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Changes to Special Education Policy: What Every Educator Needs to Know

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Agenda. Welcome to Washington. Reform Issues and Special Education. ESEA Waivers and Flexibility. CCRS and Assessments. Teacher Evaluation . ESEA Reauthorization – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Changes to Special Education Policy: What Every Educator Needs to Know


1
Changes to Special Education PolicyWhat Every
Educator Needs to Know
2
Agenda
  • Welcome to Washington
  • Reform Issues and Special Education
  • ESEA Waivers and Flexibility
  • CCRS and Assessments
  • Teacher Evaluation
  • ESEA Reauthorization
  • Federal Budget
  • Early Learning
  • Higher Education
  • Education Sciences Reform Act
  • IDEA
  • Convention on the Rights of Persons with
    Disabilities

3
ChangeIts Everywhere
4
Welcome to Washington, Its More than House of
Cards
5
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6
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7
2014 Midterm Elections
  • CASUALTY LIST
  • 31 Retirements (25 House, 6 Senate)
  • 13 House Members ran for Senate
  • 10 Resigned

8
Changes In Education Policy
Political Context
Funding
NEW!!!
9
9
10
BUT FIRST
11
Results driven accountability
12
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13
  • Next Steps Identifying Seizing Opportunities
  • Outreach to State Department of Ed
  • Learn about State Systemic Improvement Plan
    (SSIP)

14
New Data Shapes Policy
Source Office of Civil Rights, U.S. Department
of Education
15
How Is Your School Doing?
http//ocrdata.ed.gov/
16
Early education Matters
  • Well-designed early childhood interventions have
    been found to generate a return to society
    ranging from 1.80 to 17.07 for each dollar
    spent on the program.

Inforgraphic Source http//www.americanprogress.o
rg/issues/education/news/2013/05/02/62048/infograp
hic-were-getting-beat-on-preschool/ Citation
http//www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9145.ht
ml
17
Idea infants toddlers with disabilities program
44
1999 1979/child 2013 1257 /child
12
37
Federal Funding Increase since 1999
Increase in children/families served
Decrease Federal share per child
Source The Early Childhood Technical Assistance
Center http//ectacenter.org/
18
Idea Preschool program
Lowest Amount in 27 Years!!
47
1992 804/child 2014 471/child
9
41
Federal Funding Increase since 1992
Increase in children served
Decrease Federal share per child
Source The Early Childhood Technical Assistance
Center http//ectacenter.org/
19
O M G !
20
Idea school-aged Program
Source NEA
21
O M G !
22
Investing in Special/Gifted Education
23
Investing in Special/Gifted Education
24
Education Legislation Reforms
25
  • ESEA
  • IDEA
  • Education Sciences Reform Act
  • Higher Education Act

26
ESEA Waivers and Flexibility
27
82
American Association of Administrators, Policy
Insider Oct 2011
28
200720082009201020112012
29
White House Announces Waivers
  • September, 2011
  • White House Announces Waivers September, 2011

30
ESEA Waivers
  • Remove 2014 AYP deadline
  • Funding Flexibility
  • Changes to Accountability
  • Flexibility for HQT Plans

31
ESEA Waivers
  • 4 Conditions
  • Adopt College Career Ready Standards
  • Develop Assessments that Measure Student Growth
  • Develop Differentiated Accountability System
  • Develop Guidelines for Local Teacher and
    Principal Evaluations Based on Effectiveness

32
ESEA Flexibility
  • 45 States, District of Columbia. Puerto Rico and
    the Bureau of Indian Education submitted requests
  • 43 States, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico
    approved
  • Wyoming and Iowa under review

33
Flexibility Concerns
  • No 2 State applications are the same. . .

34
Transition 1 College Career Ready Standards
43 States District of Columbia, four
territories and the Department of Defense
Education Activity have adopted CCSS.
35
Source Fordham Institute
36
Transition 1 College Career Ready Standards
37
Where Are We??!!
38
Transition 2 New Assessments
39
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40
Transition 3 New Evaluations
  • How Did We Get Here?

