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NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY:

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Title: NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY:


1
NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY The Career and Curri
culum Gary R. Eastman CNMT Operations Mana
ger/Program DirectorHines VA HospitalNuclear
Medicine Service
2
WHAT IS NUCLEAR MEDICINE TECHNOLOGY ??
Nuclear Medicine Technology (NMT) is an allied
health specialty which utilizes radioactive
materials to diagnose and treat disease. The
field involves patient care, diagnostic imaging,
laboratory analysis of patient samples, and the
therapeutic administration of radioisotopes.
NMT practice also involves varying duties
pertaining to the operation and management of the
clinic or department.
3
WHAT ARE THE BASIC DUTIES OF A NUCLEAR MEDICINE
TECHNOLOGIST ??
Direct responsibility for the care of patients
Prepare and administer radiopharmaceuticals to
patients Operate Nuclear and PET imaging equip
ment Computer analysis of acquired data Perf
orm laboratory functions utilizing radioactive
materials Perform tasks to assure good radiatio
n safety practices Record keeping functions to
assure regulatory compliance Office/Clinic oper
ations, Quality Assurance, etc.
4
IMAGING INSTRUMENTATION
5
Dual Head Gamma Camera
6
Single Head Gamma Camera
7
Dual Head - PET Capable
8
Triple Head Gamma Camera
9
IS THE JOB HAZARDOUS ??
Although the handling of radioactive and
potentially biohazardous materials (Blood) are
duties of the NMT, Proper training and the use of
personal protective equipment (PPE) virtually
eliminates hazardous conditions in the working
environment. Radiation exposure is an occupat
ional reality in NMT. Good radiation safety
practices keep exposures As Low As Reasonably
Achievable (ALARA).
10
ALARA
11
WHAT IS THE WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENT FOR A NMT ??
Nuclear Medicine Technologist's work in a wide
variety of settings. Most NMT's work in a
hospital setting. However, an increasing number
of NMT's are working in clinical imaging centers,
or in industry. Many NMT's also work in office s
ettings. Duties may involve such things as
administration, education, computer applications
and safety.
12
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13
IS THE CURRICULUM FOR AN NMT DIFFICULT ??
The NMT must have an educational background in a
wide range of subjects. Basic and Advanced
Science Courses, Mathematics, Computer Science,
Psychology, Communication and Business courses
are all required or highly recommended.
Specialized Nuclear/Radiation courses form a
solid base and promote good radiation safety
practices. The curriculum provides a challenging
and highly rewarding educational experience.
14
COLLEGE COURSES WITH RELATIONSHIP TO NMT PRACTICE

Chemistry Biology and Anatomy/Physiology Physics
Mathematics/Statistics Computer Science Psycho
logy/Sociology Communications Business and Other
Related Courses
15
WHY DO I NEED TO KNOW ALL THIS STUFF ??
16
CHEMISTRY COURSES
These courses provide a foundation for skills
utilized daily by an NMT in Preparation and
Quality Control of Radiopharmaceuticals, and in
the performance of laboratory and In-Vitro
procedures. The required laboratory portion of ch
emistry courses provides the student with the
necessary experience to insure safe and accurate
clinical practices.
17
CHEMISTRY
18
BIOLOGY/ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY COURSES
Anatomy affords the student an understanding and
identification of the organ systems of the human
body. Physiology provides essential instruction,
as it is the base of nuclear medicine involving
the bio-distributions and mechanisms of
localization of radiopharmaceuticals
NMTs must have expertise in radiopharmaceutical
and non-radioactive drug interactions on a
cellular level as well as on a systems level.
19
BIOLOGY/ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

20
PHYSICS COURSES
Understanding nuclear medicine instrumentation
systems, and quality control is fundamental.
The interactions within the human body of the
various types of radiation and their associated
energies have a critical effect on medical
imaging and therapeutic procedures. This
knowledge is crucial for the practicing NMT.
21
PHYSICS
22
MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS COURSES
Mathematical calculations, including those
pertaining to the statistical nature of Nuclear
Medicine imaging are performed on a routine basis
in the practice of NMT.
23
MATHEMATICS/STASTICS
24
COMPUTER SCIENCE COURSES
Computer science forms the base of medical
imaging. NMT has developed from a basic
"artistic" imaging modality to a modality
requiring a great deal of knowledge of computer
principles and applications. Computers perform ta
sks in many facets of NMT practice including
Patient scheduling, Record keeping,
Instrumentation operation/Quality Control, Data
Manipulation (Processing) and network
applications such as PACS.
25
COMPUTER SCIENCE
26
PSYCHOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY COURSES
These courses provide students a foundation for
the critical ability to interact with patients in
a often challenging clinical setting.
NMT's must understand the unique situations and
problems encountered while working in a medical
setting with sometimes critically ill patients
and concerned family members.
27
PHYCHOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY
28
COMMUNICATIONS COURSES (WRITTEN, ORAL)
Good oral communication skills are extremely
important not only in patient interactions but
also in contacts with physicians, nursing
personnel, technologists and other support staff
in a medical setting. Good written communicatio
n skills are important in report generation and
clinical operations.
29
COMMUNICATIONS
30
BUSINESS AND OTHER RELATED COURSES
Many nuclear medicine technologist duties have
evolved from primarily direct patient imaging to
a career involved with the many facets of
office/clinic operations. This requires an unders
tanding and a level of competency in business
related courses.
31
BUSINESS PRACTICES
  • Patient Education
  • Marketing
  • Coding/Billing
  • Quality Assurance
  • Report Generation
  • Record Keeping
  • Regulatory Compliance
  • Procedure Development
  • ??????????????????????

32
NUCLEAR MEDICINE IMAGES
33
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38
WHAT IS THE CURRENT JOB MARKET FOR ENTRY LEVEL
NMT'S ??
Nuclear Medicine Technologists are currently in
great demand nationwide. Numerous career
opportunities are available in virtually every
area of the country in a variety of workplace
settings. Many of the currently available posit
ions offer excellent starting salaries, full
benefits, relocation assistance, student loan
assistance, continuing education allowances and
sign on bonuses.
39
WHAT IS THE CURRENT SALARY FOR NMT'S ??
The salary level for entry level NMT's varies
considerably from geographical location and level
of responsibility. The current average salary
for entry level NMT's is 40,000 - 60,000
annually. Additional income is available for on
-call duties or by employment in staffing
agencies.
40
When Do I Start ???
41
THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION !!!
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