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PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY

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PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotechnology: A collection of technologies Plant agriculture Crop production and protection Genetically engineered (transgenic) crops Using ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY


1
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
2
Biotechnology A collection of technologies
3
The Applications of Biotechnology
  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Diagnostics
  • Therapeutics
  • Vaccines
  • Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Plant agriculture
  • Animal agriculture
  • Food processing
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Cleaning through bioremediation
  • Preventing environmental problems
  • Monitoring the environment

4
Plant agriculture
  • Crop production and protection
  • Genetically engineered (transgenic) crops
  • Using biological methods to protect crops
  • Exploiting cooperative relationships in nature
  • Nutritional value of crops
  • Improving food quality and safety
  • Healthier cooking oils by decreasing the conc. Of
    saturated fatty acids in vegetable oils
  • Functional foods foods containing significant
    levels of biologically active components that
    impart health benefits

Plant Biotechnology
5
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
Manipulating plants for the benefit of mankind
  • Traditionally
  • breeding
  • tissue culture
  • inter-specific hybridisation
  • mapping phenotypic/biochemical markers

6
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
a process to produce a genetically modified plant
by removing genetic information from an organism,
manipulating it in the laboratory and then
transferring it into a plant to change certain of
its characteristics .
  • Now use a molecular approach to manipulation
  • molecular markers mapping
  • gene cloning, sequencing
  • plant transformation
  • genetic manipulation - transfer, silencing,
    up-regulation

7
Exogenous genes (non-plant genes)
8
Endogenous genes (Plant genes)
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