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The History of East & Southeast Asia

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The History of East & Southeast Asia Chapters 27.2 and 30.2 China Culture begins in Wei River Valley No written records at this time 3,000 BC Some say is even much ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The History of East & Southeast Asia


1
The History of East Southeast Asia
  • Chapters 27.2 and 30.2

2
China
  • Culture begins in Wei River Valley
  • No written records at this time
  • 3,000 BC?Some say is even much older (500,000
    yrs?)
  • Shang Dynasty (1600-1100 BC)
  • In N. China Plain
  • Falls to inner rebellions, nomad invaders, and
    natural disasters
  • Kept earliest historical records

3
Dynasties followed Mandate of Heaven
Dynastic Cycle
4
China
  • Zhou Dynasty (1100-200 BC)
  • Spread Chinese culture (Golden Age)
  • Growth of trade
  • Began making iron tools
  • Systems of philosophy Confucianism Daoism
    (Taoism)
  • (will discuss further w/ culture)

Man Mo Temple in Hong Kong (Taoist)
5
China
  • Qin Dynasty (200s BC)
  • Expanded territory even further? united China
  • Began Great Wall- military protection

6
China
  • Han Dynasty (200 BC-200 AD
  • Contd Great Wall
  • 1st to systematically record history
  • Tang Dynasty (600-900 AD)
  • Saw Renaissance period (govnt art ?s)
  • Contd Great Wall
  • Buddhism grew
  • through traders missionaries in both
    dynasties, Chinese culture was spread through ALL
    of East Asia

7
China
  • Song Dynasty (900-1200s)
  • Period of peace, trade educ. advances
  • Fell to Mongols
  • Ming Dynasty (1400-1600s)
  • 1st to have Eur. traders come in
  • Porcelain vases
  • Naval explorer Zheng He reaches E. Africa

8
China
  • Qing Dynasty (1600-1900s)
  • Last to rule as dynasty
  • Faced many rebellions and wars
  • Taiping Rebellion 1850-1864
  • Opium Wars 1830s-1850s
  • Guangzhou port forced to be opened to West (1834)
  • Had very restricted trade with the west in order
    to restrict western ideas

9
China
  • Spheres of influence
  • claimed in China by Europe and Japan (1890-1899)
  • Forced to be open to all for trade
  • Revolution ended rule of Qing Dynasty (1911)

10
China
  • Mao Zedong the Communist Party
  • 1927-1949
  • Military Nationalist Party forms? civil war with
    Communists win (PRC), Nationalists flee to Taiwan
    (ROC)
  • (will discuss further later on)

11
China
  • Late 1900s
  • Tibet taken over in 50s? Dalai Lama and Tibetans
    flee to northern India
  • Strict communist rule? eventually turn to free
    market
  • Taiwan grows strong as democracy w/ export
    economy
  • Taiwan Republic of China
  • Vs. China Peoples Republic of China

12
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13
Korea
  • 1200 BC
  • Chinese culture spreads (especially forms of
    writing)
  • Buddhism becomes main religion (400 CE)
  • Silla Koryo Dynasties rule under united Korea

Pulguk Temple (Silla) Tombs to Silla royalty
14
Korea
  • 1200-1300 AD
  • China takes Korean Peninsula
  • Confucianism basis for Korean govnt daily
    life
  • But they created own language/writing system
  • Often fought over by China Mongols
  • For next 600 yrs
  • Constantly invaded, faced famines ? turns to
    China, but Japan halts aid? Japanese colony in
    1910 to 1945? turns to Russian ideals

15
Korea
  • 1950-1953
  • Divided in 1948 Russia helped North, US helped
    South get back on feet ? Communist conflict? N
    invaded S (Korean War)? US backed South
  • Ended in stalemate
  • 2000
  • Still separate _at_ cease-fire line
  • N in despair, S is prosperous
  • Peace talks held, but nothing
  • accomplished
  • 2013
  • Kim Jong Un threatens
  • South Korea, USAnuclear war???