We Are Here!
41
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42
Transition 3 New Evaluations
  • Where Are We Now?
  • New Teacher Evaluation Systems Include
  • 35 States Washington, DC use student
    achievement as a significant factor
  • 27 States Washington, DC require annual
    evaluation
  • 19 States use evaluation to drive tenure
    decisions
  • 17 States require parent, student, peer surveys
  • 8 States are linking student performance to
    teachers and back to teacher preparation programs

Source National Council on Teacher Quality
State of the States 2013 http//www.nctq.org/dmsVi
ew/State_of_the_States_2013_Using_Teacher_Evaluati
ons_NCTQ_Report
43
Transition 3 New Evaluations
  • CECs Position on Special Education Teacher
    Evaluation

44
Transition 3 New Evaluations
  • Tools for You!

Visit www.cec.sped.org Policy Advocacy
Teacher Evaluation Toolkit for Special Educators!
CEC Position on Special Education Teacher
Evaluation
45
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46
ESEA Reauthorization Congress Acts?!
47
ESEA Reauthorization
  • Has the process stalled???

48
20072008200920102011201220132014??2015??
What a difference 8 years makes!!
49
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50
2015 House vs. Senate ESEA
  • Total Opposites!!

51
Where are we in the legislative process??
Passage by House Education Committee
Passage by Senate Education Committee
52
Lots of Talking
Senator Lamar Alexander R-Tennessee
Senator Patty Murray D- Washington
53
Student Success Act (HR 5) House Version of ESEA
  • February 11, 2015 Committee on Education and the
    Workforce passed the Student Success Act
    (partisan vote of 21-16)
  • February 26, 2015 HR5 Stalls on House floor due
    to controversy (considered 44 amendments)
  • Kline expects to bring HR5 to the House floor
    after the spring recess

CEC Opposed, as did most of the education
disability communities
54

Student Success Act (HR 5) House Version of ESEA
Provisions in Student Success Act (HR 5) CEC Supports
Eliminates AYP
Maintains Disaggregation of Subgroup Data
Improves Data Transparency
Assures parents understand the implications of alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards including that students are not precluded from attempting to complete requirements for a regular diploma.
95 student participation rate for all students
UDL
55
Student Success Act (HR 5) House Version of ESEA
CEC Expresses Serious Concerns with Student Success Act (HR 5)
Reduces Accountability for Students with Disabilities
Removes the 1 Cap on Alternate Assessments Based on Alternate Achievement Standards
Lacks focus on Professional Development
Includes Performance Pay that is solely Based From Standardized Test Scores
Increases Privatization
Ignores High-Ability Students
56
Student Success Act (HR 5) House Version of ESEA
CEC Expresses Serious Concerns with Student Success Act (HR 5)
Eliminates MOE
Permits Title I Portability Provisions
Ignores Early Childhood
57
Every Child Ready for College and Career Act of
2015 (Draft)
  • January 2015 Alexanders draft Bill released for
    comment
  • Senators Murray (D-WA) and Alexander (R-TN)
    agreed to work on a bipartisan bill. Now working
    behind closed doors!
  • Senators Murray Alexander expect to mark up the
    bill in Committee the week of April 13th

