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HISTORY - INDIA

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HISTORY - INDIA LESSON #4 ... 1857 Sepoys rebelled ... Modern India Jawaharlal Nehru 1947-1964 Indira Gandhi Daughter of Nehru 1955-1977. 1980-1984 assassinated ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HISTORY - INDIA


1
HISTORY - INDIA
LESSON 4
2
Indus River Valley Civilizations
  • Dravidian Era (3000 B.C. - 1500 B.C.)
  • dark skinned people (Dravidians)
  • no written records artifacts for studying
  • polytheistic worshipped animals
  • CLOSE TO RIVER
  • Food
  • transportation

3
Invasions and Integration (mixing)
  • Aryans fair skin
  • racist no mixing w/ Dravidians
  • create caste system
  • stories (Vedas) - passed down by oral tradition
  • stories later written in Sanskrit

Dravidian
Aryan
4
Quick Quiz
  1. Why would a civilization appear near to a river?
  2. How are Aryans different from Dravidians?
  3. What is a Veda?

5
Muslim Mongols (Mughals)
  • Muslim Empire (750 1500)
  • lower castes embraced Islam
  • Gave rise to Sikhs Muslims with adaptations of
    Hinduism
  • Mughal Empire (1200s)
  • Most famous Shah Jihan
  • Taj Mahal to Mumtaz Mahal
  • (she had died after 14th child)

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12
Quick Quiz
  1. Describe what the Taj looks like.
  2. What IS the Taj Mahal?
  3. How many people are IN the Taj today?

13
European Invasion
  • 1. Age of European Imperialism (1500s 1947)
  • 1498 Portugal
  • 1707 Dutch East India company
  • French Mississippi Company
  • British East India Company took Western Cities
    of India
  • hired SEPOYS to help in fight (Indian
    soldiers)
  • 1857 Sepoys rebelled led to general rebellion
  • 2. Britain annexed India
  • Queen Victoria became EMPRESS VICTORIA
  • Next 100 yrs British ruled India
  • forced Indian farmers to grow cash crops

14
European Dominance of India
15
European Interest Trade with India
SPICES
TEA
OPIUM
16
Indian Assimilation
Schools, hospitals, roads, railroads Cash
Crops English Language
17
Rebellion by Indians
Sepoy Rebellion, 1857
  • Sepoys were Indians hired to be soldiers
  • British merchants hired them for protection
  • British government started using them as military
  • Sepoys rebelled
  • The guns were loaded with cartridges
  • Cartridges were coated with animal fat
  • Indians didnt want to bite into animals

18
English Annexation of India
(Start of the British Raj)
1858-1947
  • Britain saw the danger of trusting Sepoys as
    their main military in India
  • British government annexed India
  • Goal greater control
  • This ended Indian independence
  • Indians would now be treated as slaves

Empress Victoria
Queen Victoria
19
Quick Quiz
  1. What nation came to annex India?
  2. What was a Sepoy?
  3. Who is Victoria (to India)?

20
Indian Independence
  • Indian Independence (1910-1947)
  • 1920s Mohandas Gandhi organized mass
    mobilization
  • Complete non-cooperation with British
  • 1940s Muslims demanded their own nation
    Civil War
  •  
  • 1947 (15 August) two nations formed
  • 10,000,000 uprooted by partition
  • 1 mil. Deaths in civil war
  • Expulsions, riot, killings, refugees, racism
  • Kashmir still not settled

21
Indian Nationalism
Salt March
Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma) Civil
Disobedience Shame British into leaving Dressed
like a commoner
22
Disaster in the Indian Nationalism
  • AMRITSAR MASSACRE British troops open-fired on
    peaceful Indian protesters
  • In 10 min.,
  • 379 were killed
  • 1,100 were
  • wounded

23
Indian Independence
24
Quick Quiz
  1. What did Gandhi do for Indians in India?
  2. What type of attack did he encourage?
  3. What two sides fought in the Civil War?

25
Modern India
Jawaharlal Nehru 1947-1964
Rajiv Gandhi Son of Indira 1984-1989
Indira Gandhi Daughter of Nehru 1955-1977.
1980-1984 assassinated
Dr. Manmohan Singh 2004-present
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