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The Declaration of Independence


The Declaration of Independence Let s Review! What is mercantilism? What was the impact of the French & Indian War? Name two ways the Colonists protested the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence
Lets Review!
  • What is mercantilism?
  • What was the impact of the French Indian War?
  • Name two ways the Colonists protested the Acts.
    (Think Stamp Act Tea Act)
  • What letter did the First Continental Congress
  • What is significant about Lexington and Concord
  • What is Common Sense?

Todays Goal
  • Explain the origin of the Declaration of
    Independence as well as summarize and interpret
    this as a important founding document in American
  • Where did the idea to declare independence come
    from? How did this document originate?
  • How comfortable do you feel with your
    understanding of the origin of the Declaration of

The Declaration of Independence
  • Thomas Jefferson was the main author of the
    Declaration, though he received some help from
    other notable Americans.
  • The initial document was presented.
  • 86 Changes were made in 1 day!
  • Nearly 1/5 of the document was eliminated
  • Leaving 1,337 powerful words

What Was at Risk?
  • The Second Continental Congress decided that the
    DOI was needed and approved the document after
    revisions were made.
  • 56 Signers (at least one from each of the 13
    colonies) were in attendance
  • By signing their name to the document, each man
    was committing an act of treason against the
  • We must indeed all hang together,
  • or most assuredly, we shall all
  • hang separately.
  • -
    Benjamin Franklin

Who Were the Risktakers?
  • Jefferson, Franklin, Hancock, and Adams are well
    known but many of the other men have compelling
    stories as well
  • Franklin was the oldest, eighteen were under 40,
    three were in their 20s, half were lawyers, 9
    were landowners, 11 were merchants, the rest were
    doctors, ministers, politicians

What Did They Have to Lose?
But Above All Else
  • These 56 signers risked the ultimate
  • Their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred

The Signers of the Declaration
  • The signers, as representatives of the American
    people, declared American Independence from Great
    Britain on July 4, 1776!!!!
  • (Most members actually signed on August 2 though)
  • Was this treasonous? Why or Why not?

Food for ThoughtWhy are these statements
  • My hand trembles, but my heart does not.
  • - Stephen Hopkins
  • I am no longer a Virginian, Sir, but an
  • - Patrick Henry

(No Transcript)
Why is this Significant?
The Title says The unanimous Declaration of the
united States of America
Declaration of Independence
  • There are four major components of the DOI
  • Introduction
  • Rights of the People (Natural Rights)
  • Complaints of the Colonists (Grievances)
  • Declaration of a new Nation the united States

Parts of the Declaration
  • The Colonists were tired of the how they were
    being treated by the British they were IRCD
  • I introduction
  • R rights of the people
  • C complaints against the king
  • D declaration of a new nation

  • Explains why the Continental Congress drew up the
  • When in the Course of Human events, it becomes
    necessary for one people to dissolve the
    political bands which have connected them with
    another. a decent respect to the opinions
    of mankind requires that they should declare the
    causes which impel them to the separation

  • The second part of the Declaration lists the
    natural rights of the citizens.
  • It explains that in a republic, people form a
    government to protect their rights. LETS
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident (clearly
    true), that all men are created equal, that they
    are endowed by their Creator with certain
    unalienable (inalienable) rights (Cannot be taken
    away), that among these are life, liberty and the
    pursuit of happiness
  • That to secure these rights, governments are
    instituted among men deriving their just powers
    from the consent of the governed! (permission of
    the people)
  • that whenever any form of government becomes
    destructive of these ends, it is the right of the
    people to alter or abolish it, and to institute
    new government.
  • (Social contract natural rights the role of
    the government) According to this, what is the
    relationship between natural rights and the role
    of the government?

  • Lists the colonists grievances against the
    British government
  • Who is singled out?
  • Examples- WRITE THESE DOWN
  • He refused assent to laws (laws written by the
  • He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing
    Armies without Consent of our legislature
    (quartering soldiers)
  • Hehas imposed taxes on us without our consent
  • He has taken away our right to a trial by jury
  • He has limited our judicial powers
  • He has dissolved our legislatures
  • Overall the colonists were oppressed (unjust
    treatment) by the tyranny of the King.
  • What is the connection between these grievances
    and natural rights?

Declaration of a New Nation
  • The final section declares that the colonies are
    13 Free and Independent States.
  • What is significant about that statement?
  • The states now had the power to wage war, to form
    alliances and to trade with other nations.

How Do You Feel?
  • Now that weve discussed the DOI
  • How confident do you feel about your
    understanding of IRCD?

SHR Fireworks
Now its Your Turn!
  • Acting as a modern day Thomas Jefferson you
    now have a chance to rewrite the Declaration of
  • Lets take a look at the project instructions.
  • Due on Wednesday, October 1st!