CEC opposed the draft bill, as did most of
disability community education community split
58
Every Child Ready for College and Career Act of
2015 (Draft) Senate Version of ESEA
Provisions in Every Child Ready for College and Career Act of 2015 (Draft) CEC Supports
Eliminated AYP
Maintains Disaggregation of Subgroup data
Early Intervening Services in General Ed, UDL, PBIS
59
Every Child Ready for College and Career Act of
2015 (Draft)
Provisions in Every Child Ready for College and Career Act of 2015 (Draft) That Concerns CEC
New Requirements without Adequate Resources
Reduces Accountability for Students with Disabilities
Removes the 1 Cap on Alternate Assessments Based on Alternate Achievement Standards
Lacks Focus on Professional Development
Increases Privatization
Ignores High Ability Students
Permits Title I Portability Provisions
Ignores Early Childhood
60
Whats Next for ESEA?
61
Where Are We??!!
62
Federal Budget
63
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64
Trench Warfare!
  • Since January 2011 Republicans and Democrats have
    had multiple battles over the budget and
    deficit.
  • Republicans are opposed to revenue increases.
  • Liberal Democrats are opposed to entitlement
    cuts.
  • Education and other nondefense programs have
    borne the brunt of the cuts.
  • Outlook not good for breaking stalemate.

65
Federal Budget FY 2014
66
FY 2014 US DOE Budget
67
FY 2015 Where did we end up?
Total Amount
Change
IDEA Part B 11.498 Billion Increase of 25 Million
IDEA Part B Section 619 353.24 Million Level Funded
IDEA Part C 438.60 Million Increase of 100 Thousand
IDEA Part D 225.14 Million Level Funded
Javits 10 Million Increase of 5 Million
SpEd Research 54 million Level Funded
68
FY 2016 Presidents Budget
  • Requested 70.7 billion in discretionary
    appropriations
  • 5.4 increase over FY 2015

69
FY 2016 Presidents Budget
Change over FY 15
IDEA Part B Increase of 175 Million 16
IDEA Part B Section 619 Increase of 50 Million
IDEA Part C Increase of 65 Million
IDEA Part D Level Funded
Javits Decrease of 300 Thousand
SpEd Research Level Funded
70
FY 2016 Congresss Budget Blueprints
  • Both Senate and House Contain Massive Cuts to
    Education
  • Budget Blueprints set overall spending cuts, they
    do not specify program amounts
  • Sequestration is still in place
  • House Education Budget - 135 billion
  • From FY 2016 2025 (20 percent below current
    funding levels)
  • Senate Education Budget - 63 billion from FY
    2016
  • 2025 (8 percent below current funding levels)

71
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73
IDEA Full Funding Act
Congressmen Van Hollen (D-MD), McKinley (R-WV),
Walz (D-MN), Gibson (R-NY), Huffman (D-CA) and
Reichert (R-WA)
IDEA Full Funding Act would fully fund IDEA by
2025 (HR 551)
74
New Initiatives in Early Learning
75
Federal Campaign on Early Childhood Inclusion
  • Current join inclusion effort across ED and HHS
  • Focus so that all children have access to and
    full participation in high-quality early care and
    education settings.
  • Development of a Federal policy statement on
    early childhood inclusion this year
  • Activities and resources will be undertaken or
    developed as part of this public awareness
    campaign.

76
FFY 2014 Appropriations BillNew Preschool Grants
  • 250M in grants to States for preschool grants
  • Several application public comment periods
    over 500 comments and one public hearing
  • Grants were awarded to 18 of the 40 states that
    applied in December 2014
  • These grants are jointly administered by
    Education and HHS 
  • States apply for grants to build the capacity to
    develop, enhance or expand high-quality preschool
    programs

77
Race to the Top Early Learning
  • First year of the RTT-ELC competition, 9 states
    funded (CA, DE, MA, MD, MN, NC, OH, RI, WA)
  • In 2012, five more states (CO, IL, NM, OR, and
    WI) were funded
  • Then six new awards, 280 million in Fall 2013
    Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, New Jersey,
    Pennsylvania, and Vermont
  • More information about the Race to the Top-Early
    Learning Challenge

78
ED Secretary Duncan
79
Current Push for ESEA
  • Senator Casey (D-PA) has sponsored a Dear
    Colleague letter to Senators Alexander and
    Murray, urging that a dedicated funding stream
    for early learning be created in the pending ESEA
    reauthorization

80
Kline Comment Last Congress
  • House Education and Workforce Committee Chairman
    John Kline (R-MN)
  • The president and I agree more can be done to
    help kids get an early start on the path to
    success, However, with 45 federal programs tied
    to early childhood development and a 13 billion
    annual taxpayer investment, we owe it to the
    American people to examine the strengths and
    weaknesses of current initiatives before crafting
    new ones.

81
Toddler Twin Youtube
82
Higher Education Act
83
2 Major Initiatives in Higher Education
84
What is the Problem??
  • What is the Department saying
  • Teacher preparation programs are not always
    attracting the strongest candidates only 24 of
    all teachers, and only 14 of teachers in
    high-poverty schools, come from the top third of
    college graduates
  • More than three in five education school alumni
    report that their education school did not
    prepare them for classroom realities
  • 70 of superintendents and principals said
    teachers were not prepared to address the needs
    of students with disabilities.

85
Shift to EffectivenessNot Just in K-12
Tie ranking to financial aid eligibility !
  • Rate every teacher preparation program on 1-4
    scale (1 best, 4 worst)
  • Rating system as proposed by feds
  • K-12 student outcomes of program graduates based
    on value added scores
  • Employment outcomes for graduates including
    placement and retention
  • Customer satisfaction (graduate and principal
    surveys)
  • Professional accreditation OR state approval

86
Whats To Come?
  • Final regulations are expected out soon (CEC and
    TED responded)
  • Keep informed stay tuned!!

87
Education Sciences Reform Act
88
CECs ESRA Recommendations
89
Strengthening Education Through Research Act
  • Introduced on 4/2/14 and Approved by Full House
    on 5/8/14 by Representatives Kline (R-MN), Miller
    (D-CA), Rokita (R-IN), McCarthy (D-CA)
  • Includes key CEC Recommendations
  • Prioritizing special education research funding
    within the Institute of Education Sciences.
  • Emphasizing the elimination of the achievement
    gap between students with and without
    disabilities.
  • Increasing dissemination and collaboration with
    the Office of Special Education and
    Rehabilitative Services (OSERS).
  • Increasing the pipeline of early career special
    education researchers.
  • Ensuring peer reviewers have expertise in areas
    relevant to grant applications. 

CEC has significant concerns as funding levels
are far too low
90
Strengthening Education Through Research Act S.227
  • Introduced by Senator Alexander (R-TN) on
    February 4, 2015
  • Very similar to House Bill
  • CEC has significant concerns as funding levels
    are far too low

91
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92
IDEA2020??!!
93
UN Convention
UN Convention on the Rights of People With
Disabilities
Outcome U.S. Ratification of the UN Convention
on Rights of People with Disabilities guaranteed
globally
94
How many Countries have Signed or Ratified the
CRPD?
  • Needed 20 countries to ratify for CRPD to enter
    into force (become legally operative)
  • As of March 2015
  • 159 signatures to CRPD
  • 153 ratifications of CRPD

95
CRPD 159 Signatures 153 Ratifications
96
What will be the Potential Impact of the CRPD?
  1. CRPD as tool to address abuses
  2. International Disability Rights Movement
  3. International Cooperation Agencies UN Bodies
  4. International Law

97
Ghana
98
Kuwait
99
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Take Action CECs Legislative Action Center
Visit us in the Expo Hall CEC Central!! www.cec.s
ped.org Choose Policy Advocacy Choose Take
Action!
103
Stay Connected! www.policyinsider.org Sign up
for weekly digest!
104
_at_CECAdvocacy
Follow us on Twitter for up to the minute policy
updates!
105
Margaret Mead
  • A small group of thoughtful people could change
    the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever
    has.

106
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107
Get To It!
108
Questions?????
109
THANK YOU!!!
Deb Ziegler Director Policy
Advocacy and Professional Standards
debz_at_cec.sped.org
Rose Haller-Kaplan Program Assistant Policy
Advocacy and Professional Standards
rosehk_at_cec.sped.org
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