16
Japan
  • No recorded history until late 600s BC
  • Set up in individual clans until 400 AD
  • Yamato Dynasty unites country (400)
  • Ruled with feudal system
  • Adopted cultural aspects from China Korea
  • Many today consider Yamato the ethnic group for
    most Japanese

17
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18
Japan
  • 1100 AD
  • Armies weaken dynasty rule
  • Replaced with shoguns
  • Minamoto 1st shogun
  • 1100s-1800s
  • Samurais help shoguns
  • rule, as professional
  • warriors
  • All foreign contact is outlawed (isolationism)

19
Japan
  • 1854
  • US Officer Perry helped end
  • isolation by opening ports
  • Forced to sign unfair treaties
  • Later 1800s
  • Meiji Restoration major ?s ? back to imperial
    rule, but industrialized

20
Japan
  • 1890-1940s
  • Imperial Japan begins
  • Takes Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea (colony)
  • Rape of Nanking, 1937
  • This expansion led to
  • conflict w/ U.S.
  • 1945
  • Defeated in WWII
  • Lost overseas territory
  • Works toward democracy
  • Help from US occupation from 1945-1952

21
U.S. Occupation of Japan 1945-1952
  • U.S. Initial Post-Surrender Policy For Japan
    (Truman)
  • Eliminate Japans war potential (ban arms)
  • Japan ? western, pro-American country
  • Japanese subject to American military rule under
    Gen. Douglas MacArthur
  • What was done
  • Increased food production
  • Ended with San Francisco treaty that gave Japan
    its independence again eventually, Japan became
    an economic competitor with the USA
  • Beginning of western ideas ? womens rights, more
    western family units

22
Japan
  • Late 1900s
  • Now global economic power
  • Trade and business

23
Mongolia Taiwan
  • Mongolia was communist until 1991 (thanks
    USSR)moved to democracy with free market ?
  • Tale of Two Chinas summaryplease share ?

24
Early Civilizations
  • SE Asian skills traditions
  • Advanced farming, animal domestication/
    livestock, metalwork (Thailand 1st bronze),
    power thru maternal side
  • Early Development
  • Maritime trade (seafaring), or just crops for
    land based countries

25
Funan Kingdom
  • Indian traders set up posts in Gulf of Thailand
  • Blend SE Asn Indn culture (Hinduism/ central
    govnt)
  • Maritime traders, intense irrigation system

26
Khmer Empire
  • Along Mekong R. (almost all Indochina Pen, N.
    Malay Pen)
  • System of lakes, canals, irrigation channels ?
    3-4 crops ea. yr!
  • Angkor Wat
  • Hindu temple tomb for
  • Khmer ruler, built 800 yrs
  • ago

27
Srivijaya Empire
  • Island of Sumatra
  • Navy controlled valuable straits taxed traders
    (Singapores econ. based on same straits)

28
  • China ? Vietnam
  • Writing system, religion philosophy, govnt
    (communism later on)
  • Islam ? SE Asia
  • Traders Conversion in coastal areas? interior
    areas
  • Malacca is impt cultural center for Muslims
  • Spheres of Influence? SE Asia
  • Most countries owned, become rivals
  • Buffer state of Siam created

29
Western Control
  • Netherlands Indonesia
  • UK Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
  • France Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
  • US Philippines (gain thru war w/ Spain)
  • Thailand remained free

30
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31
Western Control
  • Pros-
  • Transportation improvements expanded industry
    (mining, oil) created commercial plantations ?
    production soared
  • Cons-
  • Plantation profit went to West, forced to wk on
    plantations for little , many immigrants brought
    in for labor increased military conflict

32
WWII
  • All Westerners forced out by imperialist Japan
  • After war, and Japans defeat, France wanted
    control back of Vietnam
  • Prelude to Vietnam War
  • US would stand up against anything communist
    (North Vietnam, North Korea, China, USSR, Cuba,
    Cambodia)

33
Vietnam War
  • France kicked out by northern communists (1954)
  • Ho Chi Minh led northern Vietnam
  • Ngo Dinh Diem led southern Vietnam
  • Viet Cong communist rebels in the south
  • Gulf of Tonkin attack here brought US in to war
    (1965)
  • Agent Orange chemical used to kill jungle ?
  • Guerilla Tactics Viet Cong had power in jungle,
    knew the area used it to their advantage ? USA
    losing
  • Richard Nixon Withdrew troops, partly due to
    protest
  • boat people Millions fled after, most died

34
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35
Governments
  • List the types of govnts.
  • Constitutional Monarchy Brunei
    (sultanate)/Cambodia/Malaysia/Thailand
  • Communist Laos/Vietnam
  • Dem. Rep. Indonesia/ Philippines/ Singapore
  • Military WAS Myanmar until 2011 has since
    elected Thein Sein as president
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