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The Declaration of Independence

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The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence (DOI) was influenced by a variety of sources English Bill of Rights John Locke What did the English ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Independence


1
The Declaration of Independence
2
  • The Declaration of Independence (DOI) was
    influenced by a variety of sources
  • English Bill of Rights
  • John Locke

3
What did the English Bill of Rights
guarantee?How?
4
What concepts was Locke known for?
5
Class Work
  • Partner with one person in the class
  • In your own words, translate the following two
    passages

6
Passage One
  • When in the Course of human events, it becomes
    necessary for one people to dissolve the
    political bands which have connected them with
    another, and to assume among the powers of the
    earth, the separate and equal station to which
    the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle
    them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind
    requires that they should declare the causes
    which impel them to the separation.

7
Passage Two
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
    all men are created equal, that they are endowed
    by their Creator with certain unalienable
    Rights,72 that among these are Life, Liberty
    and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure
    these rights, Governments are instituted among
    Men, deriving their just powers from the consent
    of the governed, That whenever any Form of
    Government becomes destructive of these ends, it
    is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish
    it.

8
Parts of the Constitution
  • Opening statement
  • Declares purpose of the document
  • Preamble
  • States the principles of the Independence
    Movement
  • List of Grievances
  • Reasons behind the Movement
  • Two remaining sections
  • One details the steps taken by the colonies to
    address the grievances
  • Also includes Britains response
  • Final Statement of Commitment to the DOI

9
So What?
  • Never before had a colony broken away from the
    parent nation
  • First true Declaration of Independence
  • Independence wasnt the rule or assumed
  • Had NEVER been done

10
Declaration Historical Notes
  • Declaration was not easy to pass
  • Several factions fighting within the Congress
  • Required all the colonies to vote unanimously
  • Why?

11
  • Northern Colonies
  • Earliest to feel Britains show of force
  • Boston, MA
  • Southern Colonies
  • Wealthy, economy driven by slave labor
  • Had to protect interests
  • Other colonies were similarly caught between
    their traditional and practical ties to Great
    Britain and their own outrages and interests
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