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Humanistic Theory and Social Cognitive Theory

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Humanistic Theory and Social Cognitive Theory Psychology 12 Ms. Rebecca Today: How do people develop healthy personalities acc to the Humanistic Theory? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Humanistic Theory and Social Cognitive Theory


1
Humanistic Theory and Social Cognitive Theory
  • Psychology 12
  • Ms. Rebecca

2
Today
  1. How do people develop healthypersonalities acc
    to the Humanistic Theory? How is therapy
    organized with this method?
  2. What does the Social Cognitive theory say are the
    3 things you need to know about someone to
    understand their personality?
  3. What is internal vs. External locus of control?
  4. Define the following congruence, acculturation

3
Now lets learn about the other theories
  • 1. Humanistic Theory
  • 2. Social Cognitive Theory

4
Humanistic Perspective
  • Focuses on
  • Conscious experiences
  • Free will and creativity
  • Studies all factors of the human condition

5
Abraham Maslow
  • Hierarchy of needs

6
People who are self-actualized
  1. Know and like who they are
  2. Flexible and spontaneous
  3. Loving and caring
  4. Dont care about what others think
  5. Focused on a life mission
  6. Have deep relationships, not superficial ones
  7. Have had amazing experiences that have changed
    the way they live their lives.

7
Carl Rogers
  • People need certain things to be able to reach
    self-actualization.

8
Congruence
  • When you are right about yourself. You think you
    are good at math and you ARE good at math. This
    is important for positive self-esteem.

9
Unconditional positive regard
10
Other things that can help people to grow and
thrive
  • Being genuine freely express your feelings
  • Emathy share thoughts and feelings and try to
    understand the thoughts and feelings of others.

11
Problems with the Humanistic Perspective
  • Vague terms spontaneous, loving
  • Never say No?!
  • Despite the negatives, Humanistic psychology has
    helped people to study human strengths and
    virtues instead of only problems.

12
How do we develop self-esteem?
  • When we are young
  • From other people like our parents.
    -Unconditional love helps kids to have high
    self-esteem
  • But if parents only show love when children act a
    certain way, children may not feel good about
    themselves.

13
So,
  • You need to learn to be true to yourself
    person-centered therapy and not rely on how
    others feel about you.

http//www.tir.org/metapsy/missing_person_files/en
vironment.gif
14
Summary
  • Psychoanalytic Theory- were products of our
    childhood and unconscious feelings
  • Humanistic Theory-Were products of our own
    choice

15
4.Social Cognitive Theory
  • Combines research on social behavior, cognition,
    and learning

http//img.photobucket.com/albums/v205/SoH/Ethnici
ty.gif
16
Albert Bandura
  • To understand personality, you need to think
    about
  • Situation
  • How the person thinks
  • How the person interacts socially

17
Interacting With Our Environment
  • Reciprocal determinism
  • Personality AND environment affect behavior.
  • 3 factors
  • 1. your thoughts
  • 2. your environment
  • 3. your behaviors

18
Coach Curreys Big Loss
  • Normally, Mr. Currey is very pleasant to be
    around
  • But sometimes

19
Girls Softball Coaching the worst
  • 1. Change in behavior on field.
  • 2. perception of situation. Confidence in
    coaching
  • 3. Elements of situation- zero effort.

20
Personal Control
  • Do you feel in control of your life or does your
    environment control you?

21
Locus of Control
  • Internal Locus of Control you control your own
    fate
  • External Locus of Control Fate is a result of
    outside forces you cant control.

22
Learned Helplessness
23
Can people Unlearn helplessness?
  • Yes! Give them a sense of control again tv
    control in prison, arranging things in nursing
    home.

24
Optimism is important
  • Problems are temporary, not totally your fault.
  • BUT be careful of being too optimistic!

25
How do Social-cognitive theorists do experiments?
  • Put people in situations and see what they do.
    Vary the situation to look for personality
    consistencies. Or look at past behaviors.

26
Acculturation
  • Adapting to your environment to try to fit into
    the culture.

27
Problems with the Social-Cognitive method
  • Good because it helps us to realize that
    situations CAN affect behavior and personality
  • BUT are we ONLY a product of what we learn?
    Rewards and punishments? What about greed,
    revenge, shyness?

28
Review
  • How do people develop healthypersonalities acc
    to the Humanistic Theory? How is therapy
    organized with this method?
  • What does the Social Cognitive theory say are the
    3 things you need to know about someone to
    understand their personality?
  • What is internal vs. External locus of control?
  • Define the following congruence, acculturation

29
How can we REALLY understand personality?
  • Look at ALL of the perspectives TOGETHER!
  • Homework Finish reading pp333-337 and pp350-358
  • Next time Personality Box Assignment!

30
Introduce Personality Boxes
  • So far we have learned about
  • Big 5 Trait Theory
  • Psychoanalytical Theory
  • Humanistic Theory
  • Social Cognitive Theory
  • You can describe what each theory says and choose
    any 2 aspects of those 3 theories that you think
    you represent in your personality. Just make
    sure you can think of a visual representation to
    include in your box too! That means for EACH of
    these areas you need 2 objects in your box.
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