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Heart of Darkness

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the attempt to find meaning in the universe. while trying to get at the mysteries of the ... The Sepulchral City 69 72 (the dusk...darkness) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Heart of Darkness


1
Heart of Darkness
  • Summer Assignment 2006

2
What was this book about anyway?
  • seafaring
  • riverboating
  • trade and exploration
  • imperialism and colonialism
  • race relations
  • the attempt to find meaning in the universe
  • while trying to get at the mysteries of the
  • subconscious mind.

3
Structure
  • Framed narrative
  • Group of men (former sailors, now businessmen)
  • Marlow narrator
  • Traveler
  • Excellent storyteller
  • Sympathetic
  • Searching for meaning
  • Kurtz embodiment of Marlows quest

4
Style
  • Verbose
  • Lengthy descriptions
  • Lengthy dialogues
  • seem pointless
  • dont move the story along at all
  • reinforces themes and motifs

5
Themes
Imperialism Hypocritical Cruel and
harsh Attemps to justify Drives men to
madness Evil Cruelness of imperialism Lesser of
two evils

6
  • Task
  • Your task is threefold.
  • First, you will examine five literary
    criticisms Psychoanalytic, Post-colonial, reader
    response theory, Deconstruction, and Feminist.
  • Second, you must become familiar with one type
    of literary criticism.
  • Third, you must use this critical approach to
    interpret passages from Heart of Darkness (five
    total passages). In other words, you must read
    these passages as a psychoanalytical,
    post-colonial, reader response,
    deconstructionist, or feminist critic.

7
www.iss.k12.nc.us/schools/nihs/dlourcey/APDarkness
webquest.html
  • As you examine these criticisms, you may
    collaborate with your group members. Help each
    other discover the nuances of each help each
    other validate the meaning of each in modern
    contemporary literary crticism and, help each
    provide relevance to Conrad's work.
  • To achieve these tasks, you and your group
    members will follow Marlow up the Congo River.
    Along the way, you will be visiting links,
    recording your observations in your Congo Diary
    (via www.journalscape.com/MsLaws) reading
    important excerpts from Heart of Darkness, and
    finally posting your critical interpretations on
    our message board.  

8
www.iss.k12.nc.us/schools/nihs/dlourcey/APDarkness
webquest.html
9
  • Examine each literary criticism.
  • Decide which type of literary criticism you will
    be for this novel examination and answer the
    corresponding questions in the Congo diary at
    www.journalscape.com/Mslaws.
  • Revisit each location in Conrads journey through
    the heart of darkness (these will be given to
    you). Each station has a passage, and you are to
    individually respond to each passage from the
    perspective of the literary criticism you chose.
    Each response must be supported by references
    from the text and follow MLA guidelines.

10
Psycho-analytical criticism
  • Theories of Sigmund Freud as a basis
  • Use these to explore the motivations of
    characters, symbolic meaning of events, and
    describe and analyze the readers response to a
    text.
  • Oedipus/Electra Complex is central to this
    criticism

11
Post-Colonial criticism
  • A cultural criticism
  • Refers to the analysis of works written about
    colonial countries by writers from a colonizing
    country.
  • Many of these analyses point out how the writers
    from the colonial power sometimes misrepresent
    the other cultures by reflecting their own
    values.

12
Reader Response Theory
  • Focuses more on the reader than the work
  • Describes what goes on in the readers mind while
    reading
  • The construction of the text within the reader

13
Feminist criticism
  • Sociological criticism
  • Explains how the images of women reflect the
    social forces that have impeded womens efforts
    to be equal to men
  • Use history, sociology, and language to
    provide a perspective that is sensitive to
    feminist issues

14
Station checkpoints
  • The Docks pp. 11 12
  • The Outer Station pp. 20 22 (instead …peace)
  • The Central Station - pp. 31 32 (I was
    not…there)
  • The Inner Station pp. 47 49 (I laid…moment)
  • The Sepulchral City 69 72 (the dusk…darkness)
  • Keep in mind that you should be reading the
    passage through the eyes of the literary critic
    that you researched. Ask yourself, "What would
    this sort of critic look for? Why?" Please be
    very mindful of plagiarism.
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