ASEAN)
  • Need for comprehensive policy responses to the
    accumulative environment effects

4
Policy Context
  • Current web of FTAs concluded or under
    negotiation in Asia-Pacific region
  • (Not exhaustive)

5
Asian and Pacific Merchandise Exports, GDP, and
Number of Preferential Trade Agreements,
1960-2000
Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Outlook
2002, Figure 3.2.
6
Process of initiating the Partnership Project
  • Establishment of NISD in Jeju, Rep. of Korea,
    March 2004
  • As a follow-up, four proposals facilitated by
    UNEP-ETB
  • Meeting at TNO (Netherlands Organisation for
    Scientific Applied Research) in Delft, The
    Netherlands, 10-11 December 2004 (IGES, Institute
    for Sustainable Futures (ISF), KEI, McGill
    University and UNEP-ETB
  • IGES proposed to facilitate the working group on
    promotion of sustainable development in the
    context of economic integration
  • Meeting hosted by IGES in Hayama, Japan on 18
    February 2005 (IGES, KEI, McGill University, and
    UNEP-ETB)
  • MOU drafted and agreed upon by IGES, McGill
    University, KEI, NIES and UNEP-ETB

7
Objectives
  • Evaluating the implications of FTAs and regional
    economic integration for the environment
  • Assessing the capacity of existing environmental
    policies and institutions to deal with
    environmental effects of economic integration at
    both national and regional levels
  • Proposing relevant policies and institutions for
    mitigating potentially negative impacts while
    enhancing positive ones

8
Is there a set of policies and mechanisms that
will promote synergies between economic
integration and environmental quality in East
Asia?
  • Starting hypotheses
  • As economic integration proceeds, there will be
    a "race to the bottom" in East Asia, if no proper
    response measures (i.e. environmental policies)
    are taken. 
  • At the same time, there will be more
    opportunities for countries in East Asia to
    promote resource efficiency and eco-industry, as
    (i) the current resources use in the region has
    ample room to improve, and (ii) transfer of
    resource efficient technologies will be promoted.
  • Neither the strong harmonization observed in the
    EU nor the flexible mechanisms established in
    North America can provide a complete solution for
    East Asia. 
  • Policies and mechanisms effective to promote
    synergies between economic integration and the
    environment will include nurturing
    eco-industries, labelling, certification,
    subsidies, taxes, and other soft measures to
    promote the emergent environmental goods and
    services industry.
  • Policies to be identified to prevent the
    race-to-the-bottom, and to nurture eco-industry,
    will have only marginal impact on economic growth
    (thus poverty alleviation as well), but will
    contribute to long-term sustainable use of
    natural resources and improved environmental
    quality in the region. 

9
Outcomes
  • Analysis of a few packages of plausible
    environmental policies in terms of effectiveness,
    efficiency, and equity
  • Analysis of economic implications of different
    sets of identified policies
  • Identification of needs for regional policies to
    promote environmentally sustainable development
  • Identification of environmental policies
    contributing to poverty reduction
  • Tangible outcomes
  • Main report
  • Executive summary
  • Summary for policy makers

10
Activities
  • Scenario analysis
  • Policy analysis and trend review
  • Modelling based on GTAP

11
Scenario analysis
12
Policy analysis and Modelling
Policy Analysis
Model Analysis
Policy review and trend analysis
Model development and data collection
Scenario development at national and regional
levels (story lines, policies and
indicators)
Evaluation of Economic Impacts (positive and
negative)
National and regional consultations
Analysis of a few packages of environmental
policy
Evaluation of Environmental Impacts (positive
and negative)
  • Comprehensive analysis of different policy
    scenarios
  • Regional policy harmonization
  • Economic efficiency
  • Poverty reduction

Set of policies for - Mitigation of adverse
environmental effects - Enhancement of positive
effects
13
Work Plan
  • Year 1 (Apr. 2005 Mar. 2006)
  • Inception workshop, 26-28 October 2005.
  • Work on analytical framework and methodologies.
  • Drawing of scenarios.
  • Initiation of activities under the policy and
    modelling groups.
  • 1st progress review workshop, March 2006.
  • Year 2 (Apr. 2006 Mar. 2007)
  • Continuation of activities under the policy and
    modelling groups.
  • Formulation of policy proposals.
  • Thematic workshops.
  • National and regional policy dialogues.
  • 2nd progress review workshop, March 2007.
  • Year 3 (Apr. 2007 Mar. 2008)
  • Synthesis of activities under the policy and
    modelling groups.
  • Refinement of policy proposals and feed-back to
    modelling exercise.
  • Thematic workshops.
  • National and regional policy dialogues.

14
Institutional Arrangements
  • Core Group
  • UNEP-ETB, IGES, McGill University, KEI, NIES
  • Partner Institutes
  • Policy Research Center for Environment Economy,
    State Environment Protection Administration of
    China
  • Indonesian Institute of Sciences
  • Thailand Environment Institute
  • Institute of Environmental Science and
    Technology, University of Hanoi
  • Resource Persons and Institutions
  • Keio University, Seikei University, ASEAN
    Secretariat and others

15
Financial Arrangements
  • Core Group
  • Provide for the cost of activities under their
    responsibilities
  • Provide financial support to partner institutes
    in developing countries
  • Partner Institutes
  • Provide in-kind and intellectual contribution
  • Receive financial support from the core group for
    directs costs of research
  • Resource Persons and Institutions
  • Provide intellectual contributions
  • Receive financial support from the core group as
    may be required

16
  • Thank you for your attention!
  • Hideyuki Mori,
  • Project Leader, Long-term Perspective and Policy
    Integration Project, IGES
  • For further information, please contact
  • h-mori_at_iges.or.jp
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