Biotechnology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Biotechnology

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Biotechnology Plant and Soil Science Plant Science Technology Lesson 1 & 2 What Is Biotechnology? Any technique that uses living organisms or substances from those ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biotechnology


1
Biotechnology
  • Plant and Soil Science
  • Plant Science Technology
  • Lesson 1 2

2
What Is Biotechnology?
  • Any technique that uses living organisms or
    substances from those organisms to make or modify
    a product, to improve plants or animals, or to
    develop microorganisms for specific uses

3
Biotech Terms
  • Genetics the biology of heredity
  • Heredity the transmission of characteristics
    from an organism to its offspring through
    genes in reproductive cells.
  • Genes components of cells which determine the
    individual characteristics of living things
  • Generation refers to offspring of common
    parents
  • Progeny offspring
  • Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) coded information
    in a cell that determines what that cell and
    its successive cells will be become.

4
Biotech Terms cont.
  • Clone exact duplicate of something
  • Genetic engineering movement of genetic
    information in the form of genes from one cell
    to another.
  • Mapping / Gene Mapping identifying and
    recording the location of a specific gene on a
    chromosome.
  • Gene Splicing / Recombinant DNA Technology
    process of removing and inserting genes into
    DNA.

5
Gregor Johann Mendel
6
Historic Biotech Applications
  • Yeast make bread rise
  • Bacteria ferment sauerkraut produce
    cheese(s) other dairy products
  • Microorganisms transform fruit and grains
    into alcoholic beverages

7
Historic Biotech Applications
  • Silage
  • green grasses and grains have been stored in
    air-tight spaces and containers, such as silos,
    where bacteria convert sugars and starches in
    acids.
  • These acids provide a desirable taste and protect
    the feed from spoilage by other microorganisms

8
Pairs of Strands
9
Double Helix
10
Create Duplicate Strands
11
Plant Genetic Engineering
12
Human Insulin Production